ABOUT SUNAN ABU DAWUD:
This Sunan Abu Dawud is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), collected by Abu Dawud. Abu Dawud compiled twenty-one books related to Hadith and preferred those ahadith which were supported by the example of the companions of Muhammad. As for the contradictory ahadith, he states under the heading of 'Meat acquired by hunting for a pilgrim': "if there are two contradictory reports from the Prophet (SAW), an investigation should be made to establish what his companions have adopted". He wrote in his letter to the people of Mecca "I have disclosed wherever there was too much weakness in regard to any tradition in my collection. But if I happen to leave a Hadith without any comment, it should be considered as sound, albeit some of them are more authentic than others". Hadith Mursal (a tradition in which a companion is omitted and a successor narrates directly from the prophet) has also been a matter of discussion among the traditionists. Abu Dawud states in his letter to the people of Mecca: "if a Musnad Hadith (uninterrupted tradition) is not contrary to a Mursal or a Musnad Hadith is not found, then the Mursal Hadith will be accepted though it would not be considered as strong as a Muttasil Hadith (uninterrupted chain)".
The traditions in Sunan Abu Dawud are divided in three categories. The first category consists of those traditions that are mentioned by Bukhari and/or Muslim. The second type of traditions are those which fulfil the conditions of Bukhari or Muslim. At this juncture, it should be remembered that Bukhari said, "I only included in my book Sahih Bukhari authentic traditions, and left out many more authentic ones than these to avoid unnecessary length". Abu Dawud collected 500,000 hadith, but included only 4,800 in this collection. It is regard this collection as fourth in strength of the six major hadith collections. It took Abu Dawud 20 years to collect the hadiths. He made a series of journeys to meet most of the foremost traditionists of his time and acquired from them the most reliable hadiths, quoting sources through which it reached him. Since the author collected hadiths which no one had ever assembled together, his sunan has been accepted as a standard work by scholars from many parts of the Islamic world, especially after Ibn al-Qaysarani's inclusion of it in the formal canonization of the six major collections.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This work stands out uniquely among the other Commentaries of Imam Abi Dawud Sunan. It is by far the most referenced work in relation to Abi Dawud by the scholars of the past and present alike. It contains concise and sometimes in depth explanation, authentication, verification and more in terms of the Ahadith mentioned in this Sunan. al-Khattabi being somewhat contemporary to Abi Dawud and as well as being teacher of several other Hadith scholars of the day has extensive knowledge in fiqh and Hadith.
)معالم السنن شرح سنن أبي داود) فهو من أشهر شروح (سنن أبي داود)، بل من أولها، وتأتي أهمية هذا الشرح من عدة جوانب:
الأول: من أهمية كتاب (سنن أبي داود)، الذي اعتُبر ثالث الكتب الستة بعد الصحيحين، كما قال ابن الأعرابي: (لو أن رجلاً لم يكن عنده من العلم إلا المصحف ثم كتاب أبي داود، لم يحتج معهما إلى شيء من العلم).
الثاني: أن كتاب (معالم السنن) هو من أقدم شروح (سنن أبي داود)، قال الأستاذ محمد منير الدمشقي في (نموذج من الأعمال الخيرية) ص624: الذي يظهر لي من التتبع والاستقراء أن أول من تعرض لشرحه – يعني سنن أبي داود -: أبو سليمان الخطابي، وهو أول من طرق هذا الباب، وأَظْهَرَ نُكتاً لطيفة وتحقيقات شريفة. اهـ
الثالث: احتواء هذا الشرح على مادة علمية غزيرة، مع فوائد في اللغة والنحو والصرف والفروق اللغوية، مع أحكام حديثية على بعض الأحاديث، وإصلاحٍ لبعض أغلاط المحدثين، وشرحٍ للغريب، مع كمٍّ لا بأس به من الآثار المسندة.
الرابع: صار مرجعاً لا يستغني عنه الشراح، فكلُّ مَن شرح (السنن) بعده كان عالة عليه، كما نقل عنه كثير من العلماء في شروحاتهم، كالنووي، وابن حجر، وابن رسلان، والبغوي، وابن القيم، وغيرهم.
