ABOUT QAMUS AL-MUHIT:
The title is a comprehensive Arabic dictionary. The dictionary called al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ was one of the most widely used in Arabic for nearly five centuries. The ‘author of the Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ’ is widely known for his Arabic lexicon, which overshadows the astounding breadth of his writing.
Al-Qamus Al-Muhit ("The Surrounding Ocean"), al-Fayrūzabādī acknowledges that the bulk of it was formed as a merger and compilation from two pre-existing dictionaries;
--- al-Muhkam; by Ibn Sida (d. 1066 CE),
--- al-ʿUbab al-Zakhir wa'l Lubab al-Fakhir (العباب الزاخر واللباب الفاخر); by Al-Saghani (died 1252). Al-Saghani's dictionary was an expansion of the al-Sihah dictionary of Al-Jawhari (died c. 1008), which is a core dictionary of medieval Arabic.
Initially upon the merger, Al-Fayrūzabādī 's dictionary was huge. He then greatly reduced its size by eliminating examples of usage, eliminating some grammatical aspects of usage, and leaving mostly only simple definitions, and eliminating some lesser-used definitions. He made it more concise with a set of terse but effective notation conventions. The abridgement was still a large and comprehensive dictionary occupying two large volumes in print. It proved to be much more popular with users than the huge Lisan al-ʿArab dictionary of Ibn Manzur (died 1312) which contains a huge number of quotations and examples of usage.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is an expanded and modernised volume that contains extensive index of the words that can be found in this dictionary. Very thin paper and easy to carry one volume which is ideal for day to day usage, though it is almost 2 KG. It contains many annotations for ideal cross reference of words in other dictionaries.
ABOUT IMAM AL-FIRUZABADI:
His name was Abu Tahir Majid al-Din Muhammad Ibn Ya'qub Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Shirizi al-Al-Fayrūzabādī born in 729 Hijri / 1329 was an lexicographer and was the compiler of a comprehensive Arabic dictionary. The dictionary, called al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ was one of the most widely used in Arabic for nearly five centuries. The ‘author of the Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ’ is widely known for his Arabic lexicon, which overshadows the astounding breadth of his writing.
He was born in Fars, Persia, and educated in Shiraz, Wasit, Baghdad and Damascus. He lived in Jerusalem for ten years and then travelled in Western Asia and Egypt, before settling in Mecca in 1368 CE. He remained there for the bulk of the next three decades, spending some time in Delhi in the 1380s CE, and finally leaving Mecca in the mid-1390s CE to return to Baghdad, Shiraz (where he was received by Timur), and finally travelling to Ta'izz in Yemen. In 1395 CE, he was appointed chief qadi (judge) of Yemen by Al-Ashraf Umar II, who had summoned him from India a few years before to teach in his capital. Al-Ashraf also married a daughter of Al-Fayrūzabādī , something which added to Al-Fayrūzabādī 's prestige and power in the royal court.
During the later years of his life, Al-Fayrūzabādī converted his house at Mecca into a school of Maliki law and established three teachers in it. Al-Fayrūzabādī produced many writings;
HIS WRITTEN WORKS:
--- al-Qamus al-Muhit;
--- al-Qamus al-Wasit;
--- al-Jami' lima Dhahaba min Kalam al-'Arab;
(الجامع لما ذهب من كلام العرب شماميط)
--- Tahbir al-Mushin fi'l Ta'bir bi'l Sin wa'l Shin;
(تحبير الموشين، في التعبير بالسين والشين)
--- Sharh Qasidat;
--- al-Rawdh al-Masluf fima lahu Asman ila Aluf;
(الروض المسلوف، فيما له اسمان إلى ألوف)
--- al-Durur al-Muthathat fi'l Ghurar al-Muthalthalah;
(الدرر المبثثة، في الغرر المثلثة)
--- al-Muthalthal al-Kabir;
--- Anwa' al-Ghayth fi Asma al-Layth;
(أنواء الغيث، في أسماء الليث)
--- al-Jalis al-Anis fi Asma' al-Khandaris;
(الجليس الأنيس، في أسماء الخندريس)
--- Tafsir Fatihat al-Kitab;
(تفسير فاتحة الكتاب)
--- Tanwir al-Miqbas fi Tafsir Ibn 'Abbas;
(تنوير المقباس، في تفسير ابن عباس)
--- Rawdhat al-Nazir fi Tarjumat al-Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir;
(روضة الناظر، في ترجمة الشيخ عبد القادر)
--- al-Mirqat al-Wafiyyat fi Tabaqat al-Hanafiyyah;
(المرقاة الوفية، في طبقات الحنفية)
--- al-Mirqat al-Arfa'iyyah fi Tabaqat al-Shafi'iyyah;
(المرقاة الأرفعية، في طبقات الشافعية)
--- Manh al-Bari bi' Sil al-Fasih al-Jari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari;
(منح الباري، بالسيل الفسيح الجاري، في شرح صحيح البخاري)
--- al-Salat wa'l Bashar fi'l Salat 'ala Khayri'l Bashar;
(الصلات والبشر، في الصلاة على خير البشر)
--- 'Uddat al-Ahkam fi Sharh 'Umdat al-Ahkam;
(عدة الحكام، في شرح عمدة الأحكام)
He died in 817 Hijri / 1414 CE.