ABOUT THE BOOK:
This work is perhaps is more popular then its author, whom not much is written about but as for the Matn Mandhumat Al-Bayquniyyah fi Mustalah Al-Hadith (متن البيقونية في علم مصطلح الحديث), it is an amazing timeless primer in poetry form which mentions the various classification of hadith. It is a 34 line rhythmic text in the form of poetry which was authored to introduce the hadith sciences to those who do not have prior knowledge of it. It has a broad scope, although in brief format, making it an ideal introductory text for students of knowledge who wish to learn sciences of hadith. This matn is generally memorised because it contains the essential hadith terminologies. Its rhythmic nature makes it easy to memorize the entire matn. This Matn Al-Bayquniyyah is learned by students of knowledge prior to moving to much detailed texts such as Ikhtisar 'Ulum al-hadith by Ibn Kathir or Nukhbatul al-fikr by Ibn Hajar. It is vital for everyone irrespective of which faculty one may want to excel in.
This book has enjoiyed so much fame and attention that it would be practically impossible or exhaustive task to mention its commentators. Among the best commentaries, classical or modern are:
- Fathul Qadir al-Mu'in al-Mughith Bisharh Mandhumat al-Bayquni fi 'Ilm al-Hadith by Imam 'Abd al-Qadir Jalaludin al-Mahallahi (d. 1065),
- Talqih ul-Fikr bi Sharh Manzhumati’l-Athar; Abi al-'Abbas Ahmad bin Muhammad Makki al-Hamawi al-Husayni al-Hanafi (d. 1098)
- Hashiyat al-Ajhuri 'Ala Sharh Mandhumat al-Bayquniyyah lil Zurqani; By Imam al-Ajhuri (d. 1190) and Imam al-Zarqani (d. 1122)
- Safwat al-Millih biSharh Mandhumat al-Bayquni fi fann al-Mustalah; by Imam al-Badrudin ad-Dimyati.
- Sharh al-Mandhumat al-Bayquniyyah fi Mustalah al-Hadith; Shaykh ‘Abdallah Siraj ud-Din al-Husayni:
- al-Durar al-Bahiyyah fi sharh Manzhumah al-Bayquniyyah; Shaykh Badr al-Din al-Hasani
For more of this list please PRESS HERE.
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
Among those who participated in explaining the Mandhumat al-Bayquniyyah, one of the earliest on record, is that of imam and the Hadith Expert, al-Faqih Imam Shihabudin Ahmed al-Hamawi, al-Hanafi (d.1098), may the Mercy of the Almighty Allah be upon him. In this commentary the author is very keen in explaining the basic terminologies expressed in the matn as well as adding what he has skipped in the back as an appendix. This commentary has been published for the first time by its current printers, namely Dar al-Minhaj. It is an excellent edition with extensive annotations and very much illustrated book.
ABOUT IMAM AL-BAYQUNI:
He is ʿUmar b. Muḥammad b. Futuḥ al-Bayquni was a Shafi'i scholar of Damascus who wrote a influential treatise on ḥadīth terminology entitled Mandhumat al-Bayqunīyyah which is widely used in learning the discipline to this today. The treatise consists of 34 couplets of poetry covering 34 types of ḥadīth, compiled in a meter that is easy to memorize. Unfortunately, very little is known about the author apart from his name, the approximate date he lived (1080AH/1669CE), the fact that he settled in Damascus and was amongst the Shafi'i legal school. Some sources do mention that the ascription of his name is from Bayqun. His name is usualy asserted as 'Umar over the mentions of Taha as mentioned by Imam al-Ajhuri in his Hashiyah as well as Imam al-Nabhani in his commentary. Shaykh Badr al-Din in his commentary of the Bayquniyah asserts that the Imam was originally from Azerbaijan and then later moved to Damascus and thus adopted that name.
ABOUT IMAM AS-SAYYID AHMED AL-HAMAWI:
His name is Shihabudin Abu al-'Abbas Ahmed bin Sayyid Muhammad Makki al-Husayni al-Hamawi al-Hanafi, born in Egypt and raised there although his origin is in Hamma, Syria. He was early on taught the Islamic sciences and raised in scholarly life and environment. He excelled in Hadith, Usul, and Fiqh in Madrassat al-Sulaymaniyah in Cairo. He took knowledge from Imam Nur al-Din Ali al-Ajhuri, Imam Shihabudin Ahmed al-Khafaji, Imam Nur al-Din Ali ash-Shabramullisi, Imam Mansur at-Tukhi, and many more others.
Amongst his popular students are; Imam Hassan Abu al-Asrar al-'Ujaymi, Imam 'Abd al-Baqi Ibn as-Samman ad-Dimishqi, and many others. The imam wrote many beneficial works such as;
- Itihaf al-Adhkiya' bitahqiq 'Ismat al-Anbiya'
- ad-Durar al-Farid fi Bayan Hukm al-Taqlid,
- Sharh Mandhumat Abi ash-Shihnat fil Tawhid,
- Tadh-hib al-Sahifat bi Nasrat al-Imam abi Hanifah,
and many many more.
Imam as-Sayyid Ahmed al-Hamawi al-Hanafi passed away in the year of 1098.