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Mizan al-I'tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal 5 VOLUMES (مِيزَانُ الإِعْتِدَال فِي نَقْدِ الرِّجَال) by Imam Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi
[AUTHOR: Imam Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmed al-Dhahabi (d. 748) | TAHQIQ & DARASAH: M. 'Arqususi | M. Barakat | Ammar Rihawi | Ghiyath | Fadi | COVER: HARD BACKCOVER | 5 VOLUMES | 3165 PAGES | 1st PUBLICATION 2009 | PUBLISHED: al-Risalah al-'Alamiyyah | Damascus/Beirur, Syria/Lebanon]

مِيزَانُ الإِعْتِدَال فِي نَقْدِ الرِّجَال



Imam Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmed al-Dhahabi (d. 748) |

الحافظ أبي عبد الله شمس الدين محمد بن احمد بن عثمان الذهبي ٧٤٨ هـ



M. 'Arqususi | M. Barakat | Ammar Rihawi | Ghiyath | Fadi  |

محمد رضوان عرقسُوسي | محمد بركات | عمَّار رِيحَاوِي | غِياث الحاج أحمد | فادِي المغربي

تعليق وتحقيق



عدد المجلداد: ٥ | عدد الصفحات ٣١٦٥ | الطبعة الأولى: ٢٠٠٩

نوع التجليد


 al-Risalah al-'Alamiyyah | Damascus/Beirur, Syria/Lebanon

الرسالة العالمية | دمشق / بيروت، سوريا / لبنان








Mizan al-I`tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal, an authoritative manual of weak narrators abridging and improving upon Ibn `Adi's al-Kamil fi'l Du`afa', the first work of its kind. In the opening statements of this work Imam al-Dhahabi writes:

"I have included in my book [Mizan al-I`tidal] a great number of trustworthy narrators whom Bukhari and Muslim or others relied upon. I cited them only due to the fact that they had been cited in previous manuals of narrator-discreditation. Not that I saw any weakness in them whatsoever, but I wanted only to make a note that they had been cited. Time and again I still encounter the name of a firmly established, trustworthy narrator about whom some question was raised without consequence for his status. If we were to open wide the door of a certain type of internecine criticism, we would be bringing into it droves of Companions, Successors, and Imams of the Religion.

For some of the Companions declared others disbelievers because of some interpretation on the latter's part. May Allah be well-pleased with all of them and forgive them! They were not immune to sin, nor do their divergences and internecine fighting for causes which normally result in discreditation, provide a precedent in principle for us. Nor did the Khawarij's declaration of apostasy against the Companions affect the reliability of the latter as narrators in the least. On the contrary, the pronouncements of the Khawarij and Shi`a against the Companions became a discreditation for the critics themselves. Consider, then, the immense wisdom of your Lord! We ask Allah to grant us safety.

Likewise, much of the criticism of contemporaries against one another must be sealed up and not reported. I shall now expand on this and say what the criterion is between the accepted and the rejected type of discreditation. As for the Companions, their case is sealed up no matter what took place between them. Our belief and practice is that they are all utterly upright (`udul). As for the Successors, one can hardly find a deliberate liar among them although some of them commit mistakes and errors. Whoever has rare mistakes is nevertheless accepted as an authority. Likewise those considered mines of knowledge even if their mistakes are many, although the imams disagree whether the latter category are considered proofs....As for those whose mistakes and singularities (ghara'ib) are abundant, their narrations do not carry probative weight. This type is hardly found among the early Successors, but more in succeeding generations. Among the students of the Successors are found deliberate liars and those with abundant mistakes and disarray. Consequently, their narrations were discarded."


--- Dhayl al-Mizan; al-`Iraqi's improvements upon the Mizan,

--- Lisan al-Mizan; Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani's expansion,

--- Dhayl Lisan al-Mizan; by Imam al-`Awni's additions on the Lisan al-Mizan.


This print is a quality print that is easily stored and easily carried. Thin volumes of which the combined weight is 4.6 KG. The pages are thin and the text is divided in to two columns per page so as to maximise the content. The book has over five editors and each volume has perhaps one or two editers. Last volume also contains extensive indexing, names of localities, peoples, verses, ahadith etc.    



