ABOUT SUNAN ABU DAWUD:
This Sunan Abu Dawud is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), collected by Abu Dawud. Abu Dawud compiled twenty-one books related to Hadith and preferred those ahadith which were supported by the example of the companions of Muhammad. As for the contradictory ahadith, he states under the heading of 'Meat acquired by hunting for a pilgrim': "if there are two contradictory reports from the Prophet (SAW), an investigation should be made to establish what his companions have adopted". He wrote in his letter to the people of Mecca "I have disclosed wherever there was too much weakness in regard to any tradition in my collection.
But if I happen to leave a Hadith without any comment, it should be considered as sound, albeit some of them are more authentic than others". Hadith Mursal (a tradition in which a companion is omitted and a successor narrates directly from the prophet) has also been a matter of discussion among the traditionists. Abu Dawud states in his letter to the people of Mecca: "if a Musnad Hadith (uninterrupted tradition) is not contrary to a Mursal or a Musnad Hadith is not found, then the Mursal Hadith will be accepted though it would not be considered as strong as a Muttasil Hadith (uninterrupted chain)".
The traditions in Sunan Abu Dawud are divided in three categories. The first category consists of those traditions that are mentioned by Bukhari and/or Muslim. The second type of traditions are those which fulfil the conditions of Bukhari or Muslim. At this juncture, it should be remembered that Bukhari said, "I only included in my book Sahih Bukhari authentic traditions, and left out many more authentic ones than these to avoid unnecessary length". Abu Dawud collected 500,000 hadith, but included only 4,800 in this collection. It is regard this collection as fourth in strength of the six major hadith collections. It took Abu Dawud 20 years to collect the hadiths.
He made a series of journeys to meet most of the foremost traditionists of his time and acquired from them the most reliable hadiths, quoting sources through which it reached him. Since the author collected hadiths which no one had ever assembled together, his sunan has been accepted as a standard work by scholars from many parts of the Islamic world, especially after Ibn al-Qaysarani's inclusion of it in the formal canonization of the six major collections.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is an extensive commentary and one of the most relied upon works in modernity. Well loved for its juristic views that the imam frequently brings to the fore.
عون المعبود على سنن أبي داود هو أحد كتب الحديث، ألفه الشيخ محمد شمس الحق العظيم آبادي (1273 هـ - 1329 هـ)، قام المؤلف في كتابه بشرح سنن أبي داود مركزا على الناحية الفقهية دون إغفال الناحية الحديثية فيه، مبينا فيه أقوال الأئمة.
قال الشيخ محمد شمس الحق العظيم آبادي في مقدمة كتابه
عون المعبود على سنن أبي داود هذه فوائد متفرقة وحواشي نافعة جمعتها من كتب أئمة هذا الشأن رحمهم الله، مقتصرا على حل بعض المطالب العالية وكشف بعض اللغات المغلقة، وتراكيب بعض العبارات، مجتنباً عن الإطالة والتطويل إلا ما شاء الله، وسميتها بعون المعبود على سنن أبي داود تقبل الله مني، والمقصود من هذه الحاشية المباركة الوقوف على معنى الكتاب فقط من غير بحث لترجيح الأحاديث بعضها على بعض إلا على سبيل الإيجاز والاختصار، ومن غير ذكر أدلة المذهب المتبوعة على وجه الاستيعاب إلا في المواضع الذي دعت اليها الحاجة
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is extremely well edited and researched. It contains in depth study on the background of the author, his times, the nature of various commentaries of Sunan Abu Dawud. This print has an editorial work using Shaykh Nasir al-Din al-Albani's works. An excellent print that can be easily stored away whereas other prints are 8 to 10 volumes.
ABOUT IMAM ABU DAWUD:
He is Abu Dawud Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi as-Sijistani, commonly known simply as Abu Dawud, was a noted Persian collector of prophetic hadith, and compiled the third/fourth of the six "canonical" hadith collections, the Sunan Abu Dāwūd.
Abu Dawud was born in Sistan, eastern Iran (then-Persia) and died in 889 in Basra. Widely travelled among scholars of hadith, he went to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Khurasan, Nishapur, and Marv among other places in order to collect hadith. He was primarily interested in jurisprudence, and as a result his collection focused largely on legal hadith. Out of about 500,000 hadith, he chose 4,800 for inclusion in his work. Imam Abu Dawud was a follower of Shafi'i / Hanbali school of jurisprudence. He said "From this book of mine four Hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person. They are: 'Deeds are to be judged only by intentions', 'Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him', 'None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself', 'The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion' "
He wrote some 21 books in total. Some of the most prominent are:
--- Sunan Abu Dāwūd, containing some 4,800 hadith, is his principal work He indicated that all the hadith in his collection were authenticated (sahih) unless specifically marked as unauthenticated (ḍaʿīf). Some scholars (such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani) believe a number of the unmarked ones to be ḍaʿīf as well.
--- Kitab al-Marāsīl, he lists 600 mursal hadith which, after extensive background investigation, he concludes are nonetheless sahih.
--- Risālat Abu Dāwūd ilā Ahli Makkah; his letter to the inhabitants of Makkah describing his Sunan Abu Dāwūd.
ABOUT IMAM SHARF AL-HAQ MUHAMMAD AL-'AZIM ABADI:
He is Imam Abu-al-Tayyab Muhammad Shams-al-Haq bin Shaikh Ameer ‘Ali bin Shaikh Maqsood ‘Ali bin Shaikh Ghulam Haidar bin Shaikh Hedayetullah bin Shaikh Muhammad Zahid bin Shaikh Noor Muhammad bin Shaikh ‘Ala’uddin, also known as Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi, was a prominent scholar of Hadith, from India. He is best known for writing the main commentary upon Sunan Abi Dawud.
He was born in Patna, formerly known as Azimabad, and received his Islamic education from Imam Syed Nazeer Husain. In 1894 he travelled to Mecca and Medina to perform the Hajj, and while there, he also had a chance to meet a number of notable scholars. Among the most important contributions of Azimabadi was the popularization and distribution of hadith and its literature.
Azimabadi had a very extensive library of Islamic manuscripts, which was considered to be among the best in India. He is the author of many books, but his most well known are the commentaries of Sunan Abi Dawud, which is called Ghayat ul-Maqsud in 32 volumes and 'Awn al-Ma'bud in 14 volumes. Azimabadi was also known for his views on the qualifications for a Mujaddid, or redeemer, in Islam; by his reckoning, Al-Suyuti and Murtaḍá al-Zabīdī were two prominent redeemers.
In 1910–11 the entire country was in the grip of an epidemic of plague. In Bihar, Azimabadi’s district, Patna was severely hit by this disease. After visiting the city of Dianwan on 15 March he had himself an attack of plague and after six days, on 21 March 1911 he died at the age of 53.
--- Ghayat ul-Maqsud Sharh Abi Dawud;
--- 'Awn al-Ma'bud 'ala Sharh Sunan Abi Dawud;