ABOUT AL-JAMI' AL-TIRMIDHI:
The Jami' at-Tirmidhi popularly known as Sunan at-Tirmidhi is one of Kutub al-Sittah (the six major hadith collections). It was collected by Abu ʿIsa Muhammad ibn ʿIsa at-Tirmidhi.He began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. (A.D. 864/5) and completed it on the 10 Dhu-al-Hijjah 270 A.H. (A.D. 884, June 9). It contains 3,956 Ahadith, and has been divided into fifty chapters. It is also classified as a Sunan, which implies that the book has been chapterised according to legal chapters, such as Purification, Prayer, Poor-due and Fasting, narrated on the authority of Islamic prophet Muhammad, while the opinions of the companions are usually not mentioned.
Tirmidhi's method was that of placing the heading first, then mentioning one or two Ahadith which were related to the heading. These Ahadith are followed by his opinion as to the status of the Hadith. Subsequently, he mentions the opinions of the different jurists. He also indicates if there were other narrations transmitted by other companions on the same subject. His principal aim was to discuss the legal opinions of early jurists. Tirmidhi mostly mentioned those Ahadith which the jurists used as the basis for their legal decisions and he mentioned which school used which tradition/s. Hence this book became an important source for the different view-points of the various legal schools. The Jami' thus bears the distinction of being one of the oldest texts dealing with the difference of opinion amongst the various jurisprudential schools. The full title of the compilation is:
al-Jami' al-Mukhtasar min al-Sinan 'an Rasul Allah wa ma'rifat al-Sahih wa'l Ma'lul wama 'aleyhi al-'Amal:
الجامع المختصر من السنن عن رسول الله ﷺ ومعرفة الصحيح والمعلول وما عليه العمل
al-Kattani said: "The Jami' of at-Tirmidhi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and al-Jami' al-Kabir.
There are various commentaries and supra commentaries on the collection but some stand out more than the others, some of the popular ones are as follows:
--- Aridhat al-Ahwathi bi Sharh Sunan al-Tirmidhi written Ibn al-Arabi d. 543H (1148-49 CE),
--- Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi of which only the last portion of remains - Sharh 'Ilal at-Tirmidhi - by Ibn Rajab,
--- Commentary on al-Tirmidhi's Hadith Collection by al-Zayn al-Iraqi,
--- Footnotes, including explanation and verification, of approximately the first third of the Sunan by Ahmad Muhammad Shakir,
--- al-ʿUrf al Shadhi Sharh Sunan Al-Tirmidhi by Anwar Shah Kashmiri,
--- Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi bi Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Mubarkafuri, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Muhammad 'Uthman,
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ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is one of the most referenced and used commentary of later day scholars. Based on linguistic commentary, chain assessment, biographical mention and juristic implication of each hadith is discussed herein. The various opinions of the scholars regarding the hadith and its application is mentioned in this commentary.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is extremely well edited and researched. Extensive assessment of the author and his books on the subject is introduced. It is based on the Indian manuscripts.
The entire first volume is an introduction about al-Tirmidhi and its transmitters720 pages of introduction. Followed by a biography of the commentator at page 721-740 written by Abu al-Fadhl Abd al-Sami' al-Mubarakfuri.
وهو كتاب في شرح الحديث وجامع الترمذي أو سنن الترمذي أحد الكتب الصحاح الستة وتحفة الأحوذي شرح على جامع الترمذي فهو يبحث إذا في فقه الحديث الشريف
شرح فيه مصنفه الإسناد والمتن فهو يذكر نسب الراوي ودرجته ومكانته في رواية الحديث ، ويشرح متن الحديث شرحا لغويا ثم يستخرج ما فيه من فوائد علمية وأحكام فقهية ويورد أقوال العلماء وآراءهم وهذه طبعة جديدة مقارنة مع الطبعتين الهندية والمصرية ، مع ملحق خاص بالأحاديث المستدركة من جامع الترمذي
ABOUT IMAM MUHAMMAD 'ISA AL-TIRMIDHI:
He Abu 'Isa Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Sulamai al-Tirmidhi, born in 824 – 9 October 892, was a Persian Hadith scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih (known as Jami` at-Tirmidhi), one of the six canonical hadith compilations. He also wrote Shama'il Muhammadiyah (popularly known as Shama'il at-Tirmidhi), a compilation of hadiths concerning the person and character of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Tirmidhi was also well versed in Arabic grammar, favouring the school of Kufa over Basra due to the former's preservation of Arabic poetry as a primary source. It has been said that he was born blind, but the majority of scholars agree that he became blind later in his life. Tirmidhi's family belonged to the Arab tribe of Banu Sulaym (hence the nisbat "as-Sulami"). His grandfather was originally from Marw (Persian: Merv), but moved to Tirmidh.
Tirmidhi was born during the reign of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. His year of birth has been reported as 209 AH (824/825). Dhahabi only states that Tirmidhi was born near the year 210 AH (825/826), thus some sources give his year of birth as 210 AH. Some sources indicate that he was born in Mecca.
Tirmidhi reported hadith from 42 Kufan teachers. In his Jami`, he used more reports from Kufan teachers than from teachers of any other town. Tirmidhi was a pupil of al-Bukhari, who was based in Khurasan. Dhahabi wrote, "His knowledge of hadith came from al-Bukhari." Tirmidhi mentioned al-Bukhari's name 114 times in his Jami`. He used al-Bukhari's Kitab at-Tarikh as a source when mentioning discrepancies in the text of a hadith or its transmitters, and praised al-Bukhari as being the most knowledgeable person in Iraq or Khurasan in the science of discrepancies of hadith. Bukhari held Tirmidhi in high regard as well. He is reported to have told Tirmidhi, "I have profited more from you than you have from me," and in his Sahih he narrated two hadith from at-Tirmidhi. Tirmidhi also narrated some hadiths from Abu Dawud, and one from Muslim. Muslim also narrated one hadith from at-Tirmidhi in his own Sahih.
SOME OF TIRMIDHI'S WORKS:
--- al-Jami` al-Mukhtasar min al-Sunan `an Rasulillah, known as “Jami` At-Tirmidhi)
--- al-`Ilal al-Sughra,
--- al-`Ilal al-Kubra,
--- al-Shama’il al-Nabawiyyah wa'l Fada’il al-Mustafawiyyah, or popularly known as al-Shama'il al-Muhammadiyyah.
--- al-Asma’ wa al-Kuna,
--- Kitab At-Tarikh.
Tirmidhi was blind in the last two years of his life, according to Dhahabi. His blindness is said to have been the consequence of excessive weeping, either due to fear of God or over the death of al-Bukhari. He died on Monday night, 13 Rajab 279 AH / Sunday night, 8 October 892 in Bugh.
Tirmidhi is buried on the outskirts of Sherobod, a 60 kilometers north of Termez in Uzbekistan. In Termez he is locally known as Abu Isa at-Termezi or "Termez Ota" ("Father of Termez").