ABOUT AL-ARBA'IN OF AL-NAWAWI:
The collection of Forty Hadith by al-Imam al-Nawawi (or Imam Nawawi) has been known, accepted and appreciated by Muslim scholars for the last seven centuries. Its significance lay in the fact that these selected forty hadiths comprise the main essential and fundamental concepts of Islam which, in turn, construct the minimum level of required revealed knowledge for every single Muslim. Since having good knowledge of the various fundamental aspects of the religion is key to a Muslim's practice and application of Islam.
There are practical commentaries to the collection of Imam Nawawi's Forty Hadith. Various principles are contained in these hadiths, such as belief, Muslim ethics and fiqh. As such, it is very important to have a good understanding of these hadiths based on scholarly interpretations. In addition, these commentaries also try to offer discussions on related contemporary issues pertaining to certain concepts mentioned in these hadiths.
POPULAR COMMENTARIES OF THE ARBA'IN:
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; By the author himself, Imam Nawawi (d. 676),
--- al-Ta'yin fi Sharh al-Arba'in; by Imam al-Tufi, Sulayman b. Abd al-Qawi (d. 710),
--- al-Manhaj al-Mubin fi Sharh al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyyah; 'Umar b. Ali al-Fakahani (d. 731),
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; by Mas'ud b. Umar al-Taftazani (d. 793),
--- Jami' al-'Ulum wa'l Hikam fi Sharh Khamsin min Jawami' al-Kalim; by Imam Abd al-Rahman b. Ahmed Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (d. 795),
--- al-Mu'in 'ala Tafahumi al-Arba'in; By Imam Umar b. Ali Ibn al-Mulaqqin (d. 804),
--- al-Tabyin fi Sharh al-Arba'in; By Imam Muhammad b. Abd al-Aziz Ibn Jama'ah (d. 819),
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; By Abi al-Fadhl Ahmed Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (d. 852)
--- al-Fath al-Mubin bi Sharh al-Arba'in; By Imam Ahmed b. Muhammad Ibn Hajar al-Haytami (d. 973),
--- al-Majalis al-Saniyyah fi'l Kalam ala al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyyah; Ahmed Ibn Hijazi al-Fashni (d. 978),
CLICK HERE TO SEE ALL THE TITLES WE STOCK ON AL-ARBA'IN
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is an extensive commentary written in the end of 7th century Hijri by the Hadith expert and erudite scholar Ibn al-Mulaqqin. The commentator tends to explain each hadith with another hadith or verse then followed by assessment of the transmissions. He uses allot of poetries sometimes to explain a linguistic issue. One of the best commentaries in earlier times.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is based one manuscript and much of the checks are also based on Ibn al-Mulaqqin's other works wherein he refenrences this work frequently. The editor has sourced the ahadith mention by Ibn al-Mulaqqin extensively. He also took an effort in referencing many of the positions in fiqh that has been mentioned by the commentator. He took an extra effort in detailing the biographical background and in which context Ibn al-Mulaqqin wrote this work.
ABOUT IMAM AL-NAWAWI:
He is bu Zakariya Muhiy ad-Din Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, popularly known as al-Nawawi, an-Nawawi or Imam Nawawi (631–676 A.H./1234–1277), was an influential Sunni Shafi'i jurist and hadith scholar. He authored numerous and lengthy works ranging from hadith, to theology, biography, and jurisprudence. His complete name is Abu Zakaria Muhyidin Yahya ibn Sharaf ibn Marri ibn Hassan ibn Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Juma ibn Hazm An-Nawawi. He was born at Nawa near Damascus, Syria.
Shaikh Yasin bin Yusuf Marakashi, says: "I saw Imam Nawawi at Nawa when he was a youth of ten years of age. Other boys of his age used to force him to play with them, but Imam Nawawi would always avoid the play and would remain busy with the recitation of the Noble Qur'an. When they tried to domineer and insisted on his joining their games, he bewailed and expressed his no concern over their foolish action. On observing his sagacity and profundity, a special love and affection developed in my heart for young Nawawi. I approached his teacher and urged him to take exceptional care of this lad as he was to become a great religious scholar. His teacher asked whether I was a soothsayer or an astrologer. I told him I am neither soothsayer nor an astrologer but Allah caused me to utter these words." His teacher conveyed this incident to Imam's father and he keeping in view the learning quest of his son, decided to dedicate the life of his son for the service and promotion of the cause of Islam.
