ABOUT THE BOOK:
An extensive library source, utilised by scholars since its inception by its original author, Imam Fakhrudin al-Razi, and expanded as well as explained to the minute detail by an authority of the science that has lived in the era of the author. This work is a resource in answering the general issues relating to creedal matters such as the Knowledge of Allah's existence, His attributes and Names. The various chapters, and their sub chapters deal in; Knowing Allah through knowledge, On specific Attributes of Allah and the discussions around it that have caused much argument. On Will and its devices and modes. On prophet hood and qualities attached to it. Judgement Day and its various aspects as well descriptions. On Imamah, that of the Shi'a and otherwise.
ABOUT IBN AL-TILMISANI:
He was 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. 'Ali Sharfudin Abu Muhammad, popularly known as Ibn al-Tilmisani. In most of the biographical layers, there is no certainty of his birth nor of his death, except a mention of Imam Suyuti who seems to have transmitted a date that is not verified (d. 644). However it is clear he lived in the 6th century hijri, corresponding with his teachers and students dates that are in plenty. His teachers included; Mudhafar ibn Abd Allah al-Ansari, also known as al-Muqtarih. He studies under Shihabudin al-Tusi and others. Also amongst his students were; Ahmed bin Yusuf al-Lubli, al-Qadi Fakhrudin bin Binti Abi Sa'ad.
He was a Shafi'i and an Ash'ari who specilised in Usul and Usul al-Din. His chain of transmition going back to Abi Hasan al-'Ash'ari was well sought after. Amongst his written works are:
- Sharh Ma'alim Usul al-Fiqh,
- Sharh Ma'alim Usul al-Din,
He was roughly estimated to have passed away in 658 Hijri.
ABOUT IMAM AL-RAZI:
Imam Muhammad ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Husayn Abu `Abd Allah al-Qurashi, al-Bakri, al-Taymi, al-Tabaristani al-Shafi`i, known as Ibn al-Khatib and as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (543-606), a great scholar of kalam, Shafi`i school of Jurisprudence, commentator of the Qur’an, Philologist, genealogist, heresiographer, logician, mathematician, astronomer and physician. He traveled widely before settling in Herat (in modern Afghanistan) and authored more than 100 books (on subjects as diverse as medicine, mineralogy, and grammar), and gained fame and respect through his scholarship and skill in debate, in which he often presented unorthodox views fully and favorably before refuting them and also accusations of heresy.
His works include one of the major commentaries on the Qur’an, Al-Tafseer al-Kabir or the Mafatih al-Ghayb (Keys to the Unknown), which has an emphasis on rational and scholastic debates and on the refutation of false sects and contains much of philosophical interest.
Born in a family originally from Amol, in modern-day Mazandaran province of Iran (ancient Tabaristan), he first studied with his father, and later at Merv and Maragha, where he was one of the pupils of al-Majd al-Jili, who in turn had been a disciple of al-Ghazali. He was accused of rationalism, despite the fact that he restored many to the orthodox faith. He was a leading proponent of the Ash'ari school of theology.
Al-Razi had written over a hundred works on a wide variety of subjects. His major works include:
- Al-Tafsir al-Kabir, also known as Mafatih al-Ghayb, among the greatest commentaries of Qur'an in Islam, in twelve to thirty volumes depending on the edition, he spent the last fifteen years of his life working on it and did not finish it. The commentator Abu Hayyan criticized its prolixity in acerbic terms.
- `Isma al-Anbiya'.
- Bahr al-Ansab.
- Kitab al-Mantiq al-Kabir.
- Al-Mahsul wa al-Muntakhab, in which he amended Abu al-Husayn Muhammad ibn `Ali al-Basri al-Mu`tazili al-Shafi`i's (d. 463) al-Mu`tamad fi Usul al-Fiqh.
- Nihaya al-`Uqul
- Al-Bayan wa al-Burhan fi al-Radd `ala Ahl al-Zaygh wa al-Tughyan
- Al-Mabahith al-`Imadiyya fi al-Matalib al-Ma`adiyya
- Al-Mabahith al-Mashriqiyya.
- Ta'sis al-Taqdis fi Ta'wil al-Sifat, a methodical refutation of the anthropomorphisms. Ibn Taymiyya attacked it in a book entitled al-Asas Radd al-Ta'sis.
- Irshad al-Nuzzar ila Lata'if al-Asrar.
- Al-Ma`alim fi Usul al-Din, a commentary on Abu al-Ma`ali al-Juwayni's Luma` al-Adilla.
- Al-Ma`alim fi Usul al-Fiqh
- Sharh Asma' Allah al-Husna
- Sharh Nisf al-Wajiz li al-Ghazzali
- Sharh al-Isharat.
- Al-Mulakhkhas fi al-Falsafa.
- Al-Matalib al-`Aliyya.
- Al-Milal wa al-Nihal.
- Sharh Kulliyyat al-Qanun fi al-Tibb.
- Manaqib al-Shafi`i.
- Sharh Siqt al-Zand li Abi al-`Ala'.
- Al-Tariqa al-Baha'iyya fi al-Khilaf. Siraj al-Din al-Ghaznawi translated it into Arabic from its original Persian.
- Sharh Mufassal al-Zamakhshari.
- `Uyun al-Hikma.
- The spurious Asrar al-Nujum on magic and divination, falsely attributed to the Imam.
He died in 606 Hijri, 1209 CE in Herat (in today's Afghanistan).