ABOUT THE BOOK:
This work is perhaps is more popular then its author, whom not much is written about but as for the Matn Mandhumat Al-Bayquniyyah fi Mustalah Al-Hadith (متن البيقونية في علم مصطلح الحديث), it is an amazing timeless primer in poetry form which mentions the various classification of hadith. It is a 34 line rhythmic text in the form of poetry which was authored to introduce the hadith sciences to those who do not have prior knowledge of it. It has a broad scope, although in brief format, making it an ideal introductory text for students of knowledge who wish to learn sciences of hadith. This matn is generally memorised because it contains the essential hadith terminologies. Its rhythmic nature makes it easy to memorize the entire matn. This Matn Al-Bayquniyyah is learned by students of knowledge prior to moving to much detailed texts such as Ikhtisar 'Ulum al-hadith by Ibn Kathir or Nukhbatul al-fikr by Ibn Hajar. It is vital for everyone irrespective of which faculty one may want to excel in.
This book has enjoiyed so much fame and attention that it would be practically impossible or exhaustive task to mention its commentators. Among the best commentaries, classical or modern are:
- Fathul Qadir al-Mu'in al-Mughith Bisharh Mandhumat al-Bayquni fi 'Ilm al-Hadith by Imam 'Abd al-Qadir Jalaludin al-Mahallahi (d. 1065),
- Talqih ul-Fikr bi Sharh Manzhumati’l-Athar; Abi al-'Abbas Ahmad bin Muhammad Makki al-Hamawi al-Husayni al-Hanafi (d. 1098)
- Hashiyat al-Ajhuri 'Ala Sharh Mandhumat al-Bayquniyyah lil Zurqani; By Imam al-Ajhuri (d. 1190) and Imam al-Zarqani (d. 1122)
- Safwat al-Millih biSharh Mandhumat al-Bayquni fi fann al-Mustalah; by Imam al-Badrudin ad-Dimyati.
- Sharh al-Mandhumat al-Bayquniyyah fi Mustalah al-Hadith; Shaykh ‘Abdallah Siraj ud-Din al-Husayni:
- al-Durar al-Bahiyyah fi sharh Manzhumah al-Bayquniyyah; Shaykh Badr al-Din al-Hasani
For more of this list please PRESS HERE.
This is perhaps one of the earliest commentaries, if not the first, considering the period both authors lived and died. Although not much is known by Imam Bayquni and his date of passing, one usually assumes to be around 1080 Hijri, because he was known to be alife that year.
The author of this work considered it to be one of small in content yet we know not of any other commentary that is larger in ots content. He illustrates each verse with linguistic meaning, brings about an example and deduces various Fawa'id or benefits, usually four or so extensive points. Before he commentates on the text, he introduces the benefit of the science and its scholars in over 80 pages.
ABOUT IMAM AL-BAYQUNI:
He is ʿUmar b. Muḥammad b. Futuḥ al-Bayquni was a Shafi'i scholar of Damascus who wrote a influential treatise on ḥadīth terminology entitled Mandhumat al-Bayqunīyyah which is widely used in learning the discipline to this today. The treatise consists of 34 couplets of poetry covering 34 types of ḥadīth, compiled in a meter that is easy to memorize. Unfortunately, very little is known about the author apart from his name, the approximate date he lived (1080AH/1669CE), the fact that he settled in Damascus and was amongst the Shafi'i legal school. Some sources do mention that the ascription of his name is from Bayqun. His name is usualy asserted as 'Umar over the mentions of Taha as mentioned by Imam al-Ajhuri in his Hashiyah as well as Imam al-Nabhani in his commentary. Shaykh Badr al-Din in his commentary of the Bayquniyah asserts that the Imam was originally from Azerbaijan and then later moved to Damascus and thus adopted that name.
ABOUT IMAM 'ABD AL-QADIR b. AL-MAHALLI:
His name is 'Abd al-Qadir b. Muhammad Jalaludin al-Mahalli b. Muhammad Shamsudin b. Muhammad, al-Bakri al-Siddiqi al-Shafi'i al-Misri, born early in the 10th century Hijri. His father (Muhammad Jalaludin al-Mahallai) should not be confused with Imam Jalaludin Muhammad b. Ahmed al-Mahalli (d. 864), the author of Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Kanz al-Raghibin, al-Badru al-Tali' fi Halli Jam' al-Jawami', Sharh al-Waraqat etc as there is a century or so between the death of the later and the birth of the former. Imam 'Abd al-Qadir al-Mahalli was born from the Siddiqi lineage, tracing back all the way to Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, a long line of scholars and pious people.
Imam 'Abd al-Qadir al-Mahalli was known for his piety and love for knowledge. He secluded himself allot despite being a dean and regular teacher at al-Azhar. He was expert in Fiqh, Arabic language and Hadith. Whatever little he wrote became an instant sensation and were regularly used in study circles in many parts of the world, as well as in al-Azhar. Among the works he wrote are:
- al-Nafkhat al-Dhakiyyat fi Usul 'Ilm al-Fiqh,
- Fathul Qadir al-Mu'in al-Mughith Bisharh Mandhumat al-Bayquni fi 'Ilm al-Hadith (فتح القادر المعين المغيث بشرح منظومة البيقوني في علم الحديث) ; which has been used by students and teachers alike in his day.
- Tuhfat Ahl al-Tasdiq Biba'dh Fadha'il Abi Bakr al-Siddiq (تحفة اهل التصديق ببعض فضائل أبي بكر الصديق) ; a book on the virtuous of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and his offspring including his own short autobiography.
He passed away in 1065 Hijri.