ABOUT QATR AL-NADA:
This book is a master book on the science of Arabic grammar by the great linguist and grammarian Jamal al-Din Ibn Hisham al-Ansari (708/1309 - 761/1360). He later wrote a commentary on this small text book which is the one that is normally studied title simply Sharh Qatr al-Nada waballu al-Sada. This work is slightly based on his other masterpiece Shudhur al-Dhahab fi Ma'rifat Kalam al-'Arab. This title is intermediately title usually read or studied after the Ajurrumiyyah.
كتاب شرح قطر الندى وبل الصدى هو كتاب في علم النحو مؤلفه ابن هشام الأنصاري، من أئمة اللغة العربية، يتكون من أصل وشرح لنفس المؤلف، فالأصل هو متن: قطر الندى وبل الصدى، والشرح هو شرح لنفس المتن، ويتضمن معظم أبواب النحو بصورة قريبة من كتاب شذور الذهب في معرفة كلام العرب، من حيث الطرح وترتيب العناوين، إلا أنه أقل منه تفصيلا، بما يجعله أنسب للقارئ والمتعلم، في أو سط مراحل التعليم. يبدء بالكلمة، وينتهي بهمزة الوصل، يقول مؤلف قطر الندى في أوله: «بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم، الكلمة قول مفرد، وهي: اسم وفعل وحرف، فأما الاسم؛ فيعرف بأل...».
ويعتبر متن: قطر الندى موجزا تتلخص فيه قواعد نحوية بصيغة مختصرة، والشرح هو توضيح لمحتوى عبارات المتن، وبيان ما يقصد منها، ويتضمن التقسيمات والتفاصيل، ويذكر الشواهد. ويعد الكتاب أحد المراجع النحوية.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is an Hashiyah by the great Iraqian Mufassar Imam al-Alusi which is finished or completed by his own son Imam Nu'man al-Alusi. This is indeed one of the larger commentaries written by a master of Nahw and Tafsir..
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is well edited and the text of ibn Hisham separated from that of al-Alusi. Easy to follow and reference. Very large font and bold text.
ABOUT IMAM JAMAL AL-DIN ABD ALLAH IBN HISHAM:
He was al-'Allamah, al-shaykh Abu Muhammad 'Abd Allah Jamal al-Din bin Ahmad bin 'Abd Allah bin Hisham al-Ansari was born in the month of Dhul Qihdah 708 Hijri, which is in agreement with 1309 A.D. He was born in Egypt. He quickly became a lover of knowledge as young age and would just sit with scholars and in the circles of study.
Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani mentions him in his book al-Durar al-Kamina that he took knowledge from all the great scholars of his time such as Taj al-Tabrizi, Taj al-Fakahani, Shuhab ibn al-Marhal and Ibn Jama'ah. His students didn't become well known but however it was testified that a lot of scholars from Egypt took from him.
He quickly became famous for his works in the science of Arabic grammar, such as:
--- Mughni al-Labib 'an Kutub al-A'arib,
(مغني اللبيب عن كتب الأعاريب)
--- Awdhah al-Masalik ila Alfiyyat ibn Malik.
(أوضح المسالك إلى ألفية ابن مالك)
--- Qatru al-Nada waballu al-Sada,
(قطر الندى و بل الصدى)
--- Sharh Qatru al-Nada waballu al-Sada; which is his own commentary on the above,
(شرح قطر الندى و بل الصدى)
--- Shudhur al-Dhahab fi Ma'rifat Kalam al-'Arab;
(شذور الذهب في معرفة كلام العرب)
--- Shudhur al-Dhahab fi Ma'rifat Kalam al-'Arab; which is his own commentary on the above,
(شرح شذور الذهب فى معرفة كلام العرب)
--- Sharh al-Burdah.
--- al-I'rab 'an Qawa'id al-I'rab;
(الإعراب عن قواعد الإعراب)
--- al-Tadhkirah; Suyuti mentions this to be 15 volumes!
--- al-Tahsil wa'l Tafsil li Kitab al-Tadhyil wa'l Takmil;
(التحصيل والتفصيل لكتاب التذييل والتكميل)
--- al-Jami' al-Saghir;
--- al-Jami' al-Kabir;
He wrote over 28 titles or works in regards to Nahw, Sarf and Lughah, all being in the science of Arabic Grammar.
