ABOUT THE BOOK:
Qadi Abu Shuja' popular small work has been accepted in the academic world of the Shafi'i school of law. This specific copy is one of the later works that have been heavily used by scholars and students alike. In the past this commentary had some errors but fortunately this specific print has been used for publication the authors handwritten manuscript as a model.
STUDY ON THE MATN AL-GHAYAH WAL TAQRIB:
The Matn of Abi Shuja’ has also been versified, so the student can memorize it with ease. The most famous of versifications is Sharaf al-Dīn Yaḥyā al-ʿAmrīṭī’s (989H) versification in 1225 (and in some 1220) lines, entitled Nihāyat al-tadrīb fī naẓm Ghāyat al-taqrīb (نهاية التدريب في نظم غاية التقريب).
Less popular attempts for versification include but are not limited to works by:
- Aḥmad al-Ibshīṭī (883H)
- ‘Abd al-Qādir ibn al-Muẓaffar (892H)
- Nashr al-Shuʿā ʿalā Matn Abī Shujāʿ, by al-Dusarī (931H)
- Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Sallam (931H)
The versification has a commentary Tuḥfat al-Ḥabīb by Shaykh al-Fashanī.
Commentaries and meta-commentaries upon Ghayat At-Taqrib of Abi Shuja’:
- al-Iqnā‘, Aḥmad bin Muḥammad (931H), with its meta-commentary Tashnīf al-Asmā’ bi Ḥalli Alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘, by Aḥmad bin Muḥammad (931H).
- Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Abī Shujā‘, by Aḥmad al-Akhṣāṣī (889H)
- Tuḥfạt al-Ḥabib, by Ibn Daqīq al-‘Īd (702H)
- Kifāyat al-Akhyār, by Taqiyud Din al-Husnī (829H)
- Al-Nihāyah fī Sharḥ al-Ghāyah, by Walī al-Dīn al-Baṣīr (972H)
- Al-Iqnā‘ fī Ḥall Alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘, by Muḥammad al-Khaṭīb al-Shirbīnī (977H). It has numerous meta-commentaries:
- Taqrīrāt, by al-Bājūrī (1277H) and Shaykh ‘Iwaḍ
- al-Bujairmī (1221H)
- al-Mudābighī (1170H)
- al-Ajhūrī (1190H)
- Fatḥ al-Qarīb al-Mujīb, by Ibn Qāsim al-Ghazzī (918H).
- al-Qalyūbī (1069H),
- al-Barmāwī (1106H)
- al-Bājūrī (1277H)
- Qūt al-Ḥabīb al-Gharib, by al-Nawawī al-Jāwī
We ask Allah to bless the efforts and works of Qadi Abi Shuja’ and make them a light for the Ummah until the hour. Amin!
TAKEN FROM: http://www.shafiifiqh.com/al-qadi-abu-shuja-al-asbahani-and-his-matn-ghayat-at-taqrib/
ABOUT QADI ABU SHUJA':
He was the Qadi (judge), Imam, scholar of high repute, the ascetic (zahid), a tenacious Faqih(jurist), a righteous and humble ruler (wazir). All such characteristics have been attributed to him by his contemporaries and biographers throughout the ages, such as in the Tabaqat Ash-Shafi’yyah of Qadi ibn Shuhbah, the Tabaqat of As-Subki, and within the many works of the scholars that are commentaries and supra-commentaries upon his famous”Ghayat At-Taqrib”. His agnomen (kunya) is Abu Shuja’ as well as Abu Tayyib. His full name is Shihabud-Din Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn [and it reads Al-Hasan in some works] ibn Aḥmad al-Aṣfahānī. Al-Hafith Abu Tahir As-Silafi once reported a hadith from him in his Mu’jam As-Safr up to Uthman ibn ‘Affan (radiya Allahu Anhu) that the Prophet Muhammad said, “Whomever builds a masjid for Allah the mighty and majestic…Allah will build something like it for him in Jannah!” Abu Tahir As-Silafi [died 576 A.H] said after reporting this narration;
“This Qadi Abi Shuja’ is from the most impeccable men of his time! He studied and taught the school of Imam Ash-Shafi’i for 40 years in Basrah. He mentioned this [hadith] to me around 500 A..H. and he lived for an extremely long time after that. I asked him about when he was born and he told me 434 A.H. in Basrah, and that his father was born in ‘Abadaan and his grandfather was from Asbahan.” His biographers mention that when he was the Wazir (vizier), he was just and cared for justice for all. While being a wazir, he would not leave his house until he prayed and recited much of the Qur’an. After retiring from his position of wazir, he traveled to Medinah and became an ascetic, divorcing the needs of this world. He became the custodian, cleaning and arranging the Masjid of the Prophet Muhammad until he died!
ABOUT IMAM AL-HISNI:
His name was Imam Taqiyudin Abu Bakr b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Mu'min b. Hariz b. Mu'aliyy going back all the was to al-Hussayn b. 'Ali b. Abi Talib (RA). He was born in 752. He studied in Damascus and was very astute student. Among his teachers were; Imam Ibn al-Jabi, Imam al-Yasufi, Imam al-Baqa'i and many others. He had left some students and many titles behind, among which were:
- Ahwal al-Qabur,
- Jawab fi al-Radd 'ala Ibn Taymiyya fi Mas'alat Shad al-Rihal lil ZIyarah,
- Sharh al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyah,
- Sharh al-Tanbih,
- Sharh Sahih al-Muslim,
- Kifayat al-Akhyar fi Halli Ghayatil Ikhtisar,
- Mu'allif fi Ahadith al-Ihya,
and many more beneficial works. He passed away on a Tuesday, the 14th of Jamadul awla in the year of 829. His burial procession was lead by his student and his nephew Shamsudeen al-Hisni.