This book is al-Ājrūmīya (Arabic: الْآجُرُّومِيَّةِ) in full Al-Muqaddimah al-Ajurrumiyyah fi Mabadi’ Ilm al-Arabiyyah is a 13th-century book of Arabic grammar (نحو عربي naḥw ʿarabī). Written in verse for easy memorization, it formed the foundation of a beginner's education in Classical Arabic learning in Arab societies of the time and was one of the first books to be memorized after the Qur'an along with the Alfiya. It was written by the Moroccan Berber Abu 'Abd Allah Sidi Muhammad ibn Da'ud as-Sanhaji (aka "Ibn Ajarrum") (d. 1324). The "Ājrūmīya" is a well-known and useful compendium of Arabic Syntax. It is regarded by the Arabs themselves as a standard educational work.
المطالب السنية على الفواكه الجنية والتتمة القيمة في حل وفك معاني ومباني الآجرومية
كتاب لمع سناه، وشعَّ ضياه، فأنار الدجى لأولي الحجا، كتاب لاحت أنواره وشاعت أسراره، عنوانه ينبيك عن مضمونه، ومتى تصفحته.. اغترفت من معينه. لهذا الكتاب قصة وحكاية، يصلح أن يتناولها أهل الرواية؛ لما فيه من العجب لأهل الطلب، حوى أسراراً في قصة تأليفه، وفي مبناه وترتيبه.
لقد ألف الحافظ السيوطي رحمه الله كتاب « الأشباه والنظائر » وتركه لحاجته إلى تتميم بعض أموره، ففقده بعد سنوات، فأعاد تأليفه من جديد، ومؤلِّفنا في هذا الكتاب الجامع النافع ألفه لما كان في بلده، وأُخرج منها ففقده مع ما فقد من الكتب، فأعاد تأليفه.
أما ما يتضمن هذا الكتاب.. فقد جمع كتباً عدة: كتاب « متممة الآجرومية » للعلامة الحطاب الرعيني المالكي المتوفى سنة (954 هـ) رحمه الله تعالى؛ حيث سلك سبيل الإيجاز والاختصار، فتمم مباحث « الآجرومية ».
ثم جاء العلامة الفاكهي المكي الشافعي المتوفى سنة (972 هـ) رحمه الله تعالى، فشرح هذه « المتممة » شرحاً لطيفاً، قرر فيه المعاني وحرر المباني، ووضحه بالحدود والأمثلة والشواهد، دون إطناب أو تطويل. ثم جاء علامة زمانه وسيبويه عصره العلامة الأمين الهرري ـ أمد الله في عمره وبارك في حياته ـ فوضع شرحاً على « المتممة »، ثم حاشية على « شرح الفاكهي »، ثم أعرب متن « المتممة »، وجعل الكل في كتاب واحد، فكأن مكتبة النحو حواها هذا السِّفر، وسماه « المطالب السنية والتتمة القيمة » وأهداه لطلاب العربية؛ ليكون لهم نبراساً يهتدون به، ويردون معينه. فالنحو ختان الألسنة، وجمال الأجلة، وكمال الفصاحة، وحلية العلوم الشرعية، ومفتاح الكتاب والسنة، ومن حرم منه.. فقد حُرم الحكمة.
ولله در القائل:
النحوُ يبسطُ من لسان الألْكَنِ
والمرءُ تكرمُه إذا لم يلحَنِ
وإذا أردتَ من العلوم أجلَّها
فأجلُّها عندي مقيمُ الألسُنِ
وكما عودنا قراءنا بتقديم كل جديد، وطبع ما هو مفيد، نهدي إليهم هذه الدرة الغالية، وهذا العِلق النفيس، أربعة كتب في كتاب.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is one of the better studies commentaries of the Ajurrumiyyah, popularly known as Mutammimah. The Mutammimah has enjoyed a wide popularity and this volume is an early commentary of al-Hattabs masterpiece. It also contains an additional commentary and annotation by Shaykh Muhammad al-Harari.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is extremely well edited and researched. It has an additional notes and commentary of Shaykh al-Harari, making this more valuable. It contains extensive biographical and historical assessment of the work.
ABOUT IMAM AL-AJURUM:
He was Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Dawud As-Sinhaji better known by the name of Ibn Ajurum. His name Sinhaji is a tribe in the Maghrib. Ibn Ajurum was born in the city of Fez, Morocco in the year 672 H. This is also the year wherein the other Nahw expert Imam Ibn Malik, the author of Alfiyah died.
Initially, Ibn Ajurum Fas studying in the city, and then he set out on the pilgrimage to Mecca. When passing through Cairo, he studied Nahw with Abu Hayyan, an expert in Andalus, until he graduated with him. Imam Ibn Ajurum compiled his famed work Muqadimat al-Ajurrumiyyah compiled in the year 719 H, four years before he died. It was said that Imam Ibn Ajurum wrote this famed work infront of the Ka'bah, as mentioned by al-Ra'i and Ibn al-Haj. It also reported that when he finished it he threw it in the ocean saying "If indeed this book was written in Sincerity to Allah, then surely it will survive." It has indeed survived to the extend where less of the author is known but the work is universally accepted.
