ABOUT AL-JAMI' AL-TIRMIDHI:
The Jami' at-Tirmidhi popularly known as Sunan at-Tirmidhi is one of Kutub al-Sittah (the six major hadith collections). It was collected by Abu ʿIsa Muhammad ibn ʿIsa at-Tirmidhi.He began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. (A.D. 864/5) and completed it on the 10 Dhu-al-Hijjah 270 A.H. (A.D. 884, June 9). It contains 3,956 Ahadith, and has been divided into fifty chapters. It is also classified as a Sunan, which implies that the book has been chapterised according to legal chapters, such as Purification, Prayer, Poor-due and Fasting, narrated on the authority of Islamic prophet Muhammad, while the opinions of the companions are usually not mentioned.
Tirmidhi's method was that of placing the heading first, then mentioning one or two Ahadith which were related to the heading. These Ahadith are followed by his opinion as to the status of the Hadith. Subsequently, he mentions the opinions of the different jurists. He also indicates if there were other narrations transmitted by other companions on the same subject. His principal aim was to discuss the legal opinions of early jurists. Tirmidhi mostly mentioned those Ahadith which the jurists used as the basis for their legal decisions and he mentioned which school used which tradition/s. Hence this book became an important source for the different view-points of the various legal schools. The Jami' thus bears the distinction of being one of the oldest texts dealing with the difference of opinion amongst the various jurisprudential schools. The full title of the compilation is:
al-Jami' al-Mukhtasar min al-Sinan 'an Rasul Allah wa ma'rifat al-Sahih wa'l Ma'lul wama 'aleyhi al-'Amal:
الجامع المختصر من السنن عن رسول الله ﷺ ومعرفة الصحيح والمعلول وما عليه العمل
al-Kattani said: "The Jami' of at-Tirmidhi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and al-Jami' al-Kabir.
There are various commentaries and supra commentaries on the collection but some stand out more than the others, some of the popular ones are as follows:
--- Aridhat al-Ahwathi bi Sharh Sunan al-Tirmidhi written Ibn al-Arabi d. 543H (1148-49 CE),
--- Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi of which only the last portion of remains - Sharh 'Ilal at-Tirmidhi - by Ibn Rajab,
--- Quwwat al-Mughtadhi 'ala Jami' al-Tirmidhi; by Imam al-Suyuti. his fourth instalment of the commentaries of the Sunans.
--- Commentary on al-Tirmidhi's Hadith Collection by al-Zayn al-Iraqi,
--- Footnotes, including explanation and verification, of approximately the first third of the Sunan by Ahmad Muhammad Shakir,
--- al-ʿUrf al Shadhi Sharh Sunan Al-Tirmidhi by Anwar Shah Kashmiri,
--- Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi bi Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Mubarkafuri, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Muhammad 'Uthman,
Click here to see other works on this title:
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is an concise commentary on Tirmidhi's work but is much beneficial due to its concise nature as well its strength in Hadith and Lughah function. Imam quotes frequently others and rarely has his own views unless the degree in which he reports differs with each other.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print has has no tashkeel but some in depth study of the Tirmidhi work. No biography of Imam Sayyid al-Nas but has a good bio in Imam al-Tirmidhi.
ABOUT IMAM MUHAMMAD 'ISA AL-TIRMIDHI:
He Abu 'Isa Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Sulamai al-Tirmidhi, born in 824 – 9 October 892, was a Persian Hadith scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih (known as Jami` at-Tirmidhi), one of the six canonical hadith compilations. He also wrote Shama'il Muhammadiyah (popularly known as Shama'il at-Tirmidhi), a compilation of hadiths concerning the person and character of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Tirmidhi was also well versed in Arabic grammar, favouring the school of Kufa over Basra due to the former's preservation of Arabic poetry as a primary source. It has been said that he was born blind, but the majority of scholars agree that he became blind later in his life. Tirmidhi's family belonged to the Arab tribe of Banu Sulaym (hence the nisbat "as-Sulami"). His grandfather was originally from Marw (Persian: Merv), but moved to Tirmidh.
Tirmidhi was born during the reign of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. His year of birth has been reported as 209 AH (824/825). Dhahabi only states that Tirmidhi was born near the year 210 AH (825/826), thus some sources give his year of birth as 210 AH. Some sources indicate that he was born in Mecca.