الخامس: حِرص مؤلفه أن يكون شرحه نافعاً للجميع، فجعله همزة الوصل بين الفقهاء والمحدثين، فقال: (رجوت أن يكون الفقيه إذا نظر إلى ما أثبتُّه في هذا الكتاب من معاني الحديث، ونهجته من طرق الفقه المتشعبة عنه، دعاه ذلك إلى طلب الحديث وتتبع علمه، وإذا تأمله صاحب الحديث رغَّبَهُ في الفقه وتعلمه).
السادس: حِرصه أن يكون شرحه ليس بالطويل المملِّ، ولا بالقصير المخلِّ، فانتقى من السنن كَمًّا من الأحاديث في كل باب، فشرح غريبها وبين الأحكام الفقهية فيها، وربما تطرق إلى الخلاف الفقهي في بعض المسائل، ويذكر أحياناً بعض الفوائد المستنبطة من الحديث.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is extremely well edited and researched. It contains in depth study on the background of the author, his times, the nature of various commentaries of Sunan Abu Dawud. Edited by group of scholars at the Mu'assassat al-Risalah.
ABOUT IMAM ABU DAWUD:
He is Abu Dawud Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi as-Sijistani, commonly known simply as Abu Dawud, was a noted Persian collector of prophetic hadith, and compiled the third/fourth of the six "canonical" hadith collections, the Sunan Abu Dāwūd.
Abu Dawud was born in Sistan, eastern Iran (then-Persia) and died in 889 in Basra. Widely travelled among scholars of hadith, he went to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Khurasan, Nishapur, and Marv among other places in order to collect hadith. He was primarily interested in jurisprudence, and as a result his collection focused largely on legal hadith. Out of about 500,000 hadith, he chose 4,800 for inclusion in his work. Imam Abu Dawud was a follower of Shafi'i / Hanbali school of jurisprudence. He said "From this book of mine four Hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person. They are: 'Deeds are to be judged only by intentions', 'Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him', 'None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself', 'The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion' "
He wrote some 21 books in total. Some of the most prominent are:
--- Sunan Abu Dāwūd, containing some 4,800 hadith, is his principal work He indicated that all the hadith in his collection were authenticated (sahih) unless specifically marked as unauthenticated (ḍaʿīf). Some scholars (such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani) believe a number of the unmarked ones to be ḍaʿīf as well.
--- Kitab al-Marāsīl, he lists 600 mursal hadith which, after extensive background investigation, he concludes are nonetheless sahih.
--- Risālat Abu Dāwūd ilā Ahli Makkah; his letter to the inhabitants of Makkah describing his Sunan Abu Dāwūd.
ABOUT IMAM ABI SULAYMAN HAMD AL-KHATTABI
He is al-Imam al-'Allamah Abu Sulayman Hamad bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin al-Hattab al-Basti al-Khattabi ash-Shafi'i was born in Bast, Afghanistan the year 319 Hijri. Among his teachers were Ibn al-a'rabi, Imam Ibn Dasah, Imam Mukram bin Ahmad al-Qadi and many more. Among his students were: Imam Abu Hamid al-Asfarayini, Abu Ahmad al-Hakim (the author of al-Mustadrak), Imam al-Karabisi and many more.
He travelled for hadith extensively to Baghdad, Basra, Mecca, Khurasan, and became a proficient scholar in the Shafi'i madhab.
He wrote numerous works among them:
--- Kitab Gharib al-Hadith;
(كتاب غريب الحديث)
--- Ma'alim al-Sunan Sharh Sunan Abi Dawud;
(معالم السنن: شرح سنن أبي داود)
--- A'lam al-Hadith;
--- al-Ghunyah 'an al-Kalam wa Ahlihi;
(الغنية عن الكلام وأهله)
--- A'lam al-Sunan fi Sharh al-Bukhari;
(أعلام السنن في شرح البخاري)
--- Kitab Sha'ni al-Du'a;
(كتاب شأن الدعاء)
--- Kitab Istilah Ghalat al-Muhadithin;
(كتاب اصطلاح غلط المحدثين)
--- Kitab Sharh al-Asma al-Husna,
--- Kitab al-Shujaj
--- Kitab al-Jihad
--- Risalat fi i'Jaz al-Qur'an
--- 'Ilm al-Hadith