Ibn Ajurum rahimahullah died in the city of Fez on Monday, the 10th of Safar 723 AH.
ABOUT IMAM AL-HATTAB AR-RU'AYNI:
He was Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Abd al-Rahman ar-Ru'ayni at-Tarabulsi al-Hattab al-Ru'yani (902 AH – 954 AH) more commonly referred to in Islamic scholarship as al-Hattab or Imam al-Hattab, was a 16th-century CE Muslim jurist from Tripoli, the capital of modern-day Libya. Al-Hattab was a scholar of the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh). His book Mawahib al-Jalil, which was one of the first major commentaries on Khalil's Mukhtassar (Concise Text), is considered as one of the best and most thorough commentaries in the Maliki school of law.
Al-Hattab was born in Mecca on the 18th of Ramadan (the Muslim holy month of fasting) in 902 AH (May 21, 1497 CE). His lineage was from the Andalusian Ru'yani family, which immigrated from Andalusia to Tripolitania and was known for its scholars. His father of the same name Muhammad al-Hattab emigrated to Mecca with his entire family during the weakening of the Hafsid dynasty's rule in Tripoli before the conquest of North Africa by Habsburg Spain. Al-Hattab is sometimes referred to as al-Hattab al-Saghir (Al-Hattab the Younger) to differentiate him from his father, and was the oldest of his three children. He is also sometimes known as Hattab al-Abb (Hattab the Father), whilst his father is Hattab al-Jadd (Hattab the Grandfather), and his most famous son Yahya who was also a scholar is known as Hattab al-Ibn (Hattab the Son).
Al-Hattab initially studied under his father, who held a religious title in Mecca. He learned the Quran from a young age. He also studied hadith under the direct students of some of the most important scholars in Islamic history such as al-Suyuti, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and al-Sakhawi. Muhammad studied most of the other Islamic sciences from his father however, who was himself a respected scholar in his own right and a student of Al-Sakhawi. Al-Hattab took his fiqh (jurisprudence) in particular from his father, a field in which he was to later excel and become famous. He studied many texts under his tutelage including the Muwatta of Imam Malik, the Mudawwana of Sahnun, the Risala of Ibn Abi Zayd, the Tamhid of Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, the Muqaddimaat of Ibn Rushd, the Dhakira of al-Qarafi, the Sharh al-'Umda of al-Fakihani, the Mukhtassar of Khalil as well as many other prime texts of the Maliki school.
Al-Hattab later began a period of travel through the Islamic world both East and West. He spent a period of time studying in Egypt in particular but later moved back to Tripoli with his father. When he returned to Tripoli, his study circles became so popular that many Sufis in the city preferred to attend his lessons over their sessions of remembrance (dhikr). He spent much of his time taking care of his father during this period of his life. Al-Hattab died at a relatively young age, and there are different accounts as to where he actually died, whether in Mecca or in Tripoli.
His intellectual legacy is best embodied in his works of Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh).
---Mawahib al-Jalil fi Sharh Mukhtasar al-Khalil; in particular is one of the important texts in Maliki fiqh and is widely regarded as the best commentary on the Concise Text of Khalil.
--- Qurrat al-'Ayn bi Sharh Waraqat Imam al-Haramayn; which is a short text that expounds on the Waraqat of Imam al-Juwayni, a key text in Usul (Islamic Legal Methodology).
--- Tahrir al-Kalam fi Masa'il al-Iltizam;
--- Hidayat al-Salik al-Muhtaj;
--- Sharh Nazm Naza'ir Risalat al-Qayrawani;
--- Mutammimat al-Ajurrumiyyah.
He passed away in 954, at the age of 54 in Tripoli.
ABOUT IMAM AL-FAKIHI:
His name is Abd Allah b. Ahmed b. Ali b. Muhammad b. Ali Nur al-Din al-Fakihi born in Mecca 899 Hijri. He excelled in fiqh as well as in Nahw and its various sciences. He was also an expert in Hadith and prose. He was born in to a family of knowledge, his brother Abd al-Qadir was known for excessive writing. They were born to an Abyssinian mother. al-Fakihi would be later on known as the Sibawayh of his time.
He wrote many text some of them are;
--- Sharh al-Ajurrumiyyah,
--- Sharh 'ala Mutammimat;
--- Mujib al-Nada 'ala Qatr al-Nada li ibn Hisham; written when he was 18 years of age
--- Kashf al-Niqab 'ala Qasidat al-Mulhat li abi al-Qasim,
--- Kitab al-Hudud fi'l Nahw
--- Sharh al-Hudud
He died in Mecca 972 Hijri.
