ABOUT AL-ARBA'IN OF AL-NAWAWI:
The collection of Forty Hadith by al-Imam al-Nawawi (or Imam Nawawi) has been known, accepted and appreciated by Muslim scholars for the last seven centuries. Its significance lay in the fact that these selected forty hadiths comprise the main essential and fundamental concepts of Islam which, in turn, construct the minimum level of required revealed knowledge for every single Muslim. Since having good knowledge of the various fundamental aspects of the religion is key to a Muslim's practice and application of Islam.
There are practical commentaries to the collection of Imam Nawawi's Forty Hadith. Various principles are contained in these hadiths, such as belief, Muslim ethics and fiqh. As such, it is very important to have a good understanding of these hadiths based on scholarly interpretations. In addition, these commentaries also try to offer discussions on related contemporary issues pertaining to certain concepts mentioned in these hadiths.
POPULAR COMMENTARIES OF THE ARBA'IN:
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; By the author himself, Imam Nawawi (d. 676),
--- al-Ta'yin fi Sharh al-Arba'in; by Imam al-Tufi, Sulayman b. Abd al-Qawi (d. 710),
--- al-Manhaj al-Mubin fi Sharh al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyyah; 'Umar b. Ali al-Fakahani (d. 731),
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; by Mas'ud b. Umar al-Taftazani (d. 793),
--- Jami' al-'Ulum wa'l Hikam fi Sharh Khamsin min Jawami' al-Kalim; by Imam Abd al-Rahman b. Ahmed Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (d. 795),
--- al-Mu'in 'ala Tafahumi al-Arba'in; By Imam Umar b. Ali Ibn al-Mulaqqin (d. 804),
--- al-Tabyin fi Sharh al-Arba'in; By Imam Muhammad b. Abd al-Aziz Ibn Jama'ah (d. 819),
--- Sharh al-Arba'in Hadithan al-Nawawiyyah; By Abi al-Fadhl Ahmed Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (d. 852)
--- al-Fath al-Mubin bi Sharh al-Arba'in; By Imam Ahmed b. Muhammad Ibn Hajar al-Haytami (d. 973),
--- al-Majalis al-Saniyyah fi'l Kalam ala al-Arba'in al-Nawawiyyah; Ahmed Ibn Hijazi al-Fashni (d. 978),
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ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is an extensive commentary and probably the best ever to be produced on the commentaries of the forty hadith collection of Imam al-Nawawi. In terms of its hadith study, it's very brief in discussing the hadith transmissions and the text of the hadith. The commentator added some 8 Ahadith to selection of imam nawawi which consisted of 42 Ahadith.
جامع العلوم والحكم هو كتاب من كتب الحديث، واسمه الكامل هو جامع العلوم والحكم في شرح خمسين حديثا من جوامع الكلم، ألفه الحافظ ابن رجب الحنبلي (736-795)، يعد الكتاب شرح للأربعين النووية وهو يعد أفضل الشروح من حيث استيعاب الكلام على الحديث سندا ومتنا، فقد جمع يحيى بن شرف النووي اثنين وأربعين حديث فنظمها وشرحها وسماها الأربعين النووية، ثم جاء ابن رجب فزاد على هذه الأربعين ثمانية وسماها "جامع العلوم والحكم في شرح خمسين حديثا من جوامع الكلم"، وقد جاء الكتاب جامعا فجمع فيه ابن رجب علوما كثيرة يسهل على العامي فهمها ولا غنى للمتعلم عنها، منها الكلام على الحديث صحة وضعفا وتخريجا له من بطون الأمهات خاصة وأن مؤلفه حافظا من حفّاظ الحديث وتناول أيضا الكلام على العقائد والأحكام فأبدع وأفاد وفي الجملة فالكتاب جامع للعلوم والحكم
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is the editorial work of Shaykh Shu'ayb al-Arna'ut who was the late Hadith expert of our time. Extensively studies the life imam Ibn Rajab in the introduction and breaks down the history of not only the Jami' al-'Ulum wa'l Hikam but also the Arba'in al-Nawawiyyah. Excellent edited and annotated with in depth hadith study.
