ABOUT AL-JAMI' AL-TIRMIDHI:
The Jami' at-Tirmidhi popularly known as Sunan at-Tirmidhi is one of Kutub al-Sittah (the six major hadith collections). It was collected by Abu ʿIsa Muhammad ibn ʿIsa at-Tirmidhi.He began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. (A.D. 864/5) and completed it on the 10 Dhu-al-Hijjah 270 A.H. (A.D. 884, June 9). It contains 3,956 Ahadith, and has been divided into fifty chapters. It is also classified as a Sunan, which implies that the book has been chapterised according to legal chapters, such as Purification, Prayer, Poor-due and Fasting, narrated on the authority of Islamic prophet Muhammad, while the opinions of the companions are usually not mentioned.
Tirmidhi's method was that of placing the heading first, then mentioning one or two Ahadith which were related to the heading. These Ahadith are followed by his opinion as to the status of the Hadith. Subsequently, he mentions the opinions of the different jurists. He also indicates if there were other narrations transmitted by other companions on the same subject. His principal aim was to discuss the legal opinions of early jurists. Tirmidhi mostly mentioned those Ahadith which the jurists used as the basis for their legal decisions and he mentioned which school used which tradition/s. Hence this book became an important source for the different view-points of the various legal schools. The Jami' thus bears the distinction of being one of the oldest texts dealing with the difference of opinion amongst the various jurisprudential schools. The full title of the compilation is:
al-Jami' al-Mukhtasar min al-Sinan 'an Rasul Allah wa ma'rifat al-Sahih wa'l Ma'lul wama 'aleyhi al-'Amal:
الجامع المختصر من السنن عن رسول الله ﷺ ومعرفة الصحيح والمعلول وما عليه العمل
al-Kattani said: "The Jami' of at-Tirmidhi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and al-Jami' al-Kabir.
There are various commentaries and supra commentaries on the collection but some stand out more than the others, some of the popular ones are as follows:
--- Aridhat al-Ahwathi bi Sharh Sunan al-Tirmidhi written Ibn al-Arabi d. 543H (1148-49 CE),
--- Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi of which only the last portion of remains - Sharh 'Ilal at-Tirmidhi - by Ibn Rajab,
--- Quwwat al-Mughtadhi 'ala Jami' al-Tirmidhi; by Imam al-Suyuti. his fourth instalment of the commentaries of the Sunans.
--- Commentary on al-Tirmidhi's Hadith Collection by al-Zayn al-Iraqi,
--- Footnotes, including explanation and verification, of approximately the first third of the Sunan by Ahmad Muhammad Shakir,
--- al-ʿUrf al Shadhi Sharh Sunan Al-Tirmidhi by Anwar Shah Kashmiri,
--- Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi bi Sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Mubarkafuri, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Muhammad 'Uthman,
Click here to see other works on this title:
ABOUT THIS COMMENTARY:
This commentary is the fourth commentary of Imam al-Suyuti on the Sunans as he mentions in the introduction; "This is the fourth instalment of what i decided to elaborate on the Six books, which is this explanation on Abi 'Isa al-Tirmidhi's. The same way I have now annotated Bukhari's Sahih which i titled al-Tawshih, and Sahih Muslim's titled al-Dibaj, and on Sunan Abi Dawud Mirqat al-Sa'ud and in this instalment i titled it Quwwat al-Mughtadhi 'ala Jami' al-Tirmidhi, hoping to gain the pleasure and acceptance of Allah"
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print has used five manuscripts to bring this work and has relied much on its editorial tas-hih reference the works Shaykh Nasir al-Din al-Albani.
ABOUT IMAM MUHAMMAD 'ISA AL-TIRMIDHI:
He Abu 'Isa Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Sulamai al-Tirmidhi, born in 824 – 9 October 892, was a Persian Hadith scholar and collector of hadith who wrote al-Jami` as-Sahih (known as Jami` at-Tirmidhi), one of the six canonical hadith compilations. He also wrote Shama'il Muhammadiyah (popularly known as Shama'il at-Tirmidhi), a compilation of hadiths concerning the person and character of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Tirmidhi was also well versed in Arabic grammar, favouring the school of Kufa over Basra due to the former's preservation of Arabic poetry as a primary source. It has been said that he was born blind, but the majority of scholars agree that he became blind later in his life. Tirmidhi's family belonged to the Arab tribe of Banu Sulaym (hence the nisbat "as-Sulami"). His grandfather was originally from Marw (Persian: Merv), but moved to Tirmidh.
Tirmidhi was born during the reign of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. His year of birth has been reported as 209 AH (824/825). Dhahabi only states that Tirmidhi was born near the year 210 AH (825/826), thus some sources give his year of birth as 210 AH. Some sources indicate that he was born in Mecca.
Tirmidhi reported hadith from 42 Kufan teachers. In his Jami`, he used more reports from Kufan teachers than from teachers of any other town. Tirmidhi was a pupil of al-Bukhari, who was based in Khurasan. Dhahabi wrote, "His knowledge of hadith came from al-Bukhari." Tirmidhi mentioned al-Bukhari's name 114 times in his Jami`. He used al-Bukhari's Kitab at-Tarikh as a source when mentioning discrepancies in the text of a hadith or its transmitters, and praised al-Bukhari as being the most knowledgeable person in Iraq or Khurasan in the science of discrepancies of hadith. Bukhari held Tirmidhi in high regard as well. He is reported to have told Tirmidhi, "I have profited more from you than you have from me," and in his Sahih he narrated two hadith from at-Tirmidhi. Tirmidhi also narrated some hadiths from Abu Dawud, and one from Muslim. Muslim also narrated one hadith from at-Tirmidhi in his own Sahih.
