ABOUT THE BOOK:
As this small work; Matn al-Ghayah stands out somewhat an authoritative in the Madhab except for few places and it also enjoys many commentaries, annotations, versifications and even supra-commentaries. This commentary however is much more in depth and analytic work. Not only because the stature of the author but also it is important to note that this is one of Imam al-Sharbinis later works. He wrote earlier two immensely succeful commentaries, mainly Sharh al-Tanbih of Imam al-Shayrazi and that of Imam Nawawi, Sharh Minhaj al-Talibin. Both works have received warm welcome from his peers and students and it was widely used and taught in his time. As such this work is perhaps smaller work drawing lessons from his other two larger works mentioned here above. He explains the Qawa'id, the Alfadh, the masa'ils and various Usuli principles. An excellent addition to your Shafi'i fiqh library works.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
# This print relies on four excellent manuscripts among them being;
- Hashiyah of al-Bujayrami, (Tuhfat al-Habib ala Sharh al-Khatib.
- Dar Ihya al-Kutub al-'Arabiyah.
- Shaykh Abd al-Rahman al-Kishk edited copy,
- Dr Muhammad Muhammad Tamir copy edited by him.
# Edited and sourced all the verses and Ahadith;
# Explained most of the Usuli principles.
# Made the Matn of Abi Shuja' in Red colour and bracketed it.
ABOUT THE ABU SHUJA':
He was the Qadi (judge), Imam, scholar of high repute, the ascetic (zahid), a tenacious Faqih(jurist), a righteous and humble ruler (wazir). All such characteristics have been attributed to him by his contemporaries and biographers throughout the ages, such as in the Tabaqat Ash-Shafi’yyah of Qadi ibn Shuhbah, the Tabaqat of As-Subki, and within the many works of the scholars that are commentaries and supra-commentaries upon his famous”Ghayat At-Taqrib”.
His agnomen (kunya) is Abu Shuja’ as well as Abu Tayyib. His full name is Shihabud-Din Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn [and it reads Al-Hasan in some works] ibn Aḥmad al-Aṣfahānī.
Al-Hafith Abu Tahir As-Silafi once reported a hadith from him in his Mu’jam As-Safr up to Uthman ibn ‘Affan (radiya Allahu Anhu) that the Prophet Muhammad said, “Whomever builds a masjid for Allah the mighty and majestic…Allah will build something like it for him in Jannah!”
Abu Tahir As-Silafi [died 576 A.H] said after reporting this narration,
“This Qadi Abi Shuja’ is from the most impeccable men of his time! He studied and taught the school of Imam Ash-Shafi’i for 40 years in Basrah. He mentioned this [hadith] to me around 500 A..H. and he lived for an extremely long time after that. I asked him about when he was born and he told me 434 A.H. in Basrah, and that his father was born in ‘Abadaan and his grandfather was from Asbahan.”1
His biographers mention that when he was the Wazir (vizier), he was just and cared for justice for all. While being a wazir, he would not leave his house until he prayed and recited much of the Qur’an. After retiring from his position of wazir, he traveled to Medinah and became an ascetic, divorcing the needs of this world. He became the custodian, cleaning and arranging the Masjid of the Prophet Muhammad until he died! Imam Al-Bayjuri in his Hashiyah states that Imam Abi Shuja’ died in 488 A.H. and that his grave is near the grave of the Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet Muhammad at Al-Baqi’. This date was also professed by Ibn Al-Athir as well. However, 488 is disputed by the witnessing of Abu Tahir As-Silafi of the the Qadi at 500 A.H.! [See معجم البلدان ج4/ص74 and طبقات الشافعية الكبرى ج6/ص15]
Sidi Omar Qureshi in his class on the Matn of Abi Shuja’ stated that Abi Shuja’ died in 593 A.H. putting his lifespan at nearly 160 years old! He accepts this opinion though states that some say he died in 488 A.H. Al-Azhar University, has his death at 593 as well2 Allah Knows best the truth of his death!
Qadi Abi Shuja’s most renown work is known as Mukhtasar Abi Shuja’ or Ghayat Al-Ikhtisar and also Ghayat At-Taqrib (also called the Matn of Abi Shuja’). This work is considered one of the most useful and widely studied Shafi’i primers in the Muslim world today. Several commentaries have been written on it and we shall mention these later. Another famous work he wrote was the commentary upon Imam Al-Mawaardi’s Al-Iqna’.
The Matn (Ghayat At-Taqrib) & Its Versification and Commentaries
The Matn of Abi Shuja’ has also been versified, so the student can memorize it with ease. The most famous of versifications is Sharaf al-Dīn Yaḥyā al-ʿAmrīṭī’s (989H) versification in 1225 (and in some 1220) lines, entitled Nihāyat al-tadrīb fī naẓm Ghāyat al-taqrīb (نهاية التدريب في نظم غاية التقريب).