ABOUT IMAM AL-NAWAWI:
He is bu Zakariya Muhiy ad-Din Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, popularly known as al-Nawawi, an-Nawawi or Imam Nawawi (631–676 A.H./1234–1277), was an influential Sunni Shafi'i jurist and hadith scholar. He authored numerous and lengthy works ranging from hadith, to theology, biography, and jurisprudence. His complete name is Abu Zakaria Muhyidin Yahya ibn Sharaf ibn Marri ibn Hassan ibn Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Juma ibn Hazm An-Nawawi. He was born at Nawa near Damascus, Syria.
Shaikh Yasin bin Yusuf Marakashi, says: "I saw Imam Nawawi at Nawa when he was a youth of ten years of age. Other boys of his age used to force him to play with them, but Imam Nawawi would always avoid the play and would remain busy with the recitation of the Noble Qur'an. When they tried to domineer and insisted on his joining their games, he bewailed and expressed his no concern over their foolish action. On observing his sagacity and profundity, a special love and affection developed in my heart for young Nawawi. I approached his teacher and urged him to take exceptional care of this lad as he was to become a great religious scholar. His teacher asked whether I was a soothsayer or an astrologer. I told him I am neither soothsayer nor an astrologer but Allah caused me to utter these words." His teacher conveyed this incident to Imam's father and he keeping in view the learning quest of his son, decided to dedicate the life of his son for the service and promotion of the cause of Islam.
Imam Nawawi joined Madrasah Rawahiyah which was affiliated with the Ummi University. Imam Nawawi says; "I studied in this institution for two years. During my stay in Madrasah Rawahiyah, I never had complete rest and lived on the limited food supplied by the institution." As a routine he used to sleep very little at night. When it became irresistible as a human being, he would lean and slumber for a while against the support of books. After a short duration he would again be hard at his scholastic pursuits. He studied in Damascus from the age of 18 and after making the pilgrimage in 1253 he settled there as a private scholar. From a young age he showed signs of great intelligence, and so his father paid for a good education. As a judge, he was much sought after for advice and adjudication of disputes.
His teachers were regarded as masters and authority of their subject field and disciplines they taught. Imam Nawawi studied Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, its principles, syntax and Etymology from great scholars of his time. Abu Ibrahim Ishaq bin Ahmad AI-Maghribi, Abu Muhammad Abdur-Rahman bin Ibrahim Al-Fazari, Radiyuddin Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Abu Hafs Umar bin Mudar Al-Mudari, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Isa Al-Muradi, Abul-Baqa Khalid bin Yusuf An-Nablusi, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Salim Al-Misri, Abu Abdullah Al-Jiyani, Abul-Fath Umar bin Bandar, Abu Muhammad At-Tanukhi, Sharafuddin Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad Al-Ansari, Abul-Faraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Maqdisi, Abul-Fada'il Sallar bin Al-Hasan Al Arbali.
His students likewise became renowned and well sought after, some of whom were; 'Ala Uddin ibn al-'Attar, Ibn Abbas Ahmad bin Ibrahim, Abul-Abbas Al-Ja'fari, Abul-Abbas Ahmad bin Farah, Rashid Ismail bin Mu'allim Al-Hanafi, Abu Abdullah Al-Hanbali, AbulAbbas Al-Wasti, Jamaluddin Sulaiman bin Omar Az-Zar'i, AbulFaraj Abdur-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Abdul-Hamid AlMaqdisi, Badr Muhammad bin Ibrahim, Shamsuddin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, Ash-Shihab Muhammad bin Abdul-Khaliq, Hibatullah Al-Barizi, Abul-Hajjaj Yusuf bin Az-Zaki.
