ABOUT THE BOOK:
al-'Ulama al-'Uzzab is one of those unique genre part of a chain of written works by Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghudda on scholars and learning. This work specifically focuses on 35 individual great Celibate scholars starting with Tabi'i of 131 Hijri till modern day scholars who abandoned marriage and exclusively focused on scholarship and Islamic literature, be they female or male alike. Scholars like al-Tabari, al-Zamakhshari, Imam al-Shayrazi, al-Nawawi, Ibn Taymiyyah, Izz al-Din Ibn al-Jama'ah, and many more. They remained single all their life in order to devout themselves to sacred knowledge and worship. Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghudda treatise on the biography of such scholars titled al-ulama al-uzzab allazina A’tharu al-Ilm ala al-Zawaj (Celibate scholars who preferred sacred knowledge over marriage) is unique in the field.
Imam al-Nawawi (Allah have mercy on him) states in his al-Minhaj:
“Marriage is recommended (mustahab) for the one who has a need to marry and the financial means. If one does not have the financial means, it will be recommended to abstain from marrying. If one has no need to marry, then it is disliked (makruh) to marry if he does not have the financial means, otherwise (m: one has the financial means but no need), it will not be disliked but devoting one’s self for worship (m: and not marrying) is better.” (See: Mugni al-Muhtaj ila Ma’rifat ma’ani alfaz al-Minhaj, 2/168-170)
ABOUT SHAYKH 'ABD AL-FATTAH ABU GHUDDA
He is Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghudda Ansari (9 May 1917 – 16 February 1997) was a Syrian Hadith scholar. He was born in 1917 in Aleppo. Abu Ghudda was born and raised in Aleppo, studying at the Academy of Islamic Studies in Aleppo and later received advanced training in psychology and education at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. His father, Muhammad Ansari, was known to be a pious man, and was a businessman in the textile industry. Muhammad's father, Bashir Ansari, was one of the biggest textile traders in Aleppo, and the family line could be traced back to Khalid ibn al-Walid, one of the companions of the Islamic Prophet ﷺ
He studied with the giants like;
--- Shaykh 'Isa al-Bayanuni,
--- Shaykh Ibrahim al-Salqini,
--- Shaykh Muhammad Raghib al-Tabbakh,
--- Shaykh Muhammad al-Nashid,
--- Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Idlibi,
--- Shaykh Mustafa al-Zarqa,
--- Shaykh Muhammad Najib Siraj al-Din (father of Shaykh 'Abd Allah Siraj al-Din),
--- Shaykh Muhammad Zahid al-Kawthari,
--- Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf al-Banauri,
and many others;
HIS POLITICAL ACTIVITIES:
Abu Ghudda lived in Cairo between 1944 and 1950, during which time he met Hassan al-Banna, the Founder and First General Guide of the Muslim Brotherood. Abu Ghudda joined the Muslim Brotherood under the auspices of al-Banna, and became a member of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood upon his return to Syria in 1950. He rose to prominence in Islamic circles in Aleppo, and became an instructur at his former school, Academy of Islamic Studies. In 1960 he became an instructor of theology at Damascus University. Abu Ghudda stood for election in the 1961 parliamentary election, and was later appointed as the Mufti of Aleppo by President Nazim al-Kudsi. Shaykh Abu Ghudda later became opposition to Salah Jadid's Presidency who came to power in Coup. Shaykh Abu Ghudda was arrested and imprisoned in the remote Tadmor Prison, where he was kept for 11 months, before being released along with all other political prisoners in 1967 as part of an amnesty following the Six-Day War with Israel.
Shaykh Abu Ghudda left Syria and went into exile in Saudi Arabia, where he taught at Riyadh University, and guest lectured at the Omdurman Institute in Sudan. In exile he became Inspector General of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood from 1976 to 1983, leading the Islamic uprising in Syria. Following the failure of the uprising Shaykh Abu Ghudda abandoned his political career and turned to academia. He taught at Jeddah University and published numerous works on Islamic disciplines.
SOME OF HIS POPULAR WORKS:
--- Risalat al-Mustarshidin; Imam al-Mahasibi's Tasawwaf work.
(رسالة المسترشدين) Available in English.
--- al-Raf' wa'l Takmil fi'l Jarh wa'l Ta'dil; Shaykh 'Abd al-Hay al-Lacknawi's
(الرفع والتكميل في الجرح والتعديل)
--- Iqamat al-Hujjah 'ala anna'l Ikthar min al-Ta'abud laysa bi Bid'ah; Shaykh 'Abd al-Hay al-Lacknawi's
(إقامة الحجة على أن الإكثار من التعبد ليس ببدعة) Available in English.
--- al-Tasrih bima Tawatara fi Nuzul al-Masih; Imam Muhammad Anur Kashmir's;
(التصريح بما تواتر في نزول المسيح)
--- Fath Bab al-'Inayah bi Sharh Kitab al-Naqayah;
(فتح باب العناية بشرح كتاب النقاية)
--- Safahat min Sabr al-'Ulama 'ala Shada'id al-'Ilm wa'l Tahsil; his own work
(صفحات من صبر العلماء على شدائد العلم والتحصيل)
--- Qawa'id fi 'ilm al-Hadith;
(قواعد في علم الحديث)
--- al-'Ulama al-'Uzzab al-Ladhina Atharu al-'Ilm 'ala al-Zawaj; his own work
(الْعُلَمَاءُ العُزَّابُ الَّذِينَ آثَرواْ العِلْمَ عَلَى الزَّوَاجِ)
--- Kalimat fi Kashf abatil wa Iftira'at; refutation towards Shaykh Albani and Shawish; his own work
(كلمات في كشف أباطيلَ وافتراءات)
--- Qimat al-Zaman 'Ind al-'Ulama; his own work
(قيمة الزمن عند العلماء)
--- Sabahat al-Fikr fi'l Jahr bi'l Dhikr; Shaykh 'Abd al-Hay al-Lacknawi's
(سباحة الفكر في الجهر بالذكر)
--- Amir al-Mu'minin fi'l Hadith; his own work
(أمراء المؤمنين في الحديث)
--- al-Isnad min al-Din; his own work
(الإسناد من الدين)
--- Min Adab al-Islam; his own work
(من أدب الإسلام)
--- al-Halal wa'l Haram wa Ba'dh Qawa'idahuma; Imam Ibn Taymiyya's
(الحلال والحرام وبعض قواعدهما)
--- al-Rasul al-Mu'allim; his own work
(الرسول المعلم صلى الله عليه وسلم وأساليبه في التعليم) Available in English.
--- al-Manh al-Matlubat fi Istihab Raf' al-Yadayn fi'l Du'a ba'da'l Salawat al-Maktubat;
(المنح المطلوبة في استحباب رفع اليدين في الدعاء بعد الصلوات المكتوبة)
--- Hashiyat Sunnan al-Nasa'i;
and many, many more.
Shaykh Abu Ghudda died in Riyadh on 16 February 1997 was buried in Medina near the grave of the Prophet ﷺ.