ABOUT THE BOOK:
This work is recognised by the experts of this field -Usul al-Fiqh- as one of the foremost referenced works in Usul. Jam' al-Jawami' being a compilation of over seventy other titles as well as its in depth analysis of the various opinions in Usul, Qawa'id, Kalam and Tassawuf. This basic work has been published again and again and it was also commented on, annotated, verified and even abridged further. Imam Ibn Subki being the original author has even written a complimentary work which he titled as Man'il Mawani' 'an Jam' al-Jawami'.
This specific work however, al-Badru al-Tali' fi Halli Jam' al-Jawami' is by far the best commentary written on the Jam'. The author, Imam al-Mahalli was an astute and most qualified 9th century scholar with extreme proficiency in Usul. As such this work has been widely recognised as a superior commentary and was used by teachers and students alike. Sharh Jam` al-Jawami`, by Jalal al-Din al-Mahhalli (d. 864), written 827, one of the most famous commentaries on the author’s work, printed in Cairo 1308 A.H., and used with the Jam` al-Jawami` itself as a text book at the University of Cairo.
FULL TASHKEEL ON THE MATN & THE SHARH
EXTENSIVE BIO OF BOTH AUTHORS.
Notes on the commentary by al-Mahalli:
(1) Kitab al-Durar al-Lawami`, by Kamal al-Din ibn Abi Sarif (d. 907), written 906 A.H.
(2) Hashiya fi Jam` al-Jawami`, by Abu Yahiya Zakariyya al-Ansari (d. 926).
(3) al-Ayat al-Bayyinat, by Shihab al-Din al-Sabbaj al-`Ibadi (d. 992), a work on the errors made by al-Mahalli in his commentary on the Jam` al-Jawami`. Printed in 4 volumes, Bulaq, 1289 A.H.
(4) Hashiya fi Sharh Jam` al-Jawami`, by `Abd al-Rahman al-Bannani (d. 1198). Printed in 2 volumes, Bulaq 1285, Cairo 1309 A.H.
(5) Badr al-Din ibn Hatib al-Takhariyya, pupil of al-Mahalli, (d. 893).
(6) Muhammad ibn Dawud al-Bazilli (d. 925).
(7) Qutb al-Din `Isa al-Safawi al-‘Ighi, from Mekka, (d. 955).
(8) `Isa ibn Muhammad al-Barawi; MS Paris 806 (740 pp.).
(9) Nasir al-Din Muhammad al-Maliki al-Luqani.
(10) `Ali ibn Ahmad al-Najjar al-Sha`rani.
(11) Muhammad ibn Barri al-`Adawi (d. 1193).
Other commentaries and commentators on the Jam` al-Jawami` itself:
3) al-Buruq al-Lawami` fi ma Urida `Ala Jam` al-Jawami`, by Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Ghazzi (d. 808), a severe criticism on the Jam` al-Jawami`, put together into 32 questions. Taj al-Din wrote a new book in his own defence – Man` al-Mawani` – against this commentary.
4) `Izz al-Din Abu Bakr al-Kanani (d. 819).
5) Shihab al-Din al-Raula al-Muqaddasi (d. 844).
6) Burhan al-Din al-Kabakibi al-Kudsi (d. 850).
7) Ibn al-`Abbas al-`Adawi.
8) Shihab al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 822).
9) Shihab al-Din al-Kurani (d. 893).
10) `Abd al-Barri al-Halabi, the Hanafite, (d. 921).
The Jam` al-Jawami` has been put into verse by following authors:
1) Shihab al-Din `Abd al-Rahman al-Tukhi (d. 893).
2) Rida al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 925).
A commentary on this versification by the author’s son Badr al-Din al-Ghazzi (d. 984).
3) al-Kawkab al-Sati`, versification by Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (d. 911).
A commentary by the author on his versification called Sharh al-Kawkab al-Sati`.
Taj al-Din himself wrote two books on the Jam` al-Jawami`:
2. Man` al-Mawani` `An Su’alat Jam` al-Jawami`, about 400 pages, written as a reply to the criticism on the Jam` al-Jawami` by Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Ghazzi (d. 808) in a work called al-Buruq al-Lawami` fi ma Urida `Ala Jam` al-Jawami`. Taj al-Din takes up and answers 33 (Paris MS gives only 32) questions, stated at the beginning of the book.
3. Sharh Jam` al-Jawami`, a commentary on his own legal work, completed in 770 A.H., or the year before Taj al-Din died.
ABOUT IMAM AL-MAHALLI:
Jalalu’d-din muhammad ibn ahmad al-mahalli (791-864/1389-1459) of Cairo was a versatile, scholar who excelled in jurisprudence, theology, grammar, rhetoric, and Qur’anic commentary. He was known for his scrupulousness, fear of Allah, and fearlessness in upholding the truth. Al-Mahalli was offered the highest judicial positions but refused them. He taugh jurisprudence in the Mu’ayyadiyya and Barquqiyya madrasas.
Abstinent and ascetic, he lived on what he earned by trade. His most famous work is his Qur’anic commentary, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, which he began halfway through the text with Surat al-Kahf, ending with an-Nas and al-Fatiha.. Although he died before he could start the other half, the work was completed by his student, Jalalu’d-Din as-Suyuti. Al-Mahalli’s other books include commentaries on Jam’ al-Jawami’, al-Burda, al-Manahij fi’l-fiqh, al-Waraqat fi’l-usul, Kitab al Jihad.
ABOUT IMAM IBN AL-SUBKI:
Imam Taj al-Din al-Subki (‘Abd al-Wahhab b. ‘Ali b. ‘Abd al-Kafi, Abi Nasr) was a Shafi‘i jurist who said about himself: “I am among those individuals who if they hear something virtuous endeavor to spread it; if they see something questionable endeavor to hide it; and if they witness good in people that would move eyes to tears, endeavor to attach their hearts to it.” . Taj al-Din al-Subki, the author of the Mu`id al-Ni`am wa Mubid al-Niqam, belongs to a large family of al-Subkis, whose members during the seventh and eighth century A.H. made themselves renowned, not only for their learning, high positions as qadis, jurisconsultants, professors, preachers, and writers, but also for their high personal qualities.
The author, Taj al-Din Abu Nasr `Abd al-Wahhab al-Subki, according to Ibn Ayyub, al-Ghazzi, and Ibn Shuhba was born in Cairo. Mubarak and al-Suyuti use the indefinite term, al-Misri, the Egyptian, and Ibn Hajar omits the place of birth altogether. The native biographers also disagree in regard to the year of his birth. Ibn Ayyub, Ibn Hajar, and al-Ghazzi give the year 727 A.H., Ibn Shuhba gives the same year but remarks that 'others say 728.' Mubarak and al-Suyuti give 729 A.H. as the year of the birth of Taj al-Din. Most authorities agree, however, that he was 44 years of age when he died, and as his death occurred 771, the year 727 is most likely to be regarded as the year of his birth.
Taj al-Din received his first education in Cairo. The native biographers always put his own father in the first place as the teacher of his son. A long list of teachers with whom Taj al-Din studied at Cairo is given: Yunus al-Dabusi, `Ali Yahya ibn Yusuf al-Misri, `Abd al-Muhsin al-Sabuni, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Abd al-`Aziz al-Sa`bi, Fath al-Din ibn Sayyid al-Nas, Salih ibn Muhaqar, `Abd al-Qadi ibn al-Mutuk, and the qadi `Abd al-Ghaffar al-Sa`di.