His written works as well as published works are so many that almost all of them have been warmly received by scholars and students alike. Some of his well known and celebrated works are;
--- Al Minhaj bi Sharh Sahih Muslim شرح صحيح مسلم, making use of others before him, and is considered one of the best commentaries on Sahih Muslim. It is available online.
--- Riyadh as-Salihin رياض الصالحين, is a collection of hadith on ethics, manners, conduct, and is very popular in the Muslim world today.
--- al-Majmu' sharh al-Muhadhdhab المجموع شرح المهذب, is a comprehensive manual of Islamic law according to the Shafi'i school.
--- Minhaj al-Talibin منهاج الطالبين وعمدة المفتين في فقه الإمام الشافعي, a classical manual on Islamic Law according to Shafi'i fiqh.
--- Tahdhib al-Asma wal-Lughat تهذيب الأسماء,
--- Taqrib al-Taisir التقريب والتيسير لمعرفة سنن البشير النذير, an introduction to the study of hadith, it is an extension of Ibn al-Salah's Muqaddimah, with Suyuti's commentary "Tadrib al-Rawi" it is most popular,
--- Forty Hadiths (al-arba'in al-nawawiyya) الأربعون النووية, collection of forty (actually forty-two) fundamental traditions, frequently published along with numerous commentaries.
--- Ma Tamas ilayhi hajat al-Qari li Sahih al-Bukhari ما تمس إليه حاجة القاري لصـحيح البـخاري,
--- Tahrir al-Tanbih تحرير التنبيه,
--- Kitab al-Adhkar الأذكار المنتخبة من كلام سيد الأبرار, is a collection of supplications of prophet Muhammad.
--- al-Tibyan fi adab Hamalat al-Quran التبيان في آداب حملة القرآن,
--- Adab al-fatwa wa al-Mufti wa al-Mustafti آداب الفتوى والمفتي والمستفتي,
--- al-Tarkhis fi al-Qiyam الترخيص بالقيام لذوي الفضل والمزية من أهل الإسلام,
--- Manasik متن الإيضاح في المناسك, on Hajj rituals.
--- Sharh Sunan Abu Da'ud; الإيجاز في شرح سنن أبي داود السَّجِستاني
--- Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari
--- Mukhtasar at-Tirmidhi
--- Tabaqat ash-Shafi'iyah
--- Rawdhat al-Talibeen
--- Bustan al-`arifin
and many more works.
He died at Nawa at a relatively young age, having never married. An-Nawawi's lasting legacy is his contribution to hadith literature through his momentous works Forty Hadiths and Riyadh as-Saaliheen. According to Al-Dhahabi, Imam Nawawi's concentration and absorption in academic love gained proverbial fame. He had devoted all his time for learning and scholarship. Other than reading and writing, he spent his time contemplating on the interacted and complex issues and in finding their solutions. Shaykh Muhiyidin expresses his impression about Imam Nawawi as thus: "Imaam an-Nawawi had three distinctive commendable qualities in his person. If anybody has only one out of these three, people turn to him in abundance for guidance. First, having knowledge and its dissemination. Second, to evade completely from the worldly inclinations, and the third, inviting to all that is good (Islam) enjoining virtue and forbidding vice. Imaam an-Nawawi had all three in him."
ABOUT IMAM ZAYN AL-DIN ABD AL-RAHMAN IBN RAJAB:
Zain ad-Din, Abu al-Faraj, 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Ahmad ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Abi al-Barakat Mas'ud as-Sulami, al-Baghdadi, al-Hanbali, also known as Ibn Rajab, which was a nickname he inherited from his grandfather who was born in the month of Rajab, was a Muslim scholar.
