ABOUT SAHIH AL-BUKHARI:
Sahih al-Bukhari is a collection of hadīth compiled by Abu Abdullāh Muhammad Ibn Ismā`īl al-Bukhārī(rahimahullāh). His collection is recognized by the overwhelming majority of the Muslim world to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet . It contains roughly 7563 hadīth (with repetitions) in 98 books.
His Ṣaḥīḥ is regarded as the highest authority of the collection of hadīth. After he finished, he showed the manuscript to his teachers Imām Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullah) for approval, along with Ibn al-Madini, and lastly Ibn Ma`īn. It has also been recorded that it took Imām al-Bukhārī a period of 16 years to gather the ahādīth and to write the Ṣaḥīḥ, which sets the date back to 217 A.H. as the year in which he started the compilation; Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullah) being merely 23 years of age. Before he actually placed a hadith in his compilation he performed ghusl and prayed two raka`ah nafl prayers asking Allah for guidance. He finalized each hadith in the rawdah of Masjid an-Nabawi (between the Prophet's () grave and his minbar) and wrote the hadīth in the masjid. Only after being completely satisfied with a hadīth did he give it a place in his collection.
Methods of Classification and Annotation:
Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullah) imposed conditions which all narrators and testifiers in the hadith chain must have met before a hadith was included in his book:
- All narrators in the chain must be just (`adl).
- All narrators in the chain must possess strong memory and all the Muhadditheen who possess great knowledge of ahadith must agree upon the narrators' ability to learn and memorize, along with their reporting techniques.
- The chain must be complete without any missing narrators.
- It must be known that consecutive narrators in the chain met each other (this is Imām al-Bukhārī's extra condition).
Imām an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) relates that all scholars in Islām have agreed that Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī has gained the status of being the most authentic book after the Qur'an. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī consists of 7,563 ahādith including those ahādith which have been repeated. Without repetitions however, the total number of hadith is around 2,600.
POPULAR COMMENTARIES OF SAHIH AL-BUKHARI:
--- Sharh Ibn Battaal by Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn Khalaf ibn 'Abd al-Malik (died: 449 AH); published in 10 volumes with an additional volume containing indexes
--- Fath al-Bari by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (died: 795 AH)
--- Sharh al-Barmawi (died: 831 AH)
--- Sharh Ibnu al-Mulaqqin (died: 804 AH)
--- Fath ul-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari by al-Hafith Ibn Hajar (died: 852 AH)
--- Al-Tawshih by al-Suyuti
--- Irshad al-Sari li Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari by al-Qastallani (died: 923 AH); one of the most well known of the explanations of Sahih al-Bukhari'
--- Sharh al-Bulqini (died: 995 AH)
--- Umdah al Qari fi Sharh Sahih al Bukhari' written by Badr al-Din al-Ayni and published in Beirut by Dar Ihya’ al-turath al-`Arabi
ABOUT THE HASHIYAH OF AL-SAHARANPURI:
Celebrated as one of the great Hanafi/Hadith curriculum and a well acclaimed commentary on Imam al-Bukhari’s Sahih, which till today is published around the main text of the Indo-Pak print of Sahih al-Bukhari is this title Hashiyat 'ala al-Jami' al-Sahih. This work was due to the excessive time its author had on codifying books in his publishing house. He compiled marginal footnotes on al-Bukhari’s Sahih, which he was the first to do in India. These footnotes were thereafter completed by his student, Imam Muhammad Qasim al-Nanautwi, the founder of Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband. He also spent many years in correcting it (tashih) and then published it with a magnificent forward written by himself.
ABOUT THIS PRINT:
This print is excellent print utilised by the students of the Nizami curriculum of the Indo-Pak. It contains an amazing addition of selected Hashiyah works of Ima al-Saharanpuri and Imam Abi al-Hassan al-Sindi. In the marginal notes you can also see Shaykh Zakariya Kandahlawi's notes on the biographical entries of the transmitters of each Hadith. Amazin work with colour coded font that clearly shows which author adds to the text explanation.
ABOUT IMAM MUHAMMAD AL-BUKHARI:
Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullāh) is known as the Amīr al-Mu'minīn in hadīth. His genealogy is as follows: Abu Abdullāh Muhammad Ibn Ismā`īl Ibn Ibrāhīm Ibn al-Mughīrah Ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhārī. His father Ismā`īl was a well-known and famous muhaddith in his time and had been blessed with the chance of being in the company of Imām Mālik, Hammād Ibn Zaid and also Abdullāh Ibn Mubārak (rahimahullahum).
Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullah) was born on the day of Jumuah (Friday) the 13th of Shawwāl 194 (A.H.). His father passed away in his childhood. At the age of sixteen after having memorized the compiled books of Imām Wakīy and Abdullāh Ibn Mubārak, he performed Hajj with his elder brother and mother. After the completion of Hajj he remained in Makkah for a further two years and upon reaching the age of eighteen headed for Madīnah, compiling the books "Qadhāyas-Sahābah wa at-Tābi'īn" and "Tārikh al-Kabīr." Imām al-Bukhārī also traveled to other key centers of Arabia in search of knowledge like Syria, Egypt, Kufa, Basra, and Baghdad.
Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullah) first started listening and learning ahādīth in 205 A.H., and after benefiting from the `ulama of his town he started his travels in 210 A.H. His memory was considered to be one of a kind; after listening to a hadīth he would repeat it from memory. It has been known that in his childhood he had memorized 2,000 ahādīth.
There are a number of books compiled by Imām al-Bukhārī;
--- Al-Jāmi` al-Musnad as-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Mukhtasar min Umuri Rasulullahi sallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam wa Sunanihi wa Ayyāmihi (Sahih al-Bukhari). His Ṣaḥīḥ is regarded as the highest authority of the collection of hadīth. After he finished, he showed the manuscript to his teachers Imām Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullah) for approval, along with Ibn al-Madini, and lastly Ibn Ma`īn. It has also been recorded that it took Imām al-Bukhārī a period of 16 years to gather the ahādīth and to write the Ṣaḥīḥ, which sets the date back to 217 A.H. as the year in which he started the compilation; Imām al-Bukhārī (rahimahullah) being merely 23 years of age. Before he actually placed a hadith in his compilation he performed ghusl and prayed two raka`ah nafl prayers asking Allah for guidance. He finalized each hadith in the rawdah of Masjid an-Nabawi (between the Prophet's () grave and his minbar) and wrote the hadīth in the masjid. Only after being completely satisfied with a hadīth did he give it a place in his collection.
--- al-Tarikh al-Kabīr;
--- al-Tarīkh al-Ṣaghīr;
--- al-Tarīkh al-Awsaţ;
--- al-Kunā; a patronymics: identifying people who are commonly known as "Father of so-and-so".
--- al-Ḍu'afā al-Ṣaghīr; on weak narrators;
--- Al-Adab al-Mufrad;
In the year 864/250, he settled in Nishapur. It was there that he met Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj, who would be considered his student, and eventually collector and organizer of the hadith collection Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim which is considered second only to that of al-Bukhārī.
Political problems led him to move to Khartank, a village near Samarkānd where he died in the year 256 A.H./870 A.D.
ABOUT IMAM ABU AL-HASSAN AL-SINDI:
He is Abi al-Hassan Nur al-Din Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Hadi as-Sindi, al-Hanafi. He was born in Sind, Pakistan and grew up there and then after travelled for Hajj and settled in Madinah al-Munawara where he took knowledge from scores of scholars. He took knowledge from Sayyid al-Barzanji, Mulla Ibrahim al-Kawrani and others. al-Sindi became a respected teacher of Hadith in Medina. al-Sindi completed one of the first translations of the Qur'an from Arabic to his native language. Some of his popular students were; Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi.
Some of his works are supra commentaries on the Sunans except his Hashiyah on Tirmidhi never finished. He also has penned down the following;
--- Hashiyah on Musnad Imam Ahmed,
--- Hashiyah on Fath al-Qadir (reached up to the chapter of Nikah)
--- Hashiyat 'ala al-Baydhawi
--- Hashiyat on Mulla 'Ali Qari's az-Zuhra,
He died in 1176 AH/1724 AD and was prayed over my massive number of people in Madinah and laid down in Baqi'.
ABOUT IMAM AHMED ALI IBN LUTF AL-SAHARANPURI:
He is Mawlana Ahmad ‘Ali ibn Lutf Allah al-Hanafi al-Maturidi al-Saharanpuri, among the special students of the great hadith scholar of Delhi, Shah Muhammad Ishaq ibn Muhammad Afdal al-Dehlawi al-Muhajir al-Makki, who was the great-grandson of Shah Wali Allah al-Dehlawi. al-Saharanpuri was born and raised in Saharanpur (UP, India). After initial studies in Saharanpur, he went to Delhi and studied under Mawlana Mamluk ‘Ali and received ijaza (permission) in hadith from Shaykh Wajih al-Din al-Saharanpuri, who narrated from Shaykh ‘Abd al-Hayy ibn Hibat Allah al-Burhanwi, who took from Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir ibn Wali Allah al-Dehlawi.
