ABOUT THE MINHAJ AL-TALIBIN:
This is a Islamic law manual based on the Sahfi'i madhab. It is a practical manual for judges of the Shafi’i legal tradition. It offers principles and precedents, with few of the linguistic and other digressions often found in legal writing. The work covers many topics. The author of this work is, Imam al-Nawawi, may God have mercy upon him, is the pillar of the madhhab among the late scholars, so what he states and deems weightier in the madhhab is relied upon, not anything else. The secret behind this is that it is a concise summary that comprises most investigations, questions, and essential rulings in a language that is succinct, easy and accurate; excellently arranged and extremely refined; and it points out the differences of opinions in the madhhab without unnecessary elaboration. The various commentaries of the minhaj that are relied upon are; Ibn Hajar’s Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, being the widely used, then Ramli’s Nihayat al-Muhtaj, then after by Fath al-Wahab and Sharh al-Saghir of Zakariyya al-Ansari, then thereafter Shirbini’s Mughni al-Muhtaj, then after Mahalli’s Kanz al-Raghibin.
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« منهاج الطالبين » للإمام النووي حظي بالعناية التامة من علماء الشافعية .
فشروحه وحواشيه والتعليقات التي وضعت عليه كثيرة جداً .
وقد أخرجت دار المنهاج منها « النجم الوهاج » للإمام الدميري ، وجاء في مجلدات عشرة ، وهو يطبع لأول مرة محققاً مضبوطاً .
كما اعتنت الدار بشرح له آخر هو شرح العلامة المحلي « كنز الراغبين » ، الذي أطبقت كلمة المتأخرين على فضله وحسن تأليفه ، وضمه لمباحث وتحقيقات سنية بالرغم من إيجازه وبعده عن التطويل .
وها هي اليوم تصطفي من تلك الشروح المخطوطة كتاب « بداية المحتاج » للعلامة ابن قاضي شهبة .
وهو سفر نفيس ، جمع فأوعى ، وفيه من الفوائد والنكت العلمية ما يجعله في طليعة الشروح ، ولا سيما ومحبره عالم فقيه متخصص ، وباحث عميق متفحص .
وقد أوضح الشارح منهجه الذي سار عليه في قوله : ( فقد استخرتُ الله تعالى في كتابةِ شرحٍ مختصرٍ على «المنهاج » في الفقه لشيخ الإسلامِ العلامة محيي الدين أبي زكريا يحيى النووي ـ قدَّس الله روحه, وجعل رضاه غَبُوقَه وصَبُوحَه - يكون في حجم « العُجالة » للشيخ سراجِ الدين ابنِ الملقِّن رحمه الله تعالى ، مقتصراً على تصوير مسائله وبعضِ دلائله ، مشيراً إلى بعض ما يرد على لفظ الكتاب ، مـحترزاً عمَّا وقع للشيخ سراج الدين في شرحه المذكورِ على خلاف الصوابِ ، مُبدِلاً ما ذكره من الفروع والفوائد الأجنبيةِ بما هو متعلقٌ بالكتاب ؛ مما يَرِدُ على مَنطوقه ومَفهومه ، مجيباً عمَّا يتيسر لي عنه الجوابُ ، معزياً ما ذكره الشيخُ سراج الدين في شرحه لنفسه ؛ من بحث أو اختيارٍ إن كان لأحد ممن تقدمه من الأصحاب ، مُنبِّهاً على بعض ما وقع له مخالفاً للصواب ، مُبيِّناً أدلةَ الكتاب ؛ من صحة أو حسنٍ أو ضعف مُسنداً ذلك غالباً إلى قائله ، مُتعرضاً لما وقع للشيخين من الاضطراب في بعض مسائل الكتابِ وما يُعتمَد عليه في الإفتاء من ذلك ) .
ودار المنهاج إذ تخرج هذا السفر لأول مرة محققاً في حلة الإبداع ، لتأمل أن تكون أهدت إلى المكتبة الشافعية كتاباً يلمع سناه في رفوفها ، ويسر به طلاب المعرفة والمتخصصون في الفقه الشافعي .
والله تعالى نسأل أن ينفع به كما نفع بأترابه ، إنه سميع مجيب
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This print is based on the commentary of Imam Ibn al-Mulaqqin titled as al-'Ujalah, which is an early and widely quoted commentary. Ibn Qadi Shuhbah has used ibn Mulaqqin's commentary and expanded somewhat as well refined the positions he argued for and or against.
ABOUT IMAM UMAR IBN AL-MULAQQIN:
'Umar b. 'Ali b. Ahmed b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah, Sirajudin, Abu Hafs, al-Ansari, al-Andalusi, al-Misri al-Shafi'i, popularly known as Ibn al-Mulaqqin. It has been said about him that he disliked the Ibn al-Mulaqqin and it used to anger him when called thus. Talqin of the Qur'an with his shaykh 'Isa is why he was named such a name although he preferred to be called Ibn al-Nahwi, after his father's known expertise of the Arabic grammar. He even wrote his books and letters under that name.