Imam Ibn Rajab was born in Baghdad in 1335 (736H). His grandfather was a scholar of Islam with a focus in Hadith. His father, also born in Baghdad, studied under a number of scholars. At the age of five Ibn Rajab's family moved to Damascus, then travelled to Jerusalem where he studied under al-Alla'i, then back to Baghdad and from there to Mecca. While in Mecca his father arranged for him to study Islam as well. He then travelled to Egypt before returning to Damascus, where he taught students of his own. Some of the scholars he studied under were Ibn an-Naqib (d. 769H), as-Subki, al-Iraqi (d. 806H), and Muhammad Ibn Ismail al-Khabbaz. He also studied with Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah up to Ibn Qayyim's death. Ibn Rajab's commentary on the forty hadith of Nawawi (Jami' al-Ulum wa al-Hikam) is the largest as well as generally being considered the best commentary available. Near the end of his life, Ibn Rajab began composing a commentary on Sahih Bukhari, but unfortunately only reached the chapter on the funeral prayers before he died. He had named his work Fath al-Bari and what he did write has been published by Dar Ibn al-Jawzi in seven volumes. This amounts to less than a sixth of Sahih Bukhari. Twenty years after Ibn Rajab's death, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani began his commentary on Sahih Bukhari and gave his own work the same title in honour of Ibn Rajab.
Ibn Qadi Shuhbah said of him in his biography: "He read and became proficient in the various fields of science. He engrossed himself with the issues of the (Hanbali) maddhab until he mastered it. He devoted himself to the occupation of knowledge of the texts, defects and meanings of the Hadith. And he withdrew himself in seclusion in order to write." Al-Hafidh ibn Hajr al-Asqalani said of him: "He was highly proficient in the scientific disciplines of Hadith in terms of the names of reporters, their biographies, their paths of narration and awareness of their meanings." Imam ibn Muflih al-Hanbali said of him: "He was the Shaykh, the great scholar, the Hafidh, the one who abstained from the worldly life. He was the Shaykh of the Hanbali maddhab and he wrote many beneficial books."
HE WROTE SOME OF THE FOLLOWING BOOKS:
Tafsir and Qur'anic studies;
--- Tafsir Surah al-Ikhlaas
--- Tafsir Surah al-Faatihah
--- Tafsir Surah an-Nasr
--- I'raab al-Bismillah
--- Al-Istighnaa bil-Qur'an
Hadith studies and explanations;
--- Sharh Jaami' al-Tirmidhi of which only the last portion of remains - Sharh 'Ilal at-Tirmidhi
--- Fath al-Bari bi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari
--- Jami' al-'Uloom wal-Hikam fi Sharh khamsina Hadithan min Jawami al-Kalim (published in English translation as The Compendium of Knowledge and Wisdom by Turath Publishing Ltd., London, July 2007)
--- Maa Dhi'bani Ja'iaan ursilaa fi Ghanam
--- Ikhtiyaar al-Awlaa fi Sharh Hadith Ikhtisaam al-Mala al-A'alaa
--- Nur al-Iqtibas fi Mishkaat Wasiyyat an-Nabi Libn Abbas
--- Ghayat an-Nafa fi Sharh Hadith Tamthil al-Mu'min bi Khamat az-Zara
--- Kashf al-Kurbah fi Wasfi Hali Ahl al-Ghurbah
--- Al-Istikhraj fi Ahkam al-Kharaj
--- Al-Qawa'id al-Fiqhiyyah
--- Kitab Ahkam al-Khawatim wa ma yat'alaqu biha
Biographical and historical accounts;
--- Adh-Dhayl 'alaa Tabaqat al-Hanabilah
--- Mukhtasar Sirah Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz
--- Sirah 'Abd al-Malik ibn Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz
--- Lata'if al-Ma'arif fima li Mawasim al-Aam min al-Wadha'if
--- At-Takhweef min an-Naar wat-Ta'reef bi Hali Dar al-Bawar
--- Al-Farq bayna an-Nasihah wat-Ta'yir
--- Ahwal Ahl al-Quboor
Ibn Rajab died on a Monday night 4th of Ramadhan 795AH (1393), at the age of fifty-nine, in a garden area he had rented in Damascus. His funeral prayer was performed the next day and he was buried in the Bab as-Saghir graveyard.