ABOUT ZAD AL-MUSTAQNI':
This is a summary of fiqh from the Muqni‘ of Imam al-Muwaffaq, Abu Muhammad (`Abd Allah bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Qudama al-Maqdasi. The Author has removed issues (masa‘il) that rarely occur and has added what is relied upon, since aspirations have lowered and reasons which preoccupy from reaching the goal are numerous. In spite of its small size, what it does include frees need of lengthiness. The great Hanbali scholar Imam Muwaffiq Al-Din Ibn Qudammah Al-Maqdisi developed a program taking students from the very beginning of their studies to the very end: from having no specialized knowledge in the fiqh to being a mujtahid. His program consisted of a series of books, moving the student toward the grand goal in stages.
THE ORDER OF HANBALI FIQH WORKS OF IBN QUDAMMAH AL-MAQDASI:
--- al-'Umdah; a basic manual of fiqh for beginners. It covers the basic rulings that every Hanbali needs. The book gave only the predominant opinion for each position. While Al-Muwaffiq did not concentrate on evidence, he did tend to begin each section with a hadith that the student can use for figuring out many of the unmentioned branch issues.
--- al-Muqni'; which added to the above by mentioning different opinions for a given issue without telling the student which is the predominant opinion, and by adding some additional branch issues.
--- al-Kafi; which introduces evidence for the positions in the madhab.
--- Rawdhat al-Nazir; a book in usul al-fiqh. It is a condensed version of Imam Al-Ghazali‘s Al-Mustasfa, but instead of championing the Shafi`i usul it champions the Hanbali.
--- al-Mughni; which builds on the previous works by adding opinions from the other madhabs from the Companions and early Imams (Allah be well pleased with them) whether still followed or extinct, the opinions within the madhab with a particular emphasis on what is transmitted from the Imam, the evidence for all of these various positions, and then a defence of the predominant position in Ibn Qudammah‘s opinion. The book is also full of minute branch issues.
COMMENTARIES ON AL-MUQNI':
--- Zād al-Mustaqnī’ fī Ikhtisār al-Muqni’; by Imam 'Ali al-Hajjawi. al-Hajjawi took Ibn Qudammah‘s Al-Muqni` and reduced it to the predominant position in the madhab, removed extraneous issues, and added some things that were necessary. His book is known as Zad Al-Mustaqni`; it was greatly accepted, and some scholars said that whoever has memorized al-Zad is fit to be a judge. While the book is indeed short, it gives the basics for the Hanbali madhab, including some things not even found in books twice its length.
COMMENTARIES ON THE ZAD:
--- al-Rawdh al-Murbi'; by Imam Mansur al-Bahuti (d. 1051),
--- al-Sharh al-Mumti'; by Shaykh Muhammad Salih 'Uthaymin,
--- al-Sharh al-Mukhtasar 'ala Matn Zad al-Mustaqni'; by Shaykh Salih b. Fawzan al-Fawzan,
(الشَرحُ المُخْتَصَر على متن زَاد المُسْتَقْنِع فِي اِخْتِصَار المُقْنِعْ)
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
The Zad has received many classical and modern commentaries. One of them is Shaykh Muhammad b. Salih al-'Uthaymin commentary titled; al-Sharh al-Mumti' 'ala Zad al-Mustaqni'
The Excellent Sharh of Zad al-Mustaqni ' of Uthaymin. A competent commentary for modern Hanbali text which is widely celebrated as one of the excellent ones.
ABOUT IMAM MUWAFFAQ AL-DIN IBN QUDAMAH:
He was al-Imam Muwaffaq al-Din Abu Muhammad 'Abd Allah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Qudamah Ibn Miqdam Ibn Nasr Ibn 'Abdillaah al-Maqdisi born 541/1147 - Died 620/1223, was a noted Hanbali ascetic, jurisconsult and traditionalist theologian. He authored many treatises on jurisprudence and doctrine, including one of the most celebrated encyclopaedic books on Hanbali jurisprudence al-Mughni, as well as Tahrim an-Nazar (Censure of Speculative Theology, criticism of Ibn Aqil's views.) He was a member of the school founded by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and he is considered as one of its greatest scholars, and also called Shaykh al-Islam. He was born in Palestine in Jammain. He received the first phase of his education in Damascus where he studied the Qur'an and hadith.
