ABOUT THIS BOOK:
An accounting of some of the popular Shafi'i jurists of the day, meaning the authors time. He has written close to 300 biographical works on these authorities and luminaries of the Madhab. Based on the collections of some his travels.
Then after a while Imam al-Nawawi stumbled upon this work which he said was: "Very beneficial the like of which has not been written, or even something close to it. Nor can a so called 'Shafi'i' do without it." Imam Nawawi added some notes wherein he mentions various aspects of the mentioned jurists.
After that importan additions of Imam Nawawi, his student, Imam Abu al-Hajjaj al-Mizzi has re-edited the work, didn't add any biographies but verified some of the mentioned facts and works therein and explained varies instances and incidents. This made the work very valuable and it had gained much popularity in the lifetime of Imam al-Mizzi so much so that some of the other later works in the field written mainly by his students such as Imam Ibn Kathir, Imam Ibn Subki, Imam al-Isnawi and Qadi Shuhba have heavily relied on this work.
EXCELLENT WORK, VERY BENEFICIAL AND IMPORTANT ADDITION TO ONES LIBRARY.
ABOUT IBN AL-SALAH:
Abū `Amr `Uthmān ibn `Abd al-Raḥmān Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Kurdī al-Shahrazūrī (1181 CE/577 AH – 1245/643), commonly known as Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ, was a Shafi'i Hadith specialist and the author of the seminal Introduction to the Science of Hadith. He was originally from Sharazora place in sulaymaniyah province in Iraq, was raised in Mosul and then resided in Damascus, where he died.
He first studied fiqh with his father in Sharazor, located in the south-eastern part of what is currently referred to as Iraqi Kurdistan. He then occupied himself in Mosul for an unknown period of time, studying under a number of local religious scholars. He studied in a number of cities, including: Baghdad, Hamedan, Naysabur, Merv, Aleppo, Damascus and Harran. While Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ was most recognized for his contribution to the field of Hadith, he was well-grounded in a variety of disciplines.
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ held several positions throughout his life, primarily in the field of education. He taught at the Salahiyyah School in Jerusalem, and then, following the destruction of its city walls, moved to Damascus and taught at the Rawahiyyah School for some time following its inception. Following the foundation of Dar al-Hadith Ashrafiyyah, he became its Shaykh and was the first to teach and give verdicts there in the year 530 AH. It was here that he dictated his work Introduction to the Science of Hadith to his students. He was then appointed a teacher at the al-Shamiyyah al-Sughara School. Ibn al-Salah had a number of students, some of whom achieved prominence in their own right; from them: Ibn al-Khallikin, Ibn Razin, Kamal Ishaq, Kamal Salar, Shams al-Din `Abd al-Rahman Nuh al-Maqdisi, Shihab al-Din Abu Shamah.
Ibn al-Salah had a number of works the most notable named below in addition to others on individual issues.
- Introduction to the Science of Hadith – perhaps his best known work
- Ishkalat 'ala al-Wasit, also called Mushkil al-Wasit – which comprised brief comments on various subjects primarily in the first fourth of al-Wasit in Shafi'i Fiqh which appeared in a large, single volume.
- Al-Amaali – the transcription of the Hadith he read aloud to his students, complete with the chains of narration;
- Siyanah Sahih Muslim – an explanation of Sahih Muslim of which only the beginning segment is published which al-Nawawi referred to in his own explanation.
- Numerous Fatawa, or religious rulings described by Abu Shahbah as having "much benefit"
- Fawa`id, or benefits, from his travels which consisted of a number of volumes of unusual points of interest in various disciplines which he collected during his travels to Khurasan,
- Adab al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti—The Etiquette of the One Giving a Verdict and of the One Seeking a Verdict,
- Nukat `Ala al-Muhadhdhab
- Tabaqat al-Fuqaha al-Shafi`iyyah a collection of lesser known Shafi`i scholars of jurisprudence which al-Nawawi abridged and added to. Ibn al-Salah died before completing this work.
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ died on Monday, September 18, 1245 CE/643 AH, at the age of 66. His funeral prayer was performed at the congregational mosque of Damascus, to a crowd so large it required a second prayer to accommodate. He was buried in the Sufiyyah graveyard, now the location of a hospital, a mosque and other buildings
ABOUT IMAM AL-NAWAWI:
Imam al-Nawawi is one of the most well known scholars and spiritual masters in Muslim history. He was a consummate scholar of several disciplines, including law, Prophetic traditions, Quran exegesis, and grammar. His works and profound personal circumspection have inspired millions of believers on spiritual and intellectual planes. He was born in Greater Syria, where he also died in 1277 at the age of 45. He was and continues to be the most referenced scholar in the Shafi'i Madhab.
ABOUT IMAM AL-MIZZI:
He is al-Imam, al-'Allamah, al-Muhadith, al-Hafid, Yusuf ibn al-Zakki 'Abd al-Rahman bin Yusuf bin 'Abd al-Malik bin Yusuf ibn 'Ali bin Abi az-Zuhur al-Halbi, al-Mizzi ash-Shafi, born in 654 in Cyprus or Hilb. He memorized the Qur'an at early age and continued to memorize other islamic works in different sciences. His memory was so impeccable that he became popular because his veracious need to memorize and read most of the largest works in Hadith. He had well over 1000 Teachers he heard and narrated from. Imam Dhahabi said of him: 'I have not seen in our times anyone better in memorizing than him...'. He was close companion of Ibn Taymiyya and they have narrated from each other in various Ahadiths. He was mainly the dean of Jama'at al-Hadithiyah in Damascus. He wrote beneficial works among them:
- Tahdhib al-Kamal, (later abridged and extended by Imam Dahabi as well as Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani. Among his students are Ibn Taymiya, Dahabi, al-Barzali, Ibn Sayyid al-Nas and Taqiyu Din as-Subki. He became ill and passed away short after that in 742.