His fame was not limited to Egypt but quickly reached in the lands of east and west. While mentioning this, Imam Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani quotes ibn Khaldum saying: 'Everywhere we went in Morocco we would hear that there has come from Egypt an unparalleled scholar in the science of Arabic Grammar, not even reached by Sibawayh'. He was a Shafi'i in Madh-hab and later became lenient towards the Hanbali Madh-hab.
He passed away in friday evening 5th of Dhil Qa'dah 761 which is in agreement with 1360 A.D.
ABOUT IMAM SHIHAB AL-SIN ABI AL-THANA MAHMUD AL-ALUSI:
He was Abu al-Thana', Shihabudin Mahmud bin 'Abd Allah bin Mahmud bin Darwish al-Husayni al-Hasani al-Baghdadi al-Alusi. He was born in Baghdad in the year of 1217 Hijri (1802). His fathers mother was a descendant of al-Hassan progeny. His teachers included his father who early on taught him lughah and fiqh books of the Hanafis and Shafi'is. He quickly memorised all he learned. He then was entrusted to various senior scholars of Iraq by his father. He initially learned and practiced according to Shafi'i Madhab and later moved on to Hanafi Madhab.
He was given a teaching position and he gave Fatwa at the age of thirteen. He later produced many scholars and taught many more.
ABOUT HIS WORKS:
--- Rūḥ al-ma‘ānī fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘aẓīm wa-al-sab‘ al-mathānī;
(روح المعاني في تفسير القرآن العظيم والسبع المثاني),
--- Nashwat al-shamūl fī al-safar ilā Islāmbūl
(نشوة الشمول في السفر إلى إسلامبول),
--- Nashwat al-mudām fī al-‘awd ilá Madīnat al-Salām
(نشوة المدام في العود إلي مدينة السلام),
--- al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘alá al-as’ilah al-Lāhūrīyah
(الأجوبة العراقية على الأسئلة اللاهورية),
--- al-Ajwibah al-‘Irāqīyah ‘an al-as’ilah al-Īrānīyah
(الأجوبة العراقية عن الأسئلة الإيرانية),
--- Ibna' al-Abna bi Atib al-Anba', a advice epistle for his students or kids,
--- Hashiyat Qadr al-Nada',
(حَاشِيَة الْآلُوسِي علَى شَرَح قَطْرُ النَدَى وَبَلُّ الصَّدَى)
--- Daqa'iq al-Tafsir,
--- Sufrat al-Zad li Safarat al-Jihad,
--- and many more works.
He passed on a Friday on the 25th of Dhil Qa'dah 1270 (1854). His biography was compiled by his student 'Abd al-Fatah al-Shawaf and he titled it as; Hadiqat al-Wurud fi Tarjumat abi al-Thana' Mahmud.
ABOUT IMAM NU'MAN B. MAHMUD AL-ALUSI:
He was al-Allamah Nu'man b. Abi al-Thana', Shihab al-Din Mahmud bin 'Abd Allah bin Mahmud bin Darwish al-Husayni al-Hasani al-Baghdadi al-Alusi born to the great Mufassir of Badhdad, the author of Ruh al-Ma'ani. He was born in 1252 hijri / 1838 CE. He studied under his father then travelled for Hajj and visited Cairo thereafter. He was well learned and followed the methodology of his father in mastership of the islamic sciences.
He wrote many works such as;
--- al-Tarif wa'l Talid fi Ikmal Hashiyat al-Walid 'ala Sharh Qatr al-Nada waballu al-Sada; This is his fathers Hashiyah which he completed,
--- jala' al-'Aynayn fi Mahakimat al-Ahmadayn; refuting Ibn Hajar al-Haytami on issues related to Ibn Taymiyyah
--- al-Jawab al-Fasih lima Lafaqahu 'Abd al-Masih;
--- Ghaliyat al-Mawa'iz,
--- Sadiq al-Fajrayn; on Ali and Mu'awiyyah,
--- Shiqa'iq al-Nu'man; refutations on some of his contemprories,
--- Sulas al-Ghaniyat fi Dhawat al-Tarfayn min al-Kalimat.
He passed away in the 7th day of al-Muharram 1317 Hijri/ 1899 CE.