Imam Nawawi joined Madrasah Rawahiyah which was affiliated with the Ummi University. Imam Nawawi says; "I studied in this institution for two years. During my stay in Madrasah Rawahiyah, I never had complete rest and lived on the limited food supplied by the institution." As a routine he used to sleep very little at night. When it became irresistible as a human being, he would lean and slumber for a while against the support of books. After a short duration he would again be hard at his scholastic pursuits. He studied in Damascus from the age of 18 and after making the pilgrimage in 1253 he settled there as a private scholar. From a young age he showed signs of great intelligence, and so his father paid for a good education. As a judge, he was much sought after for advice and adjudication of disputes.
His teachers were regarded as masters and authority of their subject field and disciplines they taught. Imam Nawawi studied Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, its principles, syntax and Etymology from great scholars of his time. Abu Ibrahim Ishaq bin Ahmad AI-Maghribi, Abu Muhammad Abdur-Rahman bin Ibrahim Al-Fazari, Radiyuddin Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Abu Hafs Umar bin Mudar Al-Mudari, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Isa Al-Muradi, Abul-Baqa Khalid bin Yusuf An-Nablusi, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Salim Al-Misri, Abu Abdullah Al-Jiyani, Abul-Fath Umar bin Bandar, Abu Muhammad At-Tanukhi, Sharafuddin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad Al-Ansari, Abul-Faraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Maqdisi, Abul-Fada'il Sallar bin Al-Hasan Al Arbali.
His students likewise became renowned and well sought after, some of whom were; 'Ala Uddin ibn al-'Attar, Ibn Abbas Ahmad bin Ibrahim, Abul-Abbas Al-Ja'fari, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Farah, Rashid Ismail bin Mu'allim Al-Hanafi, Abu Abdullah Al-Hanbali, AbulAbbas Al-Wasti, Jamaluddin Sulaiman bin Omar Az-Zar'i, AbulFaraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Abdul-Hamid AlMaqdisi, Badr Muhammad bin Ibrahim, Shamsuddin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, Ash-Shihab Muhammad bin Abdul-Khaliq, Hibatullah Al-Barizi, Abul-Hajjaj Yusuf bin Az-Zaki.
His written works as well as published works are so many that almost all of them have been warmly received by scholars and students alike. Some of his well known and celebrated works are;
--- Al Minhaj bi Sharh Sahih Muslim شرح صحيح مسلم, making use of others before him, and is considered one of the best commentaries on Sahih Muslim. It is available online.
--- Riyadh as-Salihin رياض الصالحين, is a collection of hadith on ethics, manners, conduct, and is very popular in the Muslim world today.
--- al-Majmu' sharh al-Muhadhdhab المجموع شرح المهذب, is a comprehensive manual of Islamic law according to the Shafi'i school.
--- Minhaj al-Talibin منهاج الطالبين وعمدة المفتين في فقه الإمام الشافعي, a classical manual on Islamic Law according to Shafi'i fiqh.
--- Tahdhib al-Asma wal-Lughat تهذيب الأسماء,
--- Taqrib al-Taisir التقريب والتيسير لمعرفة سنن البشير النذير, an introduction to the study of hadith, it is an extension of Ibn al-Salah's Muqaddimah, with Suyuti's commentary "Tadrib al-Rawi" it is most popular,
--- Forty Hadiths (al-arba'in al-nawawiyya) الأربعون النووية, collection of forty (actually forty-two) fundamental traditions, frequently published along with numerous commentaries.
--- Ma Tamas ilayhi hajat al-Qari li Sahih al-Bukhari ما تمس إليه حاجة القاري لصـحيح البـخاري,
--- Tahrir al-Tanbih تحرير التنبيه,
--- Kitab al-Adhkar الأذكار المنتخبة من كلام سيد الأبرار, is a collection of supplications of prophet Muhammad.
--- al-Tibyan fi adab Hamalat al-Quran التبيان في آداب حملة القرآن,
--- Adab al-fatwa wa al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti آداب الفتوى والمفتي والمستفتي,
--- al-Tarkhis fi al-Qiyam الترخيص بالقيام لذوي الفضل والمزية من أهل الإسلام,
--- Manasik متن الإيضاح في المناسك, on Hajj rituals.
--- Sharh Sunan Abu Da'ud; الإيجاز في شرح سنن أبي داود السَّجِستاني
--- Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari
--- Mukhtasar at-Tirmidhi
--- Tabaqat ash-Shafi'iyah
--- Rawdhat al-Talibeen
--- Bustan al-`arifin
and many more works.