ABOUT SHAYKH MUHAMMAD AL-AMIN AL-HARARI:
He is Muhammad Amin b. Abd Allah b. Yusuf b. Hassan, Abu Yasin, from the Oroma, 'Alawi in descent and Ethiopian by nationality, specifically from Harar. He was born in the ancient town of Harar on a Friday Dhil Hijjah in the year of 1348 Hijri (April 1930). He was raised by his father as his mother died while he was but a baby. He started his islamic studies at the age of four and at the age of six he memorised the entire Qur'an.
Among the works he memorised early on was;
'Aqidat al-Awam of Shaykh Ahmed al-Marzuq, and al-Sughra, or Sughra al-Sughra, and al-Kubra, or Kubra al-Kubra by Imam al-Sanusi (Sanusiyyah).
Mukhtasar BaFadhl al-Hadrami, Mukhtasar Abi Shuja', Kifayat al-Akhyar, Umdat al-Salik, Zubad Ibn Raslan, and he also read most of the Shafi'i fiqh manuals such as al-Minhaj, and several of its commentaries such as Mughni al-Muhtaj, al-Manhaj, Fathul al-Wahhab.
He travelled thereafter for knowledge to various countries such as; Diradawa, Ethiopia, to study with Sibaweh of his time Shaykh Musa b. Muhammad al-Addyili. Initially he studied with him the commentary of al-Mahalli on al-Minhaj then after he further his Arabic studies with several text books such as Matn al-Ujrumiyyah, Mulhat al-'Irab, Qadr al-Nada, Alfiyyah Ibn Malik. Each of these works he also studies their popular commentaries. He then proceeded to study Sarf the books such as; Mulhat al-I'rab, Lamiyat al-Af'al, al-Sulam, al-Jawhar al-Maknunah and many other Sarf/Balaghah works.
He then after proceeded to several other scholars in his country to study with them most of the Hadith works or the Sunans wherein he received Ijazah, and some of these works he memorised. He was known to study from Fajr till Isha for 14 consecutive years. He thereafter did half of that but continued travelling and amassing knowledge.
He is known to be a prolific author in the sense that he wrote allot. Some of his works are;
--- Hada'iq al-Rawhi wa'l Rayhan fi Rawabi Ulum al-Qur'an; in 33 volumes,
--- al-Bakurah al-Janiyyah fi I'rab Matn al-Ajrumiyyah,
--- Raf' al-Hijab 'an Mukhayyamat ma'ani Kashf al-Niqab 'an Mikhdarat Mulhat al-I'rab,
--- al-Fatuhat al-Qayumiyyah fi Halli wafak Ma'ani wamabani Matn al-Ajrumiyyah,
--- al-Sur al-'Aqliyyah 'ala Tarajim al-Alfiyyat wa Mushkilatiha li Ibn Malik,
--- ad-Durar al-Bahiyyat fi I'rab Amthilat al-Ajrumiyyat
--- Muhnika al-Atfal min Ma'ani Lamiyat al-Af'al,
--- al-Nahr al-Jari 'ala Tarajim al-Bukhari wa Mushkilatihi,
--- Raf' al-Sudur Ala Sunan Abi Dawud,
--- al-Kawkab al-Wahhaj wa'l Rawdh al-Bahhaj fi Sharh Sahih Muslim b. al-Hajjaj; in 26 volumes,
--- Murshid Dhuwi'l al-Haja wa'l Hajah 'ala Sunan Ibn Majah,
--- al-Taqrirat ala Bulugh al-Maram fi Taqasim al-Ahadith
USUL / FIQH:
--- al-Taqrirat Ala Sharh al-Mahalli ala Jam' al-Jawami' fi' Usul,
--- Sulam al-Mi'raj ala Muqadimat al-Minhaj,
--- al-Taqrirat ala Sharh al-Mahalli wa Hashiyati al-Qalyubi wa 'umayrah ala al-Minhaj,
--- al-Imdad min Rabb al-'Ibad Hashiyat ala fath al-Jawad ala matn al-Irshad,
--- Adhwa' al-Masalik ala Umdat al-Salik,
SIRAH / MADA'IH:
--- Nayl al-Marad,
--- al-Bayan al-Sarih ala Burdat al-Madih lil Busairi,
--- al-Taqrirat ala Hamziyat al-Busairi,
--- al-Thamarat al-Janiyyah min Qitaf Matn al-Bayquniyah,
--- Jawharat al-Durar ala Alfiyyat al-Athar li Abd al-Rahman al-Suyuti,
TAWHID / AQIDAH:
--- Hadyat al-Adhkiya' ala Tayyibat al-Asma' fi Tawhid al-Asma' wa'l Sifat,
--- Fath al-Malik al-'Allam fi 'Aqa'id Ahl al-Islam ala Dhu' al-Kitab wa'l Sunnah,
He moved to Saudi in 1978 and settled in Mekkah due to the conflict that arose in Ethiopia because of the communist takeover. Much of the Oromo and Somali muslims were targeted and killed. He settled in Madrasat al-Khayriyyah in 1980 and also taught at the Haram. He now lives in Mekkah and teaches there and due to his fast knowledge and accumulated Asanid, many of the students/scholars flock to his circle.