He left Palestine with his maternal cousin, 'Abd al-Ghani, for Baghdad in 561 AH where he was received by the leading Hanbali of the day, the celebrated mystic Abdul-Qadir al-Jaylani. He later received the Khirqa from him and passed it onto another Hanbali, his cousin Ibrahim ibn 'Abd al-Wahid. As a consequence of his experience with Abdul-Qadir al-Jilani, Ibn Qudama was to receive a special place in his heart for mystics and mysticism. He studied with the following scholars of his time:
--- Abd al-Qadir al-Jaylani (Baghdad),
--- Abi al-Makarim ibn Hilal (Syria),
--- Abi al-Fadl at-Tusi (Iraq),
--- Al-Mubarak ibn at-Tabbakh (Mecca),
Ibn Qudamah was considered one of the primary proponents of the Athari school of Aqidah. In line with this school he held the view that the Divine attributes should be believed in simply as they are without applying much reason to expand upon them. His works are thought to number more than a few dozen. Amongst them are;
--- Al-'Umdah fi'l Fiqh; meant to introduce the madhab to the beginners,
--- Al-Muqni'; from which Zad al-Mustaqni' is summarized; this will mention multiple riwayahs, or wujuh in the madhhab, without dalil, and sometimes without tarjih
--- Al-Kafi; it explores aqwal in the madhhab with their respective dalil and ta'lil
--- Al-Mughni; this is his masterpiece on Khilaf, i.e. opinions beyond the madhhab
--- Lum'at al-I'tiqad,
--- Dhammu Ta'wil,
--- Rawdat al-Nazir,
--- al-Ruqqah wa'l Buka,
--- Mukhtasar 'Ilal al-Hadith li'l Khilal,
In later life, Ibn Qudamah left Damascus to join Saladin in his expedition against the Franks in 573AH, participating particularly in Saladin's conquest of Jerusalem. He died on Saturday, the Day of Eid al-Fitr on 7th of July 1223 AD / 620 AH.
ABOUT IMAM SHARF AL-DIN AL-HAJJAWI:
He is Imam Sharf al-Din Abu al-Naja Musa b. Ahmed b. Musa b. Salim b. Isa b. Salim al-Hajjawi al-Mawdasi al-Salihi, was jurist per excellence in the Hanbali Madhab, from Syria, the Judge and the Shaykh of the Hanabila in his day. He was born in Hajjah, Nabalus in the year 895 Hijri. He grew up there and studied his qur'anic studies. He thereafter moved to Damascus and furthered his studies. He quickly excelled in Fiqh, Usul, Hadith and gained reputation for accurate knowledge in the Hanbali madhab.
He wrote several works, amongst them being;
--- Zad al-Mustaqni' fi Ikhtisar al-Muqni'; an abridgement of Ibn Qudamah's Muqni';
(زاد المستقنع في اختصار المقنع)
--- Sharh Manzumat al-Adab al-Shar'iyyah; commentary on al-Mardawi's Manzumah;
(شرح منظومة الآداب الشرعية)
--- al-Iqna'; one of the finer fiqh works in the Hanbali madhab with wide masa'il;
--- Hashiyat al-Tanqih;
--- Fath al-Wahhab Sharh Manzumat al-Adab;
(فتح الوهاب شرح منظومة الآداب)
al-Hijjawi died on Thursday 22nd of Rabi' al-Awwal 968 Hijri and was laid to rest in Damascus.
ABOUT SHAYKH MUHAMMAD B. SALIH AL-'UTHAYMIN:
He is Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Salih ibn Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymin at-Tamimi born in March 9, 1925 and died January 10, 2001 was a Sunni scholar of Saudi Arabia who was considered one of the most influential modern scholars.
Shaykh Uthaymin, as he was most known, was born in the city of Unayzah, Qasim Region, Saudi Arabia, on 27th Ramadhan 1347H in a famous religious family. He received his education from many prominent scholars like:
Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Naasir As-Sa’di (1307H – 1376H), Shaykh Muhammad Ameen Ash-Shanqeeti (1325H – 1393H), and Shaykh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (1330H – 1420H), along with many more.
Shaykh Uthaymin was top Hanbali faqih in his time and his locality, ie Saudi. He has about fifty compilations on his name, many of it are transmissions from his frequent lessons. He was also a member of the Senior Scholars Committee of the Kingdom, and was the Imam and Khatib of the big Mosque of Unayzah city.