ميزان الاعتدال في نقد الرجال هو كتاب في الجرح والتعديل ألفه الحافظ أبي عبد الله محمد بن أحمد بن عثمان بن قايماز شمس الدين الذهبي، وهو كتاب جامع لنقد رواة الآثار حاو لتراجم ائمة الأخبار، ألفه الذهبي بعد تأليفه " المغني في الضعفاء " الذي اعتمد فيه على كثير من المراجع، وقد زاد في " الميزان " رجالا لم يكن ذكرهم في " المغني "، وقد ذكر المؤلف في الكتاب الرواه: الكذابين، والمتروكين، والضعفاء، وعلى الحفاظ الذين في دينهم رقة، وعلى من يقبل في الشواهد، وعلى الصادقين أو المستورين الذين فيهم لين، والمجهولين، والثقات الذين تكلم فيهم من لا يلتفت إليه. قال الذهبي : "قد احتوى كتابي هذا على ذكر الكذابين والوضاعين، ثم على المحدثين الصادقين أو الشيوخ المستورين الذين فيهم لين ولم يبلغوا رتبة الأثبات المتقنين، ثم على خلق كثير من المجهولين "

أسماء الكتب التي أشار اليها الذهبي في كتابه ميزان الاعتدال، والتي أخذ عنها تسلسل الرواه:

كتاب " كتاب الضعفاء الكبير " لأبي جعفر محمد بن عمرو بن موسى بن حماد العقيلي المكي (توفي 322 هـ).

كتاب " المجروحين من المحدثين " للحافظ محمد بن حبان البستي (تو 354 هـ).

كتاب " الكامل في ضعفاء الرجال " للإمام الحافظ أبي أحمد عبد الله بن عدي الجرجاني (توفي 365 هـ).

كتاب " الضعفاء " لمحمد بن الحسين أبي الفتح الأزدي (توفي 367 هـ).

كتاب " الضعفاء والمتروكين (للدارقطني) " لعلي بن عمر الدارقطني (توفي 385 هـ).

كتاب " الضعفاء " لمحمد بن أحمد بن أبي أحمد الحاكم (توفي 378 هـ).

كتاب " الذيل على الكامل " لمحمد بن طاهر أبي الفضل المقدسي (توفي 507 هـ).

كتاب " الضعفاء والمتروكين " لعبد الرحمن بن علي أبي الفرج بن الجوزي (توفي 597 هـ).

كتاب " ذيل ديوان الضعفاء والمتروكين " للذهبي (توفي 748 هـ).




He is Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Uthman ibn Qayyum `Abu `Abd Allah Shams ad-Din al-Dhahabi known as Al-Dhahabi, a Shafi'i Muhaddith and a prolific historian. Al-Dhahabi was born in Damascus in 1274 CE/673 AH, where his family had lived from the time of his grandfather `Uthman. He sometimes identified himself as Ibn al-Dhahabi (son of the goldsmith) in reference to his father's profession. He began his study of hadith at age eighteen, travelling from Damascus to Baalbek, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Nabulus, Cairo, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Hijaz, and elsewhere, after which he returned to Damascus, where he taught and authored many works and achieved wide renown as a perspicuous critic and expert examiner of the hadith, encyclopaedic historian and biographer, and foremost authority in the canonical readings of the Qur'an.


He studied under more than 100 women. His most important teacher at Baalbek included a woman, Zaynab bint ʿUmar b. al-Kindi. He lost his sight two years before he died, leaving three children: his eldest daughter Amat al-`Aziz and his two sons `Abd Allah and Abu Hurayra `Abd al-Rahman. The latter taught the hadith masters Ibn Nasir al-Din al-Dimashqi and Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, to whom he transmitted several works authored or narrated by his father.

