ABOUT THE BOOK:
The Kitab al-Hikam of Shaykh Ibn Ata'illah al-Iskandari (d. 1309) is a famous and respected explanation of the journey of Islamic spirituality (known simply as 'the Path' or 'the Way'), with the Qur'an and the Sunna as the determiners of the principles contained therein. Although the work contains treatises and supplications, the essential core of the work is to be found in the author's collection of spiritual aphorisms (264 in total). Commentaries on the Hikam have been made by some of the most famous masters of the Shadhili order such as Ibn Abbad al-Rundi, Ahmad Zarruq and Ahmad ibn Ajiba as well as non-Shadhilis like the Islamic law Professor Sa'id Ramadan al-Bouti.
This copy is an abridgement (contained separately at the opening section of the book) which has an subsequent commentary. The commentary is then widely derived from four other popular commentaries such as;
- Sharh Ibn 'Abbad al-Rundi,
- Sharh ash-Shaykh al-Qushashi,
- Sharh ash-Shaykh Muhammad Ahmed Ahdal,
- Shaykh 'Ali al-Hijjazi.
Subsequently this publication has an extensive tahqiq and ta'liq as the book expands over 400 pages.
ABOUT THE IBN 'ATTA ALLAH:
Taj al-Din Abu'l Fadl Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Karim ibn Ata Allah al-Iskandari al-Shadhili was a Malikite jurist, muhaddith and the third murshid (spiritual "guide" or "master") of the Shadhili Sufi order. He was born in Alexandria and taught at both the al-Azhar Mosque and the Mansuriyyah madrasa in Cairo. He was responsible for systematizing Shadhili doctrines and recording the biographies of the order's founder, Abu-l-Hassan ash-Shadhili, and his successor, Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi. He is credited with having authored the first systematic treatise on dhikr, The Key to Salvation (Miftah al-Falah), but is mostly known for his compilation of aphorisms, the Hikam al-‘Ata‘iyya.
Commentaries on the Hikam have been made by some of the most famous masters of the Shadhili order such as Ibn Abbad al-Rundi, Ahmad Zarruq and Ahmad ibn Ajiba as well as non-Shadhilis like the Islamic law Professor Sa'id Ramadan al-Bouti. The wide circulation of Ibn ‘Ata‘ Allah's written works led to the spread of the Shadhili order in North Africa, where the order's founder had been rejected in earlier attempts. The Wafai Sufi order was also derived from his works. He died in 1309 while in Cairo.Ibn ‘Ata‘ Allah was one of those who confronted the controversial theologian Ibn
Taymiyya, who was jailed several times for his views on religious issues and for his excesses in attacking the Sufis.
He is the imam al-'Allamah ash-Shaykh Abu Bakr ibn ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ash-Shaykh Umar al-Mulla, al-hanafi al-Ahsa'i born in 1198 in Ahsa'i whats now Saudi Arabia. His father passed away while in very young age and was early on taken on the learning of the deen and he quickly memorised the Qur'an before the age of ten. He studied with many scholars in Ahsa'i which was a hub for travelling and or roaming scholars. AMong his teachers were: 'Abd al-Rahman bin Shaykh Umar al-Mulla, Shaykh Husain bin Muhammad abi Bakr al-Ahsa'i, 'Abdallah al-Ja'fari al-Tiyar ash-Shafi'i and many others. He taught afterwards extensively and was recognised as well certified to give lessons. He was widely known for his asceticism and humbleness. He also produced some excellent works such as;
- Irshad al-Qari li Sahih al-Bukhari,
- Hidayatil Muhtadhi Sharh Shama'il al-Tirmidhi,
- Manhal al-Safa fi Shama'il al-Mustafa,
- Hadi al-Anam ila Dar al-Salam,
- Khulasatil al-Iktifa' fi Sirat al-Mustafa Wathalathat al-Khulafa,
- 'Aqd al-La'li fi Sharh Badl al-Amali,
- Rawdat al-Nawadhir wal Albab bi Dhikr A'yanil Sahabat al-Anjab
and many more beneficial works. He passed away on Thursday night 29th of Safar in 1270.