ABOUT THIS BOOK:
This book is modern classic in the Shafi'i learning circles designed to teach the student engaged in Fiqh, Usul and various other sciences to learn the basic methodology and terminologies used in each field. What are the obligatory, impressible, permissible, disliked or even allowed sciences that one must know about? What are the popular terminologies used by the Shafi'i Imams? What is Mujtahid Mutlaq? Istilahat Imam Nawawi in his Minhaj? What are the positions of Shafi'i in his Qadim still relied upon? etc.
At the conclusion of this text Imam 'Alawi al-Saqqaf adds an important text, namely that of Imam Nawawi; al-Usul wa'l Dhawabit (الأُصُول والضَوَابِط) which is the conclusion of the text designed to ease the students grasp of the sciences of Usul al-Fiqh. Imam Nawawi mentions that it is a crucial introduction that opens many doors towards understanding.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print contains two additional texts that engage in the same subject. Namely;
--- Wasiyyat al-Imam Abi Hanifah li Talmidhihi Yusuf b. as-Samti
(وصية الإمام أبي حنيفة لتلميذه الإمام أبي يوسف السَّمتي)
This small is a very valuable work and a classical advice penned down by Imam Abu Hanifa to his student; namely; Imam Yusuf b. Khalid as-Samti.
This Wasiya to Imam Yusuf is advice in regards to the leaders, people as well as discipline of a scholar. Wasiyah is authentically attributed to the Imam and is thus verified in its chain of transmission by various scholars of the past and the present.
--- Bayan Zaghila al-'Ilm wa'l Talabi by Imam Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi
(بَيَانُ زَغَلِ العِلْمِ وَالطَّلَب)
This small text tries to introduce the student soma basic fundemantals on 'ilm Qira'at and Tajwid, 'Ilm al-Hadith, aspects of the Hanafi, Malaki, Shafi'i and Hanbali Madhahib, Nahw, 'Ilm al-Lughah, 'Ilm Tafsir, Usul al-Fiqh, Usul al-Din, and so on.
This text focuses on the benefits of each science very briefly.
ABOUT SHAYKH 'ALAWI B. AHMED AS-SAQQAF:
He is al-Allamah, al-Muhadith, al-Faqih, al-Habib 'Alawi b. Ahmed b. Abd al-Rahman al-Saqqaf, al-Makki, born in Makkah in the year 1255 Hijri. He memorised early on the Qur'an and he was profusely active in learning, it came very easy to grasp knowledge. He quickly gained a post at the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah to teach and many have learned from him.
He wrote many works but some of his popular works are as follows;
--- Tarshih al-Mustafidin;
--- Hashiyat fi fiqh al-Shafi'i,
--- Fath al-'Allam bi Ahkam al-Salam;
--- al-Qawl al-Jami' al-Matin fi ba'dh al-Muhimm min Huquq Ikhwanina al-Muslimin;
--- al-Fawa'id al-Makkiyyah fima Yahtajuhu Talabat al-Shafi'iyyah fi'l Masa'il wa'l Dhawabit wa'l Qawa'id al-Kulliyyat;
and many more other beneficial texts.
He passed away 1335 Hijri in Makkah and was buried there.
ABOUT IMAM ABU HANIFA:
He is al-Imam al-Faqih Abu Hanifa Nu'man ibn Thabit (d. 150/767) is one of the great pioneers in the history of Islamic Law. He was among the first to deploy the recognized methods of legal reasoning consistently, and to gather the judgements and rulings of his time into a systematic corpus. The fiqh that evolved from his style of reasoning, carried on by his brilliant students, became associated with his name.
The Hanafi School is the one most widely followed among the world's Sunni Muslims. This study of Abu Hanifa's life and legacy is based on the traditional sources. It includes a short survey of how Hanafi fiqh evolved in different regions of the Islamic world. It offers a clear reminder of the criteria and conditions traditionally applied before any ruling gained general acceptance.