He was born on the month of Rabi' al-Awal in the year 723 Hijri on the 24th day according to his student Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani while al-Sakhawi asserts he was born on the 22nd, per Ibn al-Mulaqqins hand written records. His father was an Andalusian (Spanish) and then moved to Egypt to take knowledge from al-Isnawiy and he later passed away while Ibn al-Mulaqqin was very young and his mother was married by Shaykh 'Isa al-Maghrabi who raised and taught our author. He learned under him the Qur'an as mentioned earlier and memorised it as well as the 'Umdat al-Ahkam. After this he was taught the Maliki Madhab. Ibn Jama'ah advised that Ibn al-Mulaqqin be taught the Shafi'i madhab first per his father wishes (whom he was a close friend) so Ibn al-Mulaqqin was taught the Minhaj al-Talibin and thereafter memorised it.
He studied fiqh with Shaykh al-Islam al-Taqqiy al-Din al-Subki, al-Jamal al-Isnawi, al-Kamal al-Nasha'i and al-'Izz ibn Jama'ah. He then travelled to Syria to learn from the scholars there and left no stone unturned in learning from Scholars there. He also studies under Abu Hayyan, Ibn Hashim al-Ansari and many many more. As for his Students they were the likes of Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Ahmed Abu Zur'ah ibn al-Iraqi, Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Khalil and many more.
He became so well studied that he was given the position to answer any question raised regarding any mas'ala in four schools of fiqh. al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar says about him; 'He was splendid in character and manners, looked and dressed well, he wrote extensively'. He was praised by his peers in his lifetime with words such as; 'al-Imam, al-'Alim, al-Muhadith, al-Hafidh, al-Mutaqqin, The Crown of the Jurists and Muhadithin alike'. He was permitted to teach by Imam al-Mizzi and al-Shams al-'Asqalani. He produced a quantative as well qualative scholars among them being Imam Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani and Ibn Nasir al-Dimishqi. He wrote so much on all the sciences of Islam, that some have suggested that he was a copyist who wrote little himself. This claim has been rebuked by his contemporaries as well those who came later such as Ibn Hajar, al-Shakhawi, al-'Iraqi, al-'Alla'i, Ibn al-'Ajmi and of those who came way later are the likes of al-Shawkani and others.
He wrote the following titles:
- al-Balghat fi Ahadith al-Ahkam,
- Tuhfat al-Muhtaj ila Adillat al-Minhaj,
- Hada'iq al-Haqa'iq,
- Tabaqat al-Muhadithin,
- al-'Uddah fi Ma'rifat rijal al-'Umdah,
- al-I'lam bi Fawa'id 'Umdat al-Ahkam,
- Shawahid al-Tawdhih fi Sharh al-Jami' al-Sahih,
- Sharh al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyah,
- Sharh Zawa'id Muslim ibn al-hajjaj,
- Sharh Zawa'id Abi Dawud 'Ala al-Sahih,
- al-Badr al-Munir fi Takhrij al-Ahadith wal Athar al-Waqi'at fi al-Sharh al-Kabir
- Khulasat al-Badr al-Munir,
- al-Muntaqa min Khulasat al-Badr al-Munir,
- and many more works.
In 780, in Egypte, due to the highly saught after position of supreme judge, the Imam went through some trials whereby he was tested and envied. He died short while after in Friday night 16th of Rabi' al-Awal 804.
ABOUT IBN QADHI SHUHBAH:
He is Badr al-Din Abu Fadl, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin 'Umar bin Muhammad bin 'Abd al-Wahhab bin Muhammad bin Dhu'ib bin Mushraf al-Asadi, al-Dimishqi, al-Shafi'i widely known as Ibn Qadi Shuhbah. His entire family was known by that name as his great grandfather was a Qadi in their locality (Shuhbah). He was born at Sunrise on a Wednesday 2nd of Safar in the year of 798 H in the town of Damascus, Syria. He initially studied at the Madrasat al-Shamiyyah al-Baraniyyah where he also lived and than gradually studied under his Father -Imam Taqiyu Din Ibn Qadi Shuhbah- memorizing the entire Tabaqat (of his father) and the Minhaj al-Talibin and cosequently getting the chance to study under his fathers colleagues among them being the hadith expert 'A'ishah bint Muhammad bin 'Abd al-Hadi al-Maqdasi, al-Hafid 'Abd Allah bin Ibrahim al-Ba'li, al-Hafid Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, al-Hafid al-'Iraqi. He taught in numerous Universities of the day among them the Dahiriyah, The Nasariyyah, The Taqwiyyah, The Mujahidiyyah al-Jawaniyyah, The Farasiyyah and his old student college the Shamiyyah al-Baraniyyah. He produced too numerous scholars to count or to mention. Among his works are:
* Irshad al-Muhtaj ila Tawjih al-Minhaj, (also another sharh of the Minhaj)
* Bidayat al-Minhaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj (this title),
* Tarikh al-Muluk al-Ashraf Qayatabay,
* Tadriqul Majalis Bidhikr al-Fawa'id wal Nafa'is,
* al-Durar al-Thamin fi Manaqib Nur al-Din,
* al-Kawakib al-Duriyyah fil Sirat al-Nabawiyyah,
* al-Masa'il al-Mu'amilat bil I'tirad 'ala al-Mu'amalat.
He passed away on Thursday evening 12th of Ramadan 874 H. Imam al-Sakhawi said of him: 'He excelled in fiqh in all its modes and became the Jurist of Sham without any contest.''