ABOUT THE BOOK:
'Uqud Rasm al-Mufti is a poem work designed to ease the memorisation for the student on all issues related to Fatawa in Hanafi Madhab. The same author of the Manzumah commented on this work because he wanted to "put a useful commentary on the manzuma 'Rasm al-Mufti' so as to facilitate clear message and strengthen it and expound its unclear text."
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print has what is classed as miner Hashiyah. The editor uses the Hashiyah Muhammad Rafi' Osmani. However quite a bulk of the work is introduction or study of the Madhab in its usul and Fatawa positions. Well over 240 pages (half of the book) is dedicated to the study of Hanafi madhab of then and now. This print also contains extensive minor and major biographical entries throughout the book. .
ABOUT IMAM IBN ABIDIN:
Muhammad Amin Ibn Abidin (1198–1252 AH / 1783–1836 AD) also known as Imam Ibn Abidin ash-shami was a prominent Islamic scholar and Jurist who lived in the city of Damascus in Syria during the Ottoman era. He was the authority of the fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) of the Hanafi madhhab (school of law). He was a state employee with the title of Amin al-fatwa. This meant that he was the mufti that people would go to when they had legal questions in Damascus. He composed over 50 works consisting of a major fatawa (legal statement) collection, many treatises, poems, and several commentaries on the works of others. His most famous work was the Radd al-Muhtar ala Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar. This is still considered the authoritative text of Hanafi fiqh today.
Ibn Abidin was born in Damascus in 1784. His family came from a long line of scholars and was, therefore, well respected. He studied the Qur'an starting at a very young age and received his first general degree of authorisation from his first teacher, shaykh Muhammad al-Kuzbari al-Kabir, when he was about 12 years old. He was said to have memorized the Qur'an before he reached maturity. He was a very determined student. After reciting the Qur'an at his father's shop and receiving criticism for it, he sought to perfect his work and studied vigorously under several well-known scholars. After much hard work, he received four degrees of authorisation.
Ibn Abidin authored numerous books on different subjects ranging from prayers to medicine. But it was his extensive knowledge of Jurisprudence that distinguished his potential. He wrote exegesis of previous juristic books which were far beyond common man's understanding. In this same context, he compiled his most famous book : Radd al-Muhtar ala Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, an voluminous extension of Imam Hasfaki's Durr al mukhtar. Following are some of the major works of the Imam.
--- Radd al-Muhtar 'ala al-Dur al-Mukhtar: This is the most comprehensive and the most authoritative book on Hanafi fiqh in the world today. It has been published many times: the Bulaq edition of 1272 AH in five volumes and later in 1276 AH and 1299 AH; the Maymaniyyah edition in 1307 AH; the Istanbul edition of 1307 AH. Once again in 1323 AH, there was a Maymaniyyah edition; and later in 1323 AH, the Bābi al-Ĥalabī edition and Istanbul edition in eight volumes along with the Takmilah, which has been photo-offset a number of times hence.
--- Al-'Uqud ad-Durriyyah fi Tanqihi Al-Fatawa al-Hamidiyyah [The String of Pearls: A Revision of Hamid’s Fatawa]: being the revision of the fatawa of Shaykh Hamiduddin al-Imadi; published in two volumes.
--- Hashiyah 'ala Tafsir al-Qadi al-Baydawi: [Marginalia on the Exegesis of Baydawi]: he made it a point to annotate it such that it contains only those points which no other mufassir [exegete] has mentioned before.
--- Hashiyah 'ala Ifadatu'l Anwar Sharh al-Manar [Marginalia on Extensions of Radiance: an Exegesis of the Lodestar – Al-Manar of Haskafi.
--- Hashiyah 'ala Sharh At-Taqrir wa’t Tahbir fi'l Usul of ibn Amir Hajj. [Marginalia on the Exegesis of Speeches and Writing on the matter of Principles of Islamic Knowledge].
--- Fatawa fi'l Fiqh’li Hanafi, containing about a hundred rulings other than those in his Risalah. It is also known as Ajwibatun Muhaqqiqah.
--- Al-Fawayid al-Mukhaşşasah bi Ahkami Kayy al-Hummaşah: An article on medicine. A brilliant doctor in earlier times had devised a novel way to extract pus from festers and abscesses using chickpea. Ibn 'Abidin has combined two separate monographs on this subject along with his own additions. The first being Al-Ahkam al-Mulakhkhisah fi Hukmi Kayy al-Hummasah by Shurnblāli and the second, Al-Abhath al-Mulakhkhisah fi Hukmi Kayy al-Hummaşah by Shaykh Abd al-Ghani an-Nablusi. He completed the manuscript in 1227 AH.
--- Rafá at-Taraddud fī Áqdi’l Aşābiý índa’t Tashahhud: A compilation of the sayings of Ĥanafī imāms in the matter of raising the index finger and make a circle with other fingers in tashahhud. Refuting the opinion of some Ĥanafīs who rule that only raising the index finger is necessary without encircling other fingers. It was completed in Rabīý al-Awwal, 1249 AH.
--- Shifā al-Álīl wa Ball al-Ghalīl fī Ĥukmi’l Waşiyyati bi’l Khitmāti wa’t Tahālīl: He wrote this to refute a practise prevalent among the people during the plague of 1228 in Damascus. The practise being circulation of a ‘will’ to complete khitmah [a round of reciting the Qur'an completely] and tahlīl [reciting the formula: lā ilāha illā Allāh].
--- Tanbīh Dhawi’l Afhām álā Aĥkāmi’t Tablīghi Khalf al-Imām: An explanation concerning a follower repeating the imām’s takbīrs loudly during şalāt [to amplify the takbirs; a mukabbir]. This topic has been dealt with in a comprehensive manner; it starts with an introduction, has a body and ends with a conclusion. It was completed on the first of Muĥarram 1226 AH.
--- Tanbīh al-Ghafīl wa’l Wasnān álā Aĥkāmi Hilāli Ramađān: He wrote this monograph obeying his shaykh, in which he compiledthe canonical ruling concerning the new moon, or the crescent of Ramađan according to all the four madh’habs. Apparently this was to dispel doubts arising of a controversy concerning the new moon of Ramađān in Damascus of the year 1240 AH.
Ibn Abidin died on 21 Rabi al-thani in the year 1252 AH at the age of 54 years. His funeral prayer was led by his own teacher Sayid al-Halabi who broke down, weeping and clutching his own beard said: ‘I was treasuring you, for what comes after my old age’. Prayers were held in the Sinaniyyah mosque and he was buried – in accordance with his will – near the grave of Shaykh Alauddin al-Haskafi, the author of Durr al-Mukhtar and next to the great muhaddith Salih al-Jaynini in Damascus.