ABOUT MUHY AL-DIN ZAKARIYA AL-NAWAWI:
He is Abu Zakaria Muhiy ad-Din Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, popularly known as al-Nawawi, an-Nawawi or Imam Nawawi (631–676 A.H./1234–1277), was an influential Sunni Shafi'i jurist and hadith scholar. He authored numerous and lengthy works ranging from hadith, to theology, biography, and jurisprudence. His complete name is Abu Zakaria Muhyidin Yahya ibn Sharaf ibn Marri ibn Hassan ibn Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Juma ibn Hazm An-Nawawi. He was born at Nawa near Damascus, Syria.
Shaikh Yasin bin Yusuf Marakashi, says: "I saw Imam Nawawi at Nawa when he was a youth of ten years of age. Other boys of his age used to force him to play with them, but Imam Nawawi would always avoid the play and would remain busy with the recitation of the Noble Qur'an. When they tried to domineer and insisted on his joining their games, he bewailed and expressed his no concern over their foolish action. On observing his sagacity and profundity, a special love and affection developed in my heart for young Nawawi. I approached his teacher and urged him to take exceptional care of this lad as he was to become a great religious scholar. His teacher asked whether I was a soothsayer or an astrologer. I told him I am neither soothsayer nor an astrologer but Allah caused me to utter these words." His teacher conveyed this incident to Imam's father and he keeping in view the learning quest of his son, decided to dedicate the life of his son for the service and promotion of the cause of Islam.
Imam Nawawi joined Madrasah Rawahiyah which was affiliated with the Ummi University. Imam Nawawi says; "I studied in this institution for two years. During my stay in Madrasah Rawahiyah, I never had complete rest and lived on the limited food supplied by the institution." As a routine he used to sleep very little at night. When it became irresistible as a human being, he would lean and slumber for a while against the support of books. After a short duration he would again be hard at his scholastic pursuits. He studied in Damascus from the age of 18 and after making the pilgrimage in 1253 he settled there as a private scholar. From a young age he showed signs of great intelligence, and so his father paid for a good education. As a judge, he was much sought after for advice and adjudication of disputes.
His teachers were regarded as masters and authority of their subject field and disciplines they taught. Imam Nawawi studied Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, its principles, syntax and Etymology from great scholars of his time. Abu Ibrahim Ishaq bin Ahmad AI-Maghribi, Abu Muhammad Abdur-Rahman bin Ibrahim Al-Fazari, Radiyuddin Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Abu Hafs Umar bin Mudar Al-Mudari, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Isa Al-Muradi, Abul-Baqa Khalid bin Yusuf An-Nablusi, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Salim Al-Misri, Abu Abdullah Al-Jiyani, Abul-Fath Umar bin Bandar, Abu Muhammad At-Tanukhi, Sharafuddin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad Al-Ansari, Abul-Faraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Maqdisi, Abul-Fada'il Sallar bin Al-Hasan Al Arbali.
His students likewise became renowned and well sought after, some of whom were; 'Ala Uddin ibn al-'Attar, Ibn Abbas Ahmad bin Ibrahim, Abul-Abbas Al-Ja'fari, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Farah, Rashid Ismail bin Mu'allim Al-Hanafi, Abu Abdullah Al-Hanbali, AbulAbbas Al-Wasti, Jamaluddin Sulaiman bin Omar Az-Zar'i, AbulFaraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Abdul-Hamid AlMaqdisi, Badr Muhammad bin Ibrahim, Shamsuddin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, Ash-Shihab Muhammad bin Abdul-Khaliq, Hibatullah Al-Barizi, Abul-Hajjaj Yusuf bin Az-Zaki.
His written works as well as published works are so many that almost all of them have been warmly received by scholars and students alike. Some of his well known and celebrated works are;
--- Al Minhaj bi Sharh Sahih Muslim شرح صحيح مسلم, making use of others before him, and is considered one of the best commentaries on Sahih Muslim. It is available online.
--- Riyadh as-Salihin رياض الصالحين, is a collection of hadith on ethics, manners, conduct, and is very popular in the Muslim world today.
--- al-Majmu' sharh al-Muhadhdhab المجموع شرح المهذب, is a comprehensive manual of Islamic law according to the Shafi'i school.
--- Minhaj al-Talibin منهاج الطالبين وعمدة المفتين في فقه الإمام الشافعي, a classical manual on Islamic Law according to Shafi'i fiqh.