Among al-Dhahabi's most notable teachers in hadith, fiqh and aqida:

--- Abd al-Khali b. Ulwan

--- Zaynab bint 'Umar b. al-Kindi,

--- Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Mas‘ud ibn Nafis al-Musali,

--- Shaykh al-Islam Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah,

--- Ibn al-Zahiri, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Halabi,

--- Sharaf al-Din al-Dimyati, `Abd al-Mu'min ibn Khalaf, the foremost Egyptian authority on hadith in his time,

--- Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Daqiq al-'Id, whom he identified in his youth as Abu al-Fath al-Qushayri, later as Ibn Wahb.

--- Jamal al-Din Abu al-Ma`ali Muhammad ibn `Ali al-Ansari al-Zamalkani al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i (d. 727), whom he called "Qadi al-Qudat, the Paragon of Islam, the standard-bearer of the Sunna, my shaykh".

--- Al-Abarquhi, Ahmad ibn Ishaq ibn Muhammad al-Misri (d. 701), from which al-Dhahabi received the Suhrawardi Sufi path.


Dhahabi authored nearly hundred works, some of them of considerable size. His work regarding the practice of prophetic medicine was straightforward in its presentation, but also categorized by the author as alternative medicine. Much of it consisted of an integration of medicine as understood from the revelations of the prophet Muhammad and the practices of Pre-Islamic Arabia with Ancient Greek medicine, quoting heavily from the ideas and terminologies of Hippocrates and Ibn Sina.


List of popular works:

--- Tarikh al-Islam al-kabir. (Major History of Islam); Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi.

--- Siyar a`lam al-nubala'. (The Lives of Noble Figures), 28 volumes, a unique encyclopaedia of biographical history.

--- Tadhhib Tahdhib al-Kamal, an abridgement of al-Mizzi's abridgement of al-Maqdasi's Al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal, a compendium of historical biographies for hadith narrators cited in the Six major Hadith collections.

--- Al-Kashif fi Ma`rifa Man Lahu Riwaya fi al-Kutub al-Sitta, an abridgment of the Tadhhib.

--- Al-Mujarrad fi Asma' Rijal al-Kutub al-Sitta, an abridgment of the Kashif.

--- Mukhtasar Kitab al-Wahm wa al-Iham li Ibn al-Qattan.

--- Mukhtasar Sunan al-Bayhaqi, an abridgement of Bayhaqi's Sunan al-Kubara.

--- Mukhtasar al-Mustadrak li al-Hakim, an abdridgement of Hakim's Al-Mustadrak 'alal Sahihain.

--- Al-Amsar Dhawat al-Athar (Cities Rich in Historical Relics), which begins with the description of Madina al-Munawwara.

--- Al-Tajrid fi Asma' al-Sahaba, a dictionary of the Companions.

--- Tadhkirat al-huffadh. (The Memorial of the Hadith Masters), a chronological history of the biography of hadith masters. Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi. Without peer in Islamic literature, a chronological history of the biography-layers of the hadith masters beginning with Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and ending with al-Dhahabi's own time. Each entry contains, in addition to biographical data, a hadith transmitted to al-Dhahabi through a chain containing the entry's subject. Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi. Al-Suyuti condensed and updated it in Tabaqat al-Huffaz, followed by others.

--- Al-Mu`in fi Tabaqat al-Muhaddithin, a compendium of hadith scholars (Muhaddithin).

--- Tabaqat al-Qurra (Biography-Layers of the Qur'anic Scholars).

--- Duwal al-Islam (The Islamic Nations), a condensed history with emphasis on political figures and events.

--- Al-Kaba'ir (The Major Sins)

--- Manaqib Al-imam Abu Hanifa wa saahibayhi Abu Yusuf wa Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan (The Honoured status of Imam Abu Hanifa and his two companions, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan).

--- Mizan al-I`tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal, an authoritative manual of weak narrators abridging and improving upon Ibn `Adi's al-Kamil fi al-Du`afa', the first work of its kind. Al-`Iraqi improved upon it in Dhayl al-Mizan, then his student Ibn Hajar in Lisan al-Mizan, then more recently al-`Awni in Dhayl Lisan al-Mizan.

--- Al-`Ibar bi Akhbar Man `Abar, a condensed biographical history with emphasis on scholars.


He died in 748 AH or 1348 CE.






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