ABOUT THE BOOK:
Qasīdat al-Burda is an ode of praise for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ composed by the eminent Sufi, Imam al-Busiri of Egypt. The poem whose actual title is al-Kawākib ad-Durrīya fī Madḥi Khayr al-Barīya (الكواكب الدرية في مدح خير البرية, "The Celestial Lights in Praise of the Best of Creation"), is famous mainly in the Sunni Muslim world. It is entirely in praise of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, who is said to have cured the poet of paralysis by appearing to him in a dream and wrapping him in a mantle or cloak. Al-Busiri narrated the circumstances of his inspiration to write the Burdah:
"I had composed a number of praise poems for the Prophet, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace, including one that was suggested to me by my friend Zayn al-Dīn Yʿaqūb b. al-Zubayr. Some time after that, I was stricken by fālij (stroke), an illness that paralyzed half of my body. I thought that I would compose this poem, and so I made supplications to the Prophet Muhammad, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace, to intercede for me and (ask God to) cure me. I repeatedly sang the poem, wept, prayed, and asked for intercession. Then I slept and in my dream, I saw the Prophet, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace. He wiped my face with His blessed hands and covered me in His Mantle (Burdah). Then I woke up and found I was able to walk; so I got up and left my house. I had told no one about what had happened. I encountered a Sufi (faqīr) on my way and he said to me: “I want you to give me the poem in which you praise the Prophet, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace.” I said: “Which one?” So he said: "The one that you composed during your sickness.” Then he recited the first verse and said: “I swear by God that I heard it in a dream last night being sung in the presence of the Prophet Muhammad, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace. I saw the Prophet, Allah bless Him and salute Him with peace, was pleased with it and covered the person who sang it with His Mantle.” So I recited the poem to him and he memorized it and related his vision to others."
The Burda is divided into 10 chapters and 160 verses all rhyming with each other. Interspersing the verses is the refrain, "My Patron Deity, confer blessings and peace continuously and eternally on Your Beloved, the Best of All Creation" (Arabic: مولاي صلي و سلم دائما أبدا على حبيبك خير الخلق كلهم). Each verse ends with the Arabic letter mīm, a style called mīmīya. The 10 chapters of the Burda comprise:
- On Lyrical Love Yearning,
- On Warnings about the Caprices of the Self
- On the Praise of the Prophet,
- On His Birth
- On His Miracles
- On the Exalted Stature and Miraculous Merits of the Qur'an
- On the Ascension of the Prophet
- On the Struggle of Allah’s Messenger,
- On Seeking Intercession through the Prophet
- On Intimate Discourse and the Petition of One’s State.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary follows along the lines of many of the other popular commentaries meant to facilitate ease of understanding without the nessacary complication of scholarly commentary. Imam Ibn 'Ashur was a prominant scholar of Tunisian descent as well as the grandfather of the famed Mufassir of al-Tahrir. it breaks down the linguistic design of the poem as well as its juristical implications. The commentator, prior to commenting on the work has extensive three chapters about the nature of poems designed to praise the Prophet fdfa and follows it with a chapter of poetic meters and concludes his introduction with background study of Imam al-Busairi, reasons for the poem, his style of poetic meters, and the historical importance of this work.
This work is popula or has been said was abridged from Imam Muhammad b. Marzuq al-Hafid (d. 742). However it shows that this is not the case although Ibn 'Ashur has relied upon much of Ibn Marzuq's commentary, but so he did with Ibn Hajar al-Haytami's commentary.
He is al-Būsīrī (Abū 'Abdallāh Muhammad ibn Sa'īd ul-Būsīrī Ash Shadhili) (1211–1294) was a Sufi Egyptian poet, originally from Moroccan Sanhaji Berber descent belonging to the Shadhiliyya order. He lived in Egypt, where he wrote under the patronage of Ibn Hinna, the vizier. The most famous of these is the Qaṣīda al-Burda (Poem of the Mantle). It is entirely in praise of the prophet Muhammad, who cured the poet of paralysis by appearing to him in a dream and wrapping him in a mantle. The poem has had a unique history. Even in the poet's lifetime it was regarded as special and very popular. it has been frequently edited and made the basis for other poems, and new poems have been made by interpolating four or six lines after each line of the original. It has been published many translations in various languages all over the world.
Plenty classical scholars wrote many commentaries.
ABOUT IMAM 'ABD ALLAH IBN 'ASHUR:
He is Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad al-Tahir b. Muhammad al-Shadhili b. Abd al-Qadir b. Muhammad b. 'Ashur. He is not to be confused with the other Tunisian scholar of the Tafsir al-Tahrir wa'l Tanwir by the same name (Muhammad al-Tahir b. Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Tahir b. 'Ashur (d. 1393). Our author is the grandfather of the later scholar famed for his multi-volume large Tafsir work.
He was born in 1235/1810 to a family whom originally migrated from Andalusia and settled in Tunisia. He was raised and born in to a family of scholarly background and was quickly tutored as such, learning from many of the scholars of his day. He also produced some of the most prolific scholars of his time to come out of Africa. He himself was also a prolific scholar and some of his popular works are as follows:
--- Ta'liqat ala ma Aqra'ahu min Sahih Muslim,
--- Hashiyat ala Sharh al-Mahali li Jam' al-Jawami'
--- Hashiyat ala Sharh Ibn Sa'id al-Hajari ala al-Ashmuni,
--- Hashiyat ala Sharh al-'Isam li Risalat al-Bayan,
--- Hashiyat alal Qatr al-Nada li Ibn Hisham,
--- Shifa'u al-Qalb al-Jarih bi Sharh Burdat al-Madih,
--- al-Ghayth al-Ifriqi ala Hashiyat 'Abd al-Hakim al-Sayalakuti fi'l Balaghah,
--- Taqarir ala Hashiyat as-Siban ala al-Ashmuni ,
--- Kunsh fi'l Fiqh,
He passed away on a Monday morning 21st of Dhil Hijjah 1284 (1868).