ABOUT THE BOOK:
This Fatawa is based on collection of questions and observations Imam adh-Dhahiri thought beneficial enough to pen it down. It has survived him and was not really popular or known untill the commentary of al-'Ayni.
Imam Badrudin al-'Ayni mentions his reasons for compiling this commentary at the introduction. He says that once he consulted the work he found in it much benefit and many more points that needed clarifying. He has chosen to abridged various parts of the book due to its repetitive and unnecessary nature. Also many Masa'ils are strange and solitude and needed in depth analysis. In this was the student, the teacher and the scholar can easily consult this work and would not be left in confusion.
THE EDITORIAL WORK DONE:
- Typos and errors are highlighted
- The Ahadith are expounded and its level of authenticity mentioned,
- The juristical points are sourced to their schools of laws and books referenced,
- Poetries and opinions are sourced to their original positions,
- Brief mention of scholars mentioned in the works,
- Extensive bibliography.
He has utilised two manuscripts of which one dates back 840 Hijri and second has not been exclusively identified. The first manuscript is in the handwritten format of imam Badrudin al-'Ayni.
ABOUT IMAM DHAHĪR:
His name is Muhammad b. Ahmed b. Umar al-Qadhi, Abu Bakr al-Bukhari Dhahīr ad-Din. He was one of the most knowledgeable people in his home town of Bukhar. Reached high rank in fiqh and Hadith. He has very few works among which this is one of them. He has passed away in 629 Hijri.
ABOUT IMAM AL-'AYNI:
He is Mohamud b. Ahmed b. Musa b. Ahmed b. Hussain b. Yusuf al-Halbi, born in 762 Hijri then moved to Cairo and widely known as al-'Ayni. Initially well studied with some scholars in Qira'a, Sarf, and Fara'id. Studied many works with their authors and authoritative scholars such; Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Zayn al-Iraqi, and many others. He throughtly studied the Ilmam of Ibn Daqiq al-'Id. He was then later recognised as the authoraty in Fiqh, Usul, Hadith, Tafsir, Lugha and even History. It has been said he penned al-Quduri in a night.
Some of his popular scholars are:
- Muhammad ar-Ra'i b al-Zahid,
- Muhamud b. Ahmed al-'Ayntabi,
- Sirajudin al-Bulqini,
Some of his works are:
- 'Umdat al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari,
- Sharh Qat'at min Sinnan Abi Da'ud
- Mughani al-Akhyar fi Rijal Ma'ani al-Athar,
- Nukhbal Afkar fi Sharh Ma'ani al-Aathar,
- al-Binayah fi Sharh al-Hidayah,
- Rumz al-Haqa'iq fi Sharh Kanz al-Daqa'iq,
- al-Masa'il al-Badriyyah al-Muntakhabat min al-Fatawa adh-Dhahiyriyat,
- and many more beneficial works.
He passed away on a Tuesday evening, 4th of Dhil Hijjah, 855 Hijri. He was buried in his teaching position.