SOME OF TIRMIDHI'S WORKS:
--- al-Jami` al-Mukhtasar min al-Sunan `an Rasulillah, known as “Jami` At-Tirmidhi)
--- al-`Ilal al-Sughra,
--- al-`Ilal al-Kubra,
--- al-Shama’il al-Nabawiyyah wa'l Fada’il al-Mustafawiyyah, or popularly known as al-Shama'il al-Muhammadiyyah.
--- al-Asma’ wa al-Kuna,
--- Kitab At-Tarikh.
Tirmidhi was blind in the last two years of his life, according to Dhahabi. His blindness is said to have been the consequence of excessive weeping, either due to fear of God or over the death of al-Bukhari. He died on Monday night, 13 Rajab 279 AH / Sunday night, 8 October 892 in Bugh.
Tirmidhi is buried on the outskirts of Sherobod, a 60 kilometers north of Termez in Uzbekistan. In Termez he is locally known as Abu Isa at-Termezi or "Termez Ota" ("Father of Termez").
ABOUT IMAM JALAL AL-DIN 'ABD AL-RAHMAN AL-SUYUTI:
He is Abu al-Faḍl ‘Abd al-Raḥman ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muḥammad Jalal al-Din al-Khuḍayri al-Suyuti was an Egyptian religious scholar, juristic expert and teacher, and one of the most prolific Arab writers of the Middle Ages, whose works deal with Islamic theology. In 1486, he was appointed to a chair in the mosque of Baybars in Cairo. He adhered to the Shafi'i Madhab and is one of the latter-day authorities of the Shafi'i School, considered to be one of the Ashabun-Nadhar (Assessors) whose degree of ijtihad is agreed upon. An alternative spelling of his name is Jalaluddin.
Al-Suyuti was born on 3 October 1445 AD / 1 Rajab 849 AH in Cairo, Egypt. His mother was Circassian and his father was of Persian origin, while Al-Suyuti says that his ancestors came from Al-Khudayriyya in Baghdad. His family moved to Asyut in Mamluk Egypt, hence the nisba "Al-Suyuti". Al-Suyuti's father taught Shafi'i law at the Mosque and Khanqah of Shaykhu in Cairo, but died when Al-Suyuti was 5 or 6 years old. Al-Suyuti studied various subjects, including: Shafi'i and Hanafi jurisprudence, traditions (hadith), exegesis (tafsir), theology, history, rhetoric, philosophy, philology, arithmetic, timekeeping (miqat) and medicine. He started teaching Shafi'i jurisprudence at the age of 18, at the same mosque as his father did. In 1486, Sultan Qaitbay appointed Al-Suyuti shaykh at the Khanqah of Baybars II, a Sufi lodge. Al-Suyuti himself was a Sufi of the Shadhili order.
At one point, Al-Suyuti was named the Mujaddid of the 9th century AH. He also claimed to have become a Mujtahid (someone with the authority to personally interpret sources in order to give legal statements) in jurisprudence, hadith studies, and Arabic language. This caused friction with scholars and ruling officials, and after a quarrel over the finances of the Sufi lodge, he retreated to the island of Rawda in 1501. Al-Suyuti has written about diverse subjects in many works, over 700 according to the Dalil makhtutat al-Suyuti ("Directory of al-Suyuti's manuscripts"), although numbers vary from over 500 to 981 according to a study from 1995. However, some of his works are just short pamphlets, including legal opinions. The first book he wrote was Sharh Al-Isti'aadha wal-Basmalah in 866H, when he was seventeen years old. Ibn Imad writes: "Most of his works become world famous right in his lifetime. His ability to write was phenomenal. His student Dawudi says: "I was with the Shaykh Suyuti once, and he wrote three volumes on that day. He used to dictate annotations on Hadith, and answer my objections at the same time. He was the most knowledgeable scholar in his time of the Hadith and associated sciences, knowledge of the narrators including the uncommon ones, the text of the hadith Matn, its chain of narrators isnad, the derivation of ruling from Hadith. He has himself told me, that he had memorized One Hundred Thousand Hadith."
Al-Suyuti listed 283 of his own works in Ḥusn al-muḥaḍarah. In addition to the topic of religion, al-Suyuti wrote about medicine as well. Like the medicinal works of Abu al-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi, al-Suyuti's book was almost exclusively based on Prophetic medicine rather than a synthesis of both Islamic and Greek medicine like the works of Al-Dhahabi. Al-Suyuti's work focused primarily on diet and natural remedies for both serious ailments such as rabies and smallpox and simple conditions such as headaches and nosebleeds; he also touched on the toic of the cosmology behind the principles of medical ethics.
Some of his more famous works were:
Tafsir al-Jalalayn تفسير الجلالين, "Commentary of the Two Jalals"); a Qur'anic exegesis written by Al-Suyuti and his teacher Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli.
Al-Itqān fi ‘Ulum Al-Qur’an (translated into English as The Perfect Guide to the Sciences of the Qur'an,
Al-Tibb al Nabawi الطب النبوي, "Prophetic medicine")
Al-Jaami' al-Kabir الجامع الكبير
Al-Jaami' al-Saghir الجامع الصغير
Dur al-Manthur درالمنثور in Tafsir
Tadrib al-Rawi تدريب الراوي both in hadith terminology
Tarikh al-khulafa; History of the Caliphs
The Khalifas who took the right way, a partial translation of the History of the Caliphs, covering the first four Rashidun caliphs and Hasan ibn 'Ali
Tabaqat al-huffaz, an appendix to al-Dhahabi's Tadhkirat al-Hufaz,
Nuzhat al-julasāʼ fī ashʻār al-nisāʼ نزهة الجلساء في أشعار النساء
Al-Khasais-ul-Kubra, which discusses the miracles of Islamic prophet Muhammad
Al-Suyuti died on 18 October 1505.