--- Tahdhib al-Asma wal-Lughat تهذيب الأسماء,
--- Taqrib al-Taisir التقريب والتيسير لمعرفة سنن البشير النذير, an introduction to the study of hadith, it is an extension of Ibn al-Salah's Muqaddimah, with Suyuti's commentary "Tadrib al-Rawi" it is most popular,
--- Forty Hadiths (al-arba'in al-nawawiyya) الأربعون النووية, collection of forty (actually forty-two) fundamental traditions, frequently published along with numerous commentaries.
--- Ma Tamas ilayhi hajat al-Qari li Sahih al-Bukhari ما تمس إليه حاجة القاري لصـحيح البـخاري,
--- Tahrir al-Tanbih تحرير التنبيه,
--- Kitab al-Adhkar الأذكار المنتخبة من كلام سيد الأبرار, is a collection of supplications of prophet Muhammad.
--- al-Tibyan fi adab Hamalat al-Quran التبيان في آداب حملة القرآن,
--- Adab al-fatwa wa al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti آداب الفتوى والمفتي والمستفتي,
--- al-Tarkhis fi al-Qiyam الترخيص بالقيام لذوي الفضل والمزية من أهل الإسلام,
--- Manasik متن الإيضاح في المناسك, on Hajj rituals.
--- Sharh Sunan Abu Da'ud; الإيجاز في شرح سنن أبي داود السَّجِستاني
--- Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari
--- Mukhtasar at-Tirmidhi
--- Tabaqat ash-Shafi'iyah
--- Rawdhat al-Talibeen
--- Bustan al-`arifin
and many more works.
He died at Nawa at a relatively young age, having never married. An-Nawawi's lasting legacy is his contribution to hadith literature through his momentous works Forty Hadiths and Riyadh as-Saaliheen. According to Al-Dhahabi, Imam Nawawi's concentration and absorption in academic love gained proverbial fame. He had devoted all his time for learning and scholarship. Other than reading and writing, he spent his time contemplating on the interacted and complex issues and in finding their solutions. Shaykh Muhiyidin expresses his impression about Imam Nawawi as thus: "Imaam an-Nawawi had three distinctive commendable qualities in his person. If anybody has only one out of these three, people turn to him in abundance for guidance. First, having knowledge and its dissemination. Second, to evade completely from the worldly inclinations, and the third, inviting to all that is good (Islam) enjoining virtue and forbidding vice. Imaam an-Nawawi had all three in him."
ABOUT IMAM SHAMS AL-DIN MUHAMMAD AL-DHAHABI
He is Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Uthman ibn Qayyum `Abu `Abd Allah Shams ad-Din al-Dhahabi known as Al-Dhahabi, a Shafi'i Muhaddith and a prolific historian. Al-Dhahabi was born in Damascus in 1274 CE/673 AH, where his family had lived from the time of his grandfather `Uthman. He sometimes identified himself as Ibn al-Dhahabi (son of the goldsmith) in reference to his father's profession. He began his study of hadith at age eighteen, travelling from Damascus to Baalbek, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Nabulus, Cairo, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Hijaz, and elsewhere, after which he returned to Damascus, where he taught and authored many works and achieved wide renown as a perspicuous critic and expert examiner of the hadith, encyclopaedic historian and biographer, and foremost authority in the canonical readings of the Qur'an.
He studied under more than 100 women. His most important teacher at Baalbek included a woman, Zaynab bint ʿUmar b. al-Kindi. He lost his sight two years before he died, leaving three children: his eldest daughter Amat al-`Aziz and his two sons `Abd Allah and Abu Hurayra `Abd al-Rahman. The latter taught the hadith masters Ibn Nasir al-Din al-Dimashqi and Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, to whom he transmitted several works authored or narrated by his father.