You can download it from ShafiiFiqh.com by clicking the following link:
نهاية التدريب في نظم غاية التقريب [download id="13" format="1"]
Less popular attempts for versification include but are not limited to works by:
- Aḥmad al-Ibshīṭī (883H)
- ‘Abd al-Qādir ibn al-Muẓaffar (892H)
- Nashr al-Shuʿā ʿalā Matn Abī Shujāʿ, by al-Dusarī (931H)
- Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Sallam (931H)
The versification has a commentary Tuḥfat al-Ḥabīb by Shaykh al-Fashanī.
Commentaries and meta-commentaries upon Ghayat At-Taqrib of Abi Shuja’:
al-Iqnā‘, Aḥmad bin Muḥammad (931H), with its meta-commentary Tashnīf al-Asmā’ bi Ḥalli Alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘, by Aḥmad bin Muḥammad (931H).
Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Abī Shujā‘, by Aḥmad al-Akhṣāṣī (889H)
Tuḥfạt al-Ḥabib, by Ibn Daqīq al-‘Īd (702H)
Kifāyat al-Akhyār, by Taqiyud Din al-Husnī (829H) : [download id="5"]
Al-Nihāyah fī Sharḥ al-Ghāyah, by Walī al-Dīn al-Baṣīr (972H)
Al-Iqnā‘ fī Ḥall Alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘, by Muḥammad al-Khaṭīb al-Shirbīnī (977H). It has numerous meta-commentaries:
Taqrīrāt, by al-Bājūrī (1277H) and Shaykh ‘Iwaḍ
Fatḥ al-Qarīb al-Mujīb, by Ibn Qāsim al-Ghazzī (918H). [download id="12" format="1"]
It has numerous meta-commentaries:
Qūt al-Ḥabīb al-Gharib, by al-Nawawī al-Jāwī
We ask Allah to bless the efforts and works of Qadi Abi Shuja’ and make them a light for the Ummah until the hour. Amin!
TAKEN FROM: http://www.shafiifiqh.com/al-qadi-abu-shuja-al-asbahani-and-his-matn-ghayat-at-taqrib/
ABOUT THE IMAM AL-SHIRBINI:
He is ash-Shaykh, al-Imam al-Alim al-'Allamah Shamsudeen Muhammad b. Ahmed al-Khatib al-Shirbini ash-Shafi'i. He was born in Shirbin somewhere in Egypt. He travelled to cairo and became ardent student of some of the more celebrated Shafi'i jurists of his time. He was given early on permission to teach and give Fatwa so much so that in the life time of his teachers he was already a senior lecturer. He was known for his War' and extraneous worship. He would walk to Hajj, unless he got so tired that he had to rest or mount a beast. He was known to enter the Masjid of al-Azhar at the beginning of Ramadhan and not come out until Eid was celebrated. The imam wrote many works among them being:
- al-Iqna' fi Halli Alfadh Matn Abi Shuja'
- Tafseer Qawlihi Ta'ala: "Wa lil Akhiratu Khayrun Laka min al-Uwla..."
- Taqrirat 'ala al-Mutawwal, on Balagha,
- Risalat fi Birril Waalidayn,
- Risalat fi Basmallah wal Hamdulilah,
- al-Siraj al-Munir fil 'I'anat 'ala Ma'rifat Ba'dh Kalam rabbina al-Hakim al-Khabir; Tafseer.
- Sawati' al-Hikam; Commentary on Hikam Ibn 'Atta'illah,
- Sharh Bahjat al-Fiqh li Ibn al-Wardi,
- Sharh al-Tanbih lil Shayrazi, gained immense success in his life and was taught all over.
- Sharh Shawahi al-Qatri, commentary on Qadrul Nada,
- Sharh Minhaji al-Din fi Shu'ab al-Iman,
- Fathul Khaliq al-Malik fi Halli Alfadh Alfiyyat ibn Malik,
- al-Fathul Rabbani fi Halli Alfadh Tasreef 'Izzideen al-Zanjani,
- Fathul Rahman al-Raheem fi Tafseer Aayah: "Innallaha Ya'muru bil 'Adl wal Ihsan..."
- Farahu al-Mayti biman Yazuruh,
- Mughni al-Muhtaj Sharhul Minhaj lil Nawawi; widely accepted as the best and most authoritative commentary on the Minhaj al-Talibin.
- Nur al-Sajiyyah fi Halli Alfadh al-Ajurumiyyah.
He wrote many more works. He passed away on a Thursday after 'Asar prayer on the 8th of Sha'ban 977 Hijri.