ABOUT THE BOOK:
Kitab Ash-shifa bi ta'rif huquq al-Mustafa, (Healing by the recognition of the Rights of the Chosen One), of Qadi Iyad is perhaps the most frequently used and most commented upon handbook in which the Prophets life, his qualities and miracles are described in every detail. This book is highly admired throughout the Muslim world and is quick to acquaint the reader with the true stature of the Prophet (SAW).
It is said about this book: "If al-Shifa is found in a house, this house will not suffer any harm,... when a sick person reads it or it is recited to him, Allah will restore his health." al-Shifa gathers together all that is necessary to acquaint the reader with the true stature of the Prophet (Eternal peace and blessings be upon him) with the esteem and respect which is due to him, and with the verdict regarding anyone who does not fulfil what his stature demands or who attempts to denigrate his supreme status - even by as much as a nail pairing.
This print documents various prints and manuscripts that is known. The editor extensively covers most of the commentaries used. Details also widely used commentaries, well over 39 commentaries and their benefits. He also edited the ahadith and statements found in this work, extensively analysed as well. Spands well 950 pages.
ABOUT IMAM AL-QADI 'IYAD:
He is Qadi ʿIyad ibn Musa (1083–1149) Abu al-Fadl `Iyad ibn Amr ibn Musa ibn `Iyad ibn Muhammad ibn Abdillah ibn Musa ibn `Iyad al-Yahsubi al-Sabti born in Ceuta, then belonging to the Almoravid Empire, was the great imam of that city and, later, a high judge (Qadi) in Granada.
Qadi Iyaḍ was born into an established family of Arab origin in Ceuta. As a scion of a notable scholarly family, ʿIyad was able to learn from the best teachers Ceuta had to offer. The judge Abu ʿAbd Allah Muhammad b. ʿIsa (d. 505/1111) was ʿIyad’s first important teacher and is credited with his basic academic formation. Growing up, ʿIyad benefited from the traffic of scholars from al-Andalus, the Maghrib, and the eastern Islamic world. He became a prestigious scholar in his own right and won the support of the highest levels of society. In his quest for knowledge, Iyad spent part of 507/1113 and 508/1114 visiting Cordoba, Murcia, Almeria, and Granada. He received ijāzas from the most important traditionist of his time, Abū ʿAlī al-Ṣadafī (d. 514/1120) in Murcia, and met with some of the most celebrated scholars of the moment, such as Ibn al-Hajj (d. 529/1134), Ibn Rushd (d. 520/1126), and Ibn Hamdin (d. 508/1114).
ʿIyad was appointed judge of Ceuta in 515/1121 and served in the position until 531/1136. During his tenure as judge of Ceuta he was extremely prolific. Iyad's overall fame as a jurist and as a writer of fiqh (positive law) was based on the work he did in this city. ʿIyad was also appointed the judge of Grenada where he worked for just over a year. He headed a revolt against the coming of the Almohades to Ceuta, but lost and was banished to Tadla and later Marrakech. He was a pupil of Abu Abdillah ibn Isa, Abu Abdillah ibn Hamdin and Abu al-Hassan ibn Siraj, and was a teacher of Ibn Sina (Averroes) and Ibn Maḍāʾ. Although he was opposed to the Almohads and the ideas of Ibn Hazm, he did not hold enmity for the Zahari school of Sunni Islam, which the Almohads and Ibn Hazm followed. ʿIyad's comments on Ibn Hazm's teacher Abu al-Khiyar al-Zahiri were positive, as was ʿIyad's characterisation of his own father, a Zahirite theologian. ʿIyad University, also known as the University of Marrakech, was named after him. Qadi ʿIyad is also well known as one of the seven saints of Marrakech and is buried near Bab Aïlen.
He was one of the most famous scholars of Maliki law and author of well known works such as:
--- Ash-Shifa bi Ta'rif Huquq al-Mustafa; on the virtue of the Prophet.
--- Tartib al-mardarik wa taqrib al-masalik li-ma'rifat a'lam madhab Malik, a collection of biographies of eminent Malikis, a.o. Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi.
--- Ikmal al-mu`lim bi fawa'id Muslim, a famous commentary on Sahih Muslim which transmitted and expanded upon al-Maziri's own commentary, al-Mu`lim bi-fawa'id Muslim. Qadi `Iyad's own commentary was utilised and expounded upon heavily by Al-Nawawi in his own commentary of Sahih Muslim.
--- Bughya al-ra'i lima Tadmanahu Hadith Umm Zara` min al-Fawa'id, published with Tafsir nafs al-Hadith by Al-Suyuti.
--- al-I`lam bi Hudud Qawa'id al-Islam, written on the five pillars of Islam.
--- al-Ilma` ila Ma`rifa Usul al-Riwaya wa Taqyid al-Sama`, a detailed work on the science of Hadith.
--- Mashariq al-Anwar `ala Sahih al-Athar, based on al-Muwatta of Malik ibn Anas, Sahih Al-Bukhari of Imam Bukhari and Sahih Muslim by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj.
--- al-Tanbihat al-Mustanbata `ala al-kutub al-Mudawwana wa al-Mukhtalata.
--- Daqa`iq al-akhbar fi dhikr al-janna wa-l-nar, a "eschatological manual" describing the joys of jannah (heaven) and the horrors of jahannam (hell),
He died in in 544H-1149CE. Because he refused to acknowledge Ibn Tumart as the awaited Mahdi, Qadi ʿIyad was executed with a spear and his body subsequently cut to pieces.