Among al-Dhahabi's most notable teachers in hadith, fiqh and aqida:
--- Abd al-Khaliḳ b. Ulwan
--- Zaynab bint 'Umar b. al-Kindi,
--- Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Mas‘ud ibn Nafis al-Musali,
--- Shaykh al-Islam Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah,
--- Ibn al-Zahiri, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah al-Halabi,
--- Sharaf al-Din al-Dimyati, `Abd al-Mu'min ibn Khalaf, the foremost Egyptian authority on hadith in his time,
--- Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Daqiq al-'Id, whom he identified in his youth as Abu al-Fath al-Qushayri, later as Ibn Wahb.
--- Jamal al-Din Abu al-Ma`ali Muhammad ibn `Ali al-Ansari al-Zamalkani al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i (d. 727), whom he called "Qadi al-Qudat, the Paragon of Islam, the standard-bearer of the Sunna, my shaykh".
--- Al-Abarquhi, Ahmad ibn Ishaq ibn Muhammad al-Misri (d. 701), from which al-Dhahabi received the Suhrawardi Sufi path.
Dhahabi authored nearly hundred works, some of them of considerable size. His work regarding the practice of prophetic medicine was straightforward in its presentation, but also categorized by the author as alternative medicine. Much of it consisted of an integration of medicine as understood from the revelations of the prophet Muhammad and the practices of Pre-Islamic Arabia with Ancient Greek medicine, quoting heavily from the ideas and terminologies of Hippocrates and Ibn Sina.
List of popular works:
--- Tarikh al-Islam al-kabir. (Major History of Islam); Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi.
--- Siyar a`lam al-nubala'. (The Lives of Noble Figures), 28 volumes, a unique encyclopaedia of biographical history.
--- Tadhhib Tahdhib al-Kamal, an abridgement of al-Mizzi's abridgement of al-Maqdasi's Al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal, a compendium of historical biographies for hadith narrators cited in the Six major Hadith collections.
--- Al-Kashif fi Ma`rifa Man Lahu Riwaya fi al-Kutub al-Sitta, an abridgment of the Tadhhib.
--- Al-Mujarrad fi Asma' Rijal al-Kutub al-Sitta, an abridgment of the Kashif.
--- Mukhtasar Kitab al-Wahm wa al-Iham li Ibn al-Qattan.
--- Mukhtasar Sunan al-Bayhaqi, an abridgement of Bayhaqi's Sunan al-Kubara.
--- Mukhtasar al-Mustadrak li al-Hakim, an abdridgement of Hakim's Al-Mustadrak 'alal Sahihain.
--- Al-Amsar Dhawat al-Athar (Cities Rich in Historical Relics), which begins with the description of Madina al-Munawwara.
--- Al-Tajrid fi Asma' al-Sahaba, a dictionary of the Companions.
--- Tadhkirat al-huffadh. (The Memorial of the Hadith Masters), a chronological history of the biography of hadith masters. Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi. Without peer in Islamic literature, a chronological history of the biography-layers of the hadith masters beginning with Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and ending with al-Dhahabi's own time. Each entry contains, in addition to biographical data, a hadith transmitted to al-Dhahabi through a chain containing the entry's subject. Ibn Hajar received it from Abu Hurayra ibn al-Dhahabi. Al-Suyuti condensed and updated it in Tabaqat al-Huffaz, followed by others.
--- Al-Mu`in fi Tabaqat al-Muhaddithin, a compendium of hadith scholars (Muhaddithin).
--- Tabaqat al-Qurra (Biography-Layers of the Qur'anic Scholars).
--- Duwal al-Islam (The Islamic Nations), a condensed history with emphasis on political figures and events.
--- Al-Kaba'ir (The Major Sins)
--- Manaqib Al-imam Abu Hanifa wa saahibayhi Abu Yusuf wa Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan (The Honoured status of Imam Abu Hanifa and his two companions, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan).
--- Mizan al-I`tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal, an authoritative manual of weak narrators abridging and improving upon Ibn `Adi's al-Kamil fi al-Du`afa', the first work of its kind. Al-`Iraqi improved upon it in Dhayl al-Mizan, then his student Ibn Hajar in Lisan al-Mizan, then more recently al-`Awni in Dhayl Lisan al-Mizan.
--- Al-`Ibar bi Akhbar Man `Abar, a condensed biographical history with emphasis on scholars.
He died in 748 AH or 1348 CE.