Among His Well-Known are:
--- Tafsir Ayatul Kursi,
--- Sharh Riyadh Saleheen.
--- Kitab ul Ilm.
--- Sharh Usool Thalaathah.
--- Fataawa Arkan Islam.
--- Majmoo’ Fataawa on many topics of Islamic Aqeedah and Fiqh.
--- A collection of Fataawa and Treatise.
--- Tafseer Al Qur’aan Al Kareem.
--- Gatherings in the Month of Ramadaan.
--- Al Qawl Al Mufeed ‘ala Kitaab At Tawheed.
--- Ash Sharh Al-Mumti’ Ala Zaadil Mustaqni’.
--- The Book of Knowledge [Translated].
--- Taqreeb At Tadmooriyyah.
--- Exemplary Foundations Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah [Translated].
--- Explanation of Al Arba’een An Nawawiyyah [Translated].
--- Fath Rab Al Bariyyah.
--- Mukhtasar Ma’naa Al Labeeb.
--- Explanation of Al ‘Aqeedah Al Waasityyah [Translated].
--- Explanation of Lum’at Al ‘Itiqaad.
--- Manaasik Al Hajj Wal ‘Umrah.
--- Al Usool min ‘Ilm Al Usool.
--- Tasheel Al Faraa’id.
--- Mustalah Al Hadeeth.
--- The Description of the Prophets Hajj.
--- Being Balanced in Da’wah.
--- Treatise on Hijaab [Translated].
--- Al Manhaj li Mureed Al ‘Umrah Wal Hajj.
--- The Rulings of Slaughtering.
--- 48 Questions on Fasting [Translated].
--- The Provisions of the Caller to Allaah.
--- Difference of Opinion Amongst the Scholars and its Causes [Translated].
--- 60 Questions of the Rulings of Menses.
--- Chapters on Fasting, Taraweeh and Zakaah [Translated]
--- Minhaaj Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah.
--- Wiping Over the Khufs.
--- The Ruling of one who abandons the Prayer.
--- Allaah’s Names and Attributes.
--- ‘Aqeedat Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah.
--- A Collection of Questions related to the Family.
--- Normal Blood concerning Women.
--- Errors some Hujjaaj fall Into.
--- Zakaat Al Hulee.
--- Sujood As Sahw.
--- Divine Decree.
--- How does a Muslim perform Hajj and ‘Umrah.
--- A Summary of Fiqh Al Faraa’id.
--- Buying and Selling Gold.
--- The Fundamentals of Tafseer.
--- The Valuable Remembrance.
--- Prohibited Statements.
--- Marriage [Translated].
--- Description of the Prophets Prayer.
--- Essential Rights that the Fitrah Calls To.
--- Co-operation between the Du’aat and its Effect on the Community.
--- The Prescribed Times of Prayer.
--- The Explanation of the D’ua of Qunoot Al Witr.
--- From the Problems of the Youth.
--- How an Ill Person Purifies Himself.
--- Explanation of Saheeh Al Bukhaaree.
--- Explanation of Riyaad As Saaliheen.
--- Explanation of Buloogh Al Maraam.
--- Explanation of Al ‘Aqeedah Al Waasitiyyah.
--- Explanation of Al Ajroomiyyah.
--- Explanation of Lum’at Al ‘Itiqaad.
--- Explanation of Al Arba’een An Nawawiyyah.
--- Explanation of Al Bayqooniyyah.
--- Explanation of The Three Fundamental Principles.
--- Explanation of Kashf Ash Shubuhaat.
--- Explanation of Al ‘Aqeedah As Safareeniyyah.
--- Explanation of Nukhbat Al Fikr.
--- Explanation of Nadhm Al Waraqaat.
--- Explanation of ‘Umdat Al Ahkaam.
--- An Introduction to the Principles of Tafseer.
--- Explanation of Alfeeyat Ibn Maalik.
--- Explanation of Kitaab At Tawheed.
--- Explanation of Al Fataawa Al Hamawiyyah.
Shaykh Uthaymin passed away on Wednesday 15th Shawwal, 1421H / 10th January 2001 C.E. He was buried in Makkah. He was 74 years of age. May have Mercy upon his soul.