ABOUT THIS BOOK:
This title popularly known as simply "Ghiyath al-Umam" or "Saviour of teh Nation" is a classical which explores the notion of power and authority. Imam al-Juwaynī theorises about the absence of the caliphate and the continuity of society. Through his discussion on the absence of an imām, it becomes clear that al-Juwaynī does not understand authority and power to be limited to the formal confines of government, in this case the caliphate, but also locates it within the Shariʿa in such a manner that the Shariʿa enables the continuity of society when political institutions fail.
A unique work thinking outside of the box and dissecting scenarios that are all too real in modern times. Extensively edited and annotated by the expert on Imam al-Juwayni and his works, Shykh Abd al-'Azim Mahmud ad-Dib.
المسمى « غياث الأمم في الْتياث الظُّلَم »
كتاب علمي جامع ، متخصص في أحكام الإمامة وما يليق بها أو يطرأ عليها ، من أوائل ما كتب في هذا الباب ، وندر وجود مزاحم له بحسن تقاسيمه وتفاريعه ، وتقديراته واحتمالاته ، فهو بحق من أنفس الكتب في موضعه .
وقضية الإمامة قضية عظيمة من مهمات الدين ، حتى أُفرد لها باب خاص في كتب الكلام والعقيدة ، وبحثت في كتب الأصول عموماً ، وكتب السياسة الشرعية خصوصاً مع ما يناسبها من أبواب الفقه .
ومرور الأيام لا يزيدها إلا أهمية ، ولا سيما في عصرنا الحاضر المتموج بالغرائب .
ويرحم الله الإمام المجاهد عبد الله بن المبارك إذ يقول :
لولا الأئمة لم تأمن لنا سبل
وكان أضعفنا نهباً لأقوانا
وأما الشق الثاني من « الغياثي » .. فقد أوضحه وأبان عن منهجه فيه مصنفه الإمام الجويني إذ يقول : ( فليت شعري ما معتصم العباد إذا طما الفساد ، واستبدل الخلق الإفراط والتفريط عن منهج الاقتصاد ، وبلي المسلمون بعالم لا يوثق به لفسقه ، وبزاهد لا يقتدى به لخُرقه ؟! أيبقى بعد ذلك مسلك في الهدى ، أم يموج الناس بعضهم في بعض مهملين سُدى ، متهافتين على مهاوي الردى ؟! ) .
ثم إن فضيلة الأستاذ الدكتور المحقق عبد العظيم محمود الديب رحمه الله تعالى لم يقف عند تحقيق نص هذا الكتاب العظيم وإخراجه سليماً من عوار التصحيفات وسوء الفهم ، بل قدَّم له بمقدمة علمية مستفيضة ، جاء فيها بدراسات وافية حول موضوع الكتاب ومعاناته العلمية في سبيل إخراجه ، وجلى فيها شخصية إمام الحرمين بما لا مزيد عليه .
ودار المنهاج إذ تقدم هذا الكتاب النفيس .. لتحمد الله تعالى على إبراز هذا السفر لجليل ، يرفل في ثياب التحقيق ، ويزهو بميسم التدقيق ، وأن يكون منهلاً روياً للحاكم والمحكوم .
وهذا الكتاب حريٌّ بأن يدرَّس في الأقسام السياسية في جامعات العالم ؛ حتى يجعلوه منارةً تضيء لهم الدروب في هذا المسلك المهم .
والله من وراء القصد
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is extremely well edited and researched. Consulted many manuscripts and edited for the second edition. It contains an extensive introduction of well over 200 pages. Researching the title at hand and the influence it had on Islamic scholarship as well as Muslim politicians.
ABOUT IMAM AL-HARAMAYN AL-JUWAYNI:
He is Imam al-Haramayn Dhia' ul-Din Abd al-Malik ibn Yusuf al-Juwayni al-Shafi'i born in 17 February 1028 / 419 AH and said to have died on 19 August 1085 / 478 AH. He was a Persian Sunni Shafi'i jurist and mutakallim theologian. His name is commonly abbreviated as Al-Juwayni; he is also commonly referred to as Imam al Haramayn, meaning "leading master of the two holy cities", that is, Mecca and Medina. Al-Juwayni was born in a village on the outskirts of Naysabur called Bushtaniqan in modern day Iran. Al-Juwayni was a prominent Muslim scholar known for his gifted intellect in Islamic legal matters. Al-Juwayni was born into a family of legal study. His father, Abu Muhammad 'Abdallah b. Yusuf al-Juwayni, was a well-known master of Law in the Shafi′i community as well as a Shafi'i teacher and his older brother, Abu al-Hassan 'Ali al-Juwayni, was a Sufi teacher of Hadith.
Al-Juwayni grew up in Naysabur, an intellectually thriving area drawing scholars to it. Naturally, Juwayni did not have to search far for his education. At the time, the teachings of the Shafi'i school were closely linked to the Ash'ari theology which al-Juwayni decided to study for several years after the death of his father. He took over for his father at this point and began his teaching career at only 19 years of age. The Seljuks, at the time, were moving quickly in their conquest of eastern Iran and Tughril Beg became the first sultan. Tughril Beg was a Mutazili-Hanafi adherent and at the time, the Ash'arite theological camp and the Hanafi school of legal thought shared a hostile relationship based in differences of opinion regarding doctrine and when Tughril Beg was named wazir in Nishapur, he forbid al-Juwayni to practice or teach the Ash'ari theological perspective.
Al-Juwayni travelled to Mecca and Medina in search of an interim home. He taught and studied there in Hijaz for four years. During this time, al-Juwayni became hugely popularised. He gained a large following and was invited back to Nishapur by the founder of the Shafi'i Madrasa, Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk. Upon his return, Juwayni was appointed to teach the doctrine of the Ash'ari school at the Nizamiyya Madrasa until he died in 1085CE. Al-Juwayni spent his life studying and producing influential treatises in Muslim government; it is suspected that most of his works came out of this period after his return from Mecca and Medina.
Al-Juwayni was the teacher of one of the most influential scholars in the Islamic tradition, namely Imam al-Ghazzali. It was said that he said al-Ghazzali was his greatest achievement and also his diminished status for having produced to great of a pupil. Some of al-Juwaynis popular works are;
--- Kitab al-Irshad ila Qawati' al-Adilla fi Usul al-I'tiqad, also known as; al-Irshad al-'Aqida al-Nizamiyya:
کتاب الارشاد علی قواطع الادله فی اصول الاعتقاد
In this book; "guidebook to conclusive proofs for the principles of belief" helps to illustrate his doctrine. It is intended to outline exactly what has been proven, what can be proven and how those things can be proven. He focuses much of his attention on God and the fundamental Islamic principle that God is the only and all-powerful creator. He explains that we are often caught up in a temporally contingent existence, lost in continuity but that we should realise God's ability to interrupt this continuity at any time. Al-Juwayni focuses a similar amount of attention on legal methodology and is particularly concerned with the methods for discerning difficult debates. He explains abrogation, for example, in great detail.
--- Ghiyath al-Umam
--- Mughith al-Khalq
--- Nihaya al-Matlab fi Diraya al-Madhhab ("The End of the Quest in the Knowledge of the [Shafi'i] School"), his magnum opus, which Ibn 'Asakir said had no precedent in Islam.
--- Mukhtasar al-Nihaya.