He then travelled to the blessed city of Makka and performed Hajj. There, he studied the Sihah Sittah (the six authentic collections of hadith) under Shah Muhammad Ishaq al-Dehlawi and received ijaza from him. He then went to Madina and attained the blessings of residing in the city of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace ). Upon returning to India, al-Saharanpuri devoted his life to serving and teaching hadith, the lessons of which he conducted with extreme diligence. In 1291 AH, he was appointed vice-principal of the famous seat of learning, Mazahir al-‘Ulum in Saharanpur. Thereafter, in 1294 AH, he was appointed head teacher there. He occupied himself with business while continuing to teach. He owned his own publishing house, named Matba’ Ahmadi, and compiled various marginal footnotes on several books of hadith.
Some of his works are;
--- Hashiyat al-Saharanpuri ala al-Jami' al-Sahih:
Footnotes on Imam al-Bukhari’s Sahih, which he was the first to do in India. These footnotes were thereafter completed by his student, Mawlana Muhammad Qasim al-Nanautwi, the founder of Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband. He also spent many years in correcting it (tashih) and then published it with a magnificent forward written by himself.
--- Hashiyat al-Saharanpuri 'ala al-Jami' al-Tirmidhi
--- Hashiyat al-Saharanpuri 'ala Mishkat al-Masabih.
--- Hashiyat al-Saharanpuri 'ala Sharh Sahih Muslim lil Nawawi:
He is known to be the first to have published the Sahih of Imam Muslim together with its commentary by Imam Nawawi. Even to this day, those who study various hadith collections in the madrasas of the sub-continent and elsewhere use copies which contain the footnotes of Imam Ahmad ‘Ali al-Saharanpuri.
--- al-Dalil al-Qawi Ala Tark Qira’ah lil Muqtadi’
As a great jurist and scholar of hadith, he was a beacon of truth, trust, piety and purity. Despite being a person of wealth, he was known for his humbleness and considered himself worthless. Due to these lofty qualities of his, the hearts of the elders of Deoband were full of love and respect for him. Accordingly, he was invited to lay the foundation of Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband’s first building, which is known as Nawdarah. He received ijaza in tasawwuf in the Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi tariqa from the famous hadith scholar, Shah ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Mujaddidi al-Dehlawi.
Among his students were:
--- Mawlana Qasim al-Nanautwi (founder of Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband),
--- Mawlana Y‘aqub al-Nanautwi,
--- Mawlana Ahsan Hasan al-Nanautwi,
--- Mawlana Muhammad ‘Ali al-Mongeri (founder of Nadwat al-‘Ulama in Lucknow),
--- Mawlana Nur Muhammad al-Haqqani (author of the immensely popular Nurani Qa‘ida).
The Indian Mutiny of 1857 caused Imam Ahmad to return to his hometown of Saharanpur, where he took up a teaching position in the famous Madrassah ‘Mazahir al-Ulum’. Imam Ahmad ‘Ali was struck with paralysis towards the end of his life and left this mortal abode on the 6th of Jamadi al-Awwal 1297 AH.
ABOUT SHAYKH MUHAMMAD ZAKARIYA AL-KANDAHLAWI:
Muḥammad Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad Yaḥyá Ṣiddīqī Kāndhlawī Sahāranpūrī Muhājir Madanī was born on 2 February 1898 – 24 May 1982, was a Sunni Hanafi Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought in India, particularly known as a scholar of hadith and an influential ideologue of Tablighi Jamaat, the missionary and reform movement founded by his uncle, Maulana Muhammad Ilyas. The writings of Zakariya constitute much of the group's basic reading material in the form of Faza'il-i A`mal. Originally composed in Urdu but translated into several languages. Also notable among his works, which number over one hundred, are Awjaz al-Masalik, an Arabic commentary in six volumes on Imam Malik's Muwatta, and Khasa'il-i Nabawi, an Urdu translation and commentary on Imam at-Tirmidhi's Shama'il.