Tirmidhi reported hadith from 42 Kufan teachers. In his Jami`, he used more reports from Kufan teachers than from teachers of any other town. Tirmidhi was a pupil of al-Bukhari, who was based in Khurasan. Dhahabi wrote, "His knowledge of hadith came from al-Bukhari." Tirmidhi mentioned al-Bukhari's name 114 times in his Jami`. He used al-Bukhari's Kitab at-Tarikh as a source when mentioning discrepancies in the text of a hadith or its transmitters, and praised al-Bukhari as being the most knowledgeable person in Iraq or Khurasan in the science of discrepancies of hadith. Bukhari held Tirmidhi in high regard as well. He is reported to have told Tirmidhi, "I have profited more from you than you have from me," and in his Sahih he narrated two hadith from at-Tirmidhi. Tirmidhi also narrated some hadiths from Abu Dawud, and one from Muslim. Muslim also narrated one hadith from at-Tirmidhi in his own Sahih.
SOME OF TIRMIDHI'S WORKS:
--- al-Jami` al-Mukhtasar min al-Sunan `an Rasulillah, known as “Jami` At-Tirmidhi)
--- al-`Ilal al-Sughra,
--- al-`Ilal al-Kubra,
--- al-Shama’il al-Nabawiyyah wa'l Fada’il al-Mustafawiyyah, or popularly known as al-Shama'il al-Muhammadiyyah.
--- al-Asma’ wa al-Kuna,
--- Kitab At-Tarikh.
Tirmidhi was blind in the last two years of his life, according to Dhahabi. His blindness is said to have been the consequence of excessive weeping, either due to fear of God or over the death of al-Bukhari. He died on Monday night, 13 Rajab 279 AH / Sunday night, 8 October 892 in Bugh.
Tirmidhi is buried on the outskirts of Sherobod, a 60 kilometers north of Termez in Uzbekistan. In Termez he is locally known as Abu Isa at-Termezi or "Termez Ota" ("Father of Termez").
ABOUT IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN SAYYID AL-NAS AL-YA'MARI:
Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Ya'mari, better known as Fath al-Din Ibn Sayyid al-Nās, was an Egyptian theologian who specialized in the field of Hadith. He was well known for his biography of the Prophet ﷺ.
Although Ibn Sayyid al-Nas was himself an Egyptian, he was descended from a Muslim Andalusian family from Seville. The family fled due to hostility from Christians, who eventually took the city in 1248. His grandfather Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ahmad was born in 1200 and settled in Tunis, where Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' father was born in October 1247. His grandfather died in 1261.
Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' biography of the prophet Muhammad is well known. Some of the isnads, or chains of narration establishing the historicity of claims, are unique; Ibn Hisham, arguably the most respected classical biographer, included events in his version of the prophetic biography whose chains of narration are only available in Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' work.
During his time, he was also considered one of Cairo's greatest composers of poetry in praise of the Prophet. Ibn Sayyid al-Nas along with Abu Hayyan al-Gharnati were often the presiding "judges" during poetic contests during the reign of Mamluk sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad. Slimane of Morocco, the sultan of Morocco in the early 1800s who greatly restricted the acceptable reading material in his sultanate, designated Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' prophetic biography as one of only two approved works.
Ibn Sayyid al-Nas was respected among hadith circles for his transmissions of a recension of Sahih al-Bukhari, the most significant collection of prophetic tradition in Sunni Islam. In regard to the widely reported raid of Hudhayl, Ibn Sayyid al-Nas' transmission is nearly identical to the narrations of Muhammad al-Bukhari himself, save seven small differences, six copyist errors and one difference in a single word.
SOME OF HIS POPULAR WORKS INCLUDE:
--- 'Uyun al-Athar fi Funun al-Maghazi wa'l Shama'il wa'l Sir;
(عيون الأثر في فنون المغازي والشمائل والسير)
--- Nur al-'Uyun fi Talkhis Sirah al-Amin al-Ma'mun; an abridgement of his 'Uyun al-Athar
(نور العيون في تلخيص سيرة الأمين المأمون ، وهو مختصر لكتاب عيون الأثر)
--- al-Maqalat al-'Iliyyat fi Karamat al-Sahabah al-Jaliyyat;
(المقامات العلية في كرامات الصحابة الجلية)
--- al-Nafh al-Shadhi fi Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi;
(النفح الشذي في شرح جامع الترمذي)
--- Minh al-Madhi;
--- Bushra al-Labib bi Dhikra al-Habib;
(بشرى اللبيب بذكرى الحبيب)
--- Tahsil al-Isabah fi Tafdhil al-Sahabah;
(تحصيل الاصابة في تفضيل الصحابة)
--- al-'Ubab fi'l Furu';
(العباب في الفروع)
Ibn Sayyid al-Nas died in the year 1334, corresponding to 734 in the Hijri calendar. He was known as an adherent of the Zahiri school of Sunni Islam.