ABOUT MUKHTASAR AL-QUDURI:
When al-Kitāb is mentioned amongst the Hanafis, the Mukhtasar al-Quduri is intended. Imam al-Qudūrī was the Hanafi jurist and traditionist, Abū al-Ḥusayn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Qudūrī al-Baghdādī. It is with him the leadership of the Hanafis in Iraq comes to an end. He (raḥma allāh ʿalayh) was born in 362 AH and died in 428 AH. He was also one of the teachers of al-Ḥāfiẓ al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī, the author of Tārīkh Baghdād. This Mukhtaṣar is considered to be one of the reliable books within the Hanafi school, used by adherents of the school into the present day.
This title has enjoyed immense popularity among the Hanafi scholars and some of the popular commentaries are as follows;
--- Sharh al-Quduri; by Imam Abu Nasr b. Muhammad al-Aqta' (d. 474),
--- Sharh Mushkilat al-Quduri; by Imam Jawahir Zadah al-Bukhari (d. 483),
--- Idhah Mukhtasar al-Quduri; by Rukn al-Din Abu al-Fadhl Abd al-Rahman al-Karmani (d. 543),
--- al-Ikhwan; Abu al-Ma'ali 'Abd al-Rabb al-Ghaznawi (d. 500),
--- Zad al-Fuqaha; Biha al-Din Muhammad al-Isbijabi (d. 630),
--- al-Lubab; Jamal al-Din Abu Sa'd al-Yazdi (d. 591),
--- Khasat al-Dala'il fi Tanqih al-Masa'il; by Imam Hisam al-Din 'Ali b. Makki al-Razi (d. 598),
--- al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah; by Imam Abu Bakr b. Ali al-Haddad (d. 800),
--- Tas-hih Mukhtasar al-Quduri; by al-Hafiz Qasim b. Abd Allah b. Qutlubugha (d. 879),
--- al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab; by Imam 'Abd al-Ghani al-Ghunaymi (d. 1298),
ABOUT AL-TAS-HIL AL-DHARURI:
Mufti Ashiq Ilahi's simple and lucid commentary of Mukhtasar al-Quduri in question and answer format. This commentary also includes explanatory notes where the author considered it necessary. 2428 Questions and Answers Covering almost 12,500 Rules Found in the Quduri. The book has various benefits such as;
--- Simplification of the Rules and regulations found in the Original Quduri.
--- Written in Questions and Answers Format
--- At Time the Order of the Original have not been Followed
--- Headings are added which are not found in the Quduri
--- Certain rules have been added when necessary from other Hanafi Classical Manuals.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is has an added benefit that it further clarieifes, adds and supplements many points left out by the shaykh. It also has an introduction clarifying the influence of Imam Abu Hanifah and is his companions and how they shaped the other schools of thought.
ABOUT IMAM AL-QUDURI:
He is Abu’l-Hasan Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Hamdan al-Quduri al-Baghdadi, the Hanafi jurist, born 362 AH. Al-Quduri is an ascription to the selling of pots (qudur).
Abu’l-Hasan al-Quduri took his knowledge of fiqh from Abu `Abdillah Muhammad ibn al-Jurjani, from Abu Bakr al-Razi, from Abu’l-Hasan al-Karkhi, from Abu Sa`id al-Barda`i from `Ali al-Daqqaq, from Abu Sahl Musa ibn Nasr al-Razi, from Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, from Abu Hanifah, from Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman, from Ibrahim al-Nakha`i, from `Alqamah, from `Abdullah ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and his Household and grant them all peace).
Al-Quduri was one of the ashab al-tarjih (jurists who weighed and analyzed the strengths of differing verdicts in the madhhab). The leadership of the Hanafis in `Iraq came to rest with him, and his renown rose. His mention recurs in the well-known Hanafi books al-Hidayah and al-Khulasah.
He wrote some of the following works:
--- al-Mukhtasar; widely known as Mukhtasar al-Quduri,
--- al-Tajrid; in it he defends imam abu Hanifa fiqh positions contrary to the Shafi'i positions and it comes in seven volumes,
--- Sharh Mukhtasar al-Karkhi,
--- Juz' fi Hadith,
--- Manaqib Abi Hanifah,
--- al-Taqrib; Fiqh disagreements between Imam Abu Hanifah and his companions,
--- al-Taqrib al-Thani; similar title as the above but with evidences,
He died on 15th Rajab 428 AH in Baghdad, and was buried in his home, but was later transported and buried beside Abu Bakr al-Khawarizmi, another Hanafi jurist.
ABOUT SHAYKH MUHAMMAD 'ASHIQ ILAAHI AL-BARNI:
A prolific writer and eminent scholar of the Indian Subcontinent, Shaykh ‘Ashiq Ilahi al-Bulandshehri (or al-Barni) was born in 1343 AH in Bulandshehr of Uttar Pradesh. After attaining his primary education at Madrasa Imdadiyya Moradabad and Jami‘ Masjid Aligarh, he traveled to Mazahir ‘Ulum Saharanpur in pursuit of higher knowledge. After completing his studies, he taught various subjects at Ferozpur Jhirka, Hayat al-Ulum Moradabad, and at different madrasas throughout Calcutta.
He later taught at Dar al-‘Ulum Karachi for several years at the request of Mufti Muhammad Shafi’, where he assumed responsibility of the fatwa department and taught students hadith and tafsir. The Shaykh later migrated to Madina, where he spent the last 25 years of his life. He was a disciple of the hadith scholar Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi. Dozens of his books have been well received in many countries. Among them are:
- Tohfa-e khawatin (Gift for women),
- Marne ke bad kya hōga? (What is going to happen after death?),
- Islami adab (Islamic conduct),
- Huquq al-walidayn (Rights of parents),
- Anwar al-bayan (Illuminating discourses on the Holy Qur’an), a voluminous commentary of the Qur’an, are among the well-known books he authored.
In the field of hadith, he authored:
- Zad al-talibin (Provisions for the seekers)
- Al-Fawa’id al-saniyya fi sharh al-Arba‘in al-Nawawiyya (The lofty beneficial points in the explanation of Nawawi’s Forty Hadiths).
As for jurisprudence, he is the author of:
- Al-Tashil al-daruri fi masa’il al-Quduri (The necessary facilitation of the laws of Quduri), as well as dozens of reformative booklets and articles.
He passed away in the illuminated city of Madina at the age of 80 and was buried there in the Baqi‘ graveyard, as had been his desire.