Zakariya was born at Kandhla in 1898, the son of Maulana Muhammad Yahya. He spent ten years in Gangoh, where he attended his father's madrasah. In 1910, he moved to Saharanpur to study at Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur, a madrasah closely affiliated with Darul Uloom Deoband, the birthplace of the Deobandi Islamic revivalist movement in India. He learned hadith from his father and from Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri. After graduating in 1915, he secured a position as a teacher at the school. Zakariya was also a prominent Sufi shaykh of the Sabiri-Imdadi branch of the Chishti order. He was a khalifah (spiritual successor) of Maulana Saharanpuri, who initiated him in the Sufi path in 1915 and gave him permission to initiate others in the four major tariqas (Chishtiyah, Naqshbandiyah, Suhrawardiyah, and Qadiriyah) in 1925. His thousands of international students and disciples include his beloved student and disciple and khalifah (spiritual successor), Shaykh al-Hadith Maulana Yusuf Motala, who is a teacher of Hadith to many Ulama and a spiritual guide to thousands worldwide.
He has allot of written works to his name among which are;
--- Awjaz al-Masalik ila Muwatta' Malik:
(أوجز المسالك إلى موطأ مالك)
--- Lami` ad-Darari `ala Jami` al-Bukhari:
(لامع الدراري على جامع البخاري)
--- Al-Kawkab ad-Durri `ala Jami` at-Tirmidhi:
(الكوكب الدري على جامع الترمذي)
--- Al-Abwab wa at-Tarajim li Sahih al-Bukhari:
(الابواب والتراجم لصحيح البخاري)
--- Juz' Hajjat al-Wida` wa `Umrat an-Nabi;
(جزء حجة الوداع وعمرات النبي)
--- Shama'il Tirmidhi ma` Urdu Sharh Khasa'il Nabawi
--- Faza'il-e-Quran (Urdu: فضائلِ قرآن)
--- Faza'il-e-Ramadan (Urdu: فضائلِ رمضان)
--- Faza'il-e-Tabligh (Urdu: فضائلِ تبلیغ)
--- Faza'il-e-Namaaz (Urdu: فضائلِ نماز)
--- Faza'il-e-Hajj (Urdu: فضائلِ حج)
--- Faza'il-e-Sadaqat (Urdu: فضائلِ صدقات)
--- Faza'il-e-Zikr (Urdu: فضائلِ ذکر )
--- Faza'il-e-Durood-Sharif (Urdu: فضائلِ درود شریف)
--- Faza'il-e-Tijarat (Urdu: فضائلِ تجارت)
--- Hikayat-e-Sahabah (Urdu: حکایت صحابہ)
--- Al-I`tidal fi Maratib ar-Rijal (Arabic: الإعتدال في مراتب الرجال), also known as Islami Siyasat (Urdu: اسلامی سیاست)
--- Dari ka Wujub (Urdu: داڑھی کا وجوب)
--- Aap Beti"Part 1"part2 (Urdu: آپ بیتی)
--- Shari`at wa Tariqat ka Talazum (Urdu: شریعت و طریقت کا تلازم)
--- Um al-Amrad
--- Fitna-e-Maududiat (Urdu: فتنہ مودودیت)
--- Maut ki Yad (Urdu: موت کی یاد)
--- Tarikh Masha'ikh-e-Chisht (Urdu: تاریخ مشائخ چشت)
--- Ikhtilaf al-A'immah
--- Jama`at-e-Tabligh par I`tarazat ki Jawabat (Urdu: جماعت تبلیغ پر اعتراضات کے جوابات)
--- Miswak (Urdu: مسواک)
--- Sila' Rahmi
--- Akabir ka Suluk o Ihsan
--- Namaz ki Ahmiat
--- Ulama e Akhirat ki Pehchan
--- Akabir ka Ramadan
He spent 55 years teaching Haditt, of which 45 years were spent in teaching Bukhari. Muhammad Zakariya fell ill on Sunday 16 May 1982 in the blessed city of Medina, Saudi Arabia. His condition deteriorated a week later resulting in serious breathing problems on Monday 24 May 1982. His final words were "Allah, Allah." and he died at 5:40 pm, exactly an hour and a half before the day's sunset prayers (maghrib). The shaykh's body was prepared for burial through washing before the Sunset prayers and burial took place after the night prayer (Isha) on the same day. The funeral prayers were led by the Imam of the Prophet's Mosque, Shaykh Abdullah al-Zahim, and the body was taken for burial in the nearby Jannatul Baqi graveyard. Muhammad Zakariya's wish was to be buried close to the Prophet's family members (ahl al-bayt) and as per his wish, his grave was dug just outside their enclosure.