ABOUT THE BOOK:
This work has been edited and published by numerous scholars and publishers throughout the centuries with perhaps wrong title, confusing it as a commentary of his other smaller work; al-Imam fi Ma'rifat al-Ahadith al-Ahkam. It is obviously not the case as the author does not stipulate himself whether this is what he intended.
In this unique work the author compiles the book in a fiqh fashion with its chapters commencing at-Tahara. He fellows the following method
- He mentions a Hadith then proceeds to the collectors as well as their transmitters, be they the companions and those that followed.
- Then he mentions the strength of the Hadith.
- Sometimes he will mention why he chose that specific Hadith and its reasoning.
- He will then explain or clarify slightly about difficult wordings in the mentioned Hadith.
- Sometimes he will also delve in to the Arabic lexicon and or grammar structure of certain wording.
- The learned lessons and or beneficial aspects of the Hadith.
- Much of his peers and other scholars opinions will be covered in the chosen Hadith.
- He deduces the opinions of the Madhahib then proceeds to explain certain positions.
All in all, this is immense work that has was left uncompleted by the Imam reaching up to the Chapter of Wudhu and its conditions. This entire five volumes is basically only the Tahara.
ABOUT IBN DAQIQ AL-'ID:
He is the Imam, the Mujaddid, the Mujtahid, Shaykh al-Islam Muhammad b. 'Ali ibn Wahab b. Muti' b. Abi Ta'at al-Manfaluti, al-Qusi, at-Thabaji, al-Misri ash-Shafi'i (al-Maliki), from the progeny of the great companion Bahaz b. Hakim al-Qusheyri. He was born in Sha'ban in the year of 625 Hijri. He was born in to a household of knowledge, his father was much visited and frequented by Scholars and laymen alike for his knowledge, wisdom, God-Consciousness and his conduct. His mother was a celebrated scholar as well who was also the daughter of another celebrated scholar as-Salah Taqiyudeen Mudhafar b. 'Abd Allah popularly known as al-Muqtarih. Ibn Daqiq al-'Id's father mentioned when his son was born (which was while on route for Hajj), he carried him around the Ka'bah for the Tawaf and prayed that Allah make his son one of those given knowledge that he practiced.
He initially studied with his father memorising the Qur'an then went further to study the Maliki Madhab as well as the Shafi'i. He then travelled for Hadith knowledge in Egypt, Sham, and the Hijaz. In Egypt he studied with Sultan al-'Ulama al-'Izz ibn 'Abd as-Salam and others. He became popular amongst his teachers while he was alive and gained much famed career while he was young. Some of his popular teachers were: al-Mundhiri, al-'Izz Ibn 'Abd as-Salam, Ibn al-Muqayyir. His students were accounted among the best of his time, such as: Najmudeen b. ar-Rifa'at, 'Ala'udeen al-Baji, Ibn Sayyid an-Nas, adh-Dhahabi and many others.
Some of his work include:
- al-Imam fi Ma'rifat Ahadith al-Ahkam: A work on Hadith designed as a fiqh manual with extensive coverage of the problematic nature of certain transmissions, its applications, as well its authenticity.
- al-Ilmam bi Ahadith al-Ahkam: Designed originally for study circles to ease the student in to fiqh.
- Ihkamul Ahkam Sharh 'Umdat al-Ahkam: Commentary on the popular Fiqhul Hadith work.
- Sharh Mukhtasar Ibn al-Hajib fil Fiqh: An extensive and well celebrated fiqh Maliki manual.
He passed away on a Friday in Safar 702 Hijri, in Egypt. His burial was performed on a Saturday which was attending by extreme multitude of people, of all walks of life.