He died at Nawa at a relatively young age, having never married. An-Nawawi's lasting legacy is his contribution to hadith literature through his momentous works Forty Hadiths and Riyadh as-Saaliheen. According to Al-Dhahabi, Imam Nawawi's concentration and absorption in academic love gained proverbial fame. He had devoted all his time for learning and scholarship. Other than reading and writing, he spent his time contemplating on the interacted and complex issues and in finding their solutions. Shaykh Muhiyidin expresses his impression about Imam Nawawi as thus: "Imaam an-Nawawi had three distinctive commendable qualities in his person. If anybody has only one out of these three, people turn to him in abundance for guidance. First, having knowledge and its dissemination. Second, to evade completely from the worldly inclinations, and the third, inviting to all that is good (Islam) enjoining virtue and forbidding vice. Imaam an-Nawawi had all three in him."
ABOUT IMAM UMAR IBN AL-MULAQQIN:
'Umar b. 'Ali b. Ahmed b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah, Sirajudin, Abu Hafs, al-Ansari, al-Andalusi, al-Misri al-Shafi'i, popularly known as Ibn al-Mulaqqin. It has been said about him that he disliked the Ibn al-Mulaqqin and it used to anger him when called thus. Talqin of the Qur'an with his shaykh 'Isa is why he was named such a name although he preferred to be called Ibn al-Nahwi, after his father's known expertise of the Arabic grammar. He even wrote his books and letters under that name.
He was born on the month of Rabi' al-Awal in the year 723 Hijri on the 24th day according to his student Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani while al-Sakhawi asserts he was born on the 22nd, per Ibn al-Mulaqqins hand written records. His father was an Andalusian (Spanish) and then moved to Egypt to take knowledge from al-Isnawiy and he later passed away while Ibn al-Mulaqqin was very young and his mother was married by Shaykh 'Isa al-Maghrabi who raised and taught our author. He learned under him the Qur'an as mentioned earlier and memorised it as well as the 'Umdat al-Ahkam. After this he was taught the Maliki Madhab. Ibn Jama'ah advised that Ibn al-Mulaqqin be taught the Shafi'i madhab first per his father wishes (whom he was a close friend) so Ibn al-Mulaqqin was taught the Minhaj al-Talibin and thereafter memorised it.
He studied fiqh with Shaykh al-Islam al-Taqqiy al-Din al-Subki, al-Jamal al-Isnawi, al-Kamal al-Nasha'i and al-'Izz ibn Jama'ah. He then travelled to Syria to learn from the scholars there and left no stone unturned in learning from Scholars there. He also studies under Abu Hayyan, Ibn Hashim al-Ansari and many many more. As for his Students they were the likes of Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Ahmed Abu Zur'ah ibn al-Iraqi, Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Khalil and many more.
He became so well studied that he was given the position to answer any question raised regarding any mas'ala in four schools of fiqh. al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar says about him; 'He was splendid in character and manners, looked and dressed well, he wrote extensively'. He was praised by his peers in his lifetime with words such as; 'al-Imam, al-'Alim, al-Muhadith, al-Hafidh, al-Mutaqqin, The Crown of the Jurists and Muhadithin alike'. He was permitted to teach by Imam al-Mizzi and al-Shams al-'Asqalani. He produced a quantative as well qualative scholars among them being Imam Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani and Ibn Nasir al-Dimishqi. He wrote so much on all the sciences of Islam, that some have suggested that he was a copyist who wrote little himself. This claim has been rebuked by his contemporaries as well those who came later such as Ibn Hajar, al-Shakhawi, al-'Iraqi, al-'Alla'i, Ibn al-'Ajmi and of those who came way later are the likes of al-Shawkani and others.
He wrote the following titles:
--- al-Balghat fi Ahadith al-Ahkam,
--- Tuhfat al-Muhtaj ila Adillat al-Minhaj,
--- Hada'iq al-Haqa'iq,
--- Tabaqat al-Muhadithin,
--- al-'Uddah fi Ma'rifat rijal al-'Umdah,
--- al-I'lam bi Fawa'id 'Umdat al-Ahkam,
--- Shawahid al-Tawdhih fi Sharh al-Jami' al-Sahih,
--- Sharh al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyah,
--- Sharh Zawa'id Muslim ibn al-hajjaj,
--- Sharh Zawa'id Abi Dawud 'Ala al-Sahih,
--- al-Badr al-Munir fi Takhrij al-Ahadith wal Athar al-Waqi'at fi al-Sharh al-Kabir
--- Khulasat al-Badr al-Munir,
--- al-Muntaqa min Khulasat al-Badr al-Munir,
- and many more works.
In 780, in Egypte, due to the highly saught after position of supreme judge, the Imam went through some trials whereby he was tested and envied. He died short while after in Friday night 16th of Rabi' al-Awal 804.