ABOUT THE BOOK:
Ru'us al-Masa'il is a work dedicated to comparative fiqh. It's an analytical work that tries to compare the contradictory positions or masa'il between the Hanafi school of jurisprudence and that of the Shafi'i's.
The author only mentions those masa'il that the schools disagree about and in each masa'alah brings forth why the Hanafi's hold different opinion to the Shafi'is. Imam al-Zamakhshari then brings forth the proof, the 'Illah, the Usuli Principles for all these cases.
The editor made an effort in producing the authenticity of this work going back to the author. He also provided some background study on the book as well as the author. The book has an extensive footnotes referencing some of the most popular books in both of the schools.
ABOUT IMAM AL-ZAMKHSHARI:
Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, known widely as al-Zamakhshari also called Jar Allah (Arabic for "God's neighbour, was a scholar of Persian origin, who subscribed to the Muʿtazilite theological doctrine, born in Khwarizmi, but lived most of his life in Bukhara, Samarkand, and Baghdad. He was a great authority on the Arabic language as well as a rationalist theologian.
Al-Zamakhshari was born in Zamakhshar on Wednesday 27 Rajab, 467 AH/ 18 March, 1075 AD. He became a renowned scholar of the Mutazilite school of Islam. He used Persian for some of his work, although he was a strong supporter of the Arabic language as well as an opponent of the Shu'ubiyya movement. After losing one of his feet to frostbite, he carried a notarized declaration that his foot was missing due to accident, rather than a legal amputation for any crime.
He is best known for Tafsir al-Kashaf, a seminal commentary on the Qur'an. The commentary is famous for its deep linguistic analysis of the verses, however has been criticised for the inclusion of Mu'tazilite philosophical views. For many years he stayed in Mecca, for which he became known as Jar-Allah ("God's neighbour"). He later returned to Khwarizm, where he died in 1144 at the capital Gorgan (in the present Gulestan Province, Iran). He studied at Bukhara and Samarkand while enjoying the fellowship of jurists of Baghdad. Zamakhshari's fame as a commentator rests upon his commentary on the Qur'an. In spite of its Mu'tazili theology it was famous among scholars.
Some of his works include:
- Al-Kashaf; "the Revealer" کشاف — A tafsir of the Qur'an),
- Rabi al-Abrar
- Asas al-Balagha; اساس البلاغه — Literature,
- Fraiz Dar-ilm Fariz
- Manha Darusul,
- Muqaddimat al-Adab; مقدمه الادب (Arabic-Persian dictionary),
- Kitab al-Amkinah wa al-Jibal wa al-Miyah (کتاب الامکنه والجبال والمیاه) (Geography),
- Mufassal Anmuzaj (مفصل انموذج) (Nahw: Arabic grammar),
- Ru'us al-Masa'il - al-Masa'il al-Khilafiyyah Bayn al-Hanafiyyah wa'l Shafi'iyyah,
and many more.
Al-Zamakhshari died in the Monday night of 8th Zulhijja, 538 AH/